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Thread: [mm]xdkif; rsufarSmufedkifiHa&; rdwfquf[/mm]

  1. #11
    VIMC r[m;',m; Cupid   mokenlay is on a distinguished road mokenlay's Avatar
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    Default tydkif; 10

    ppfwyfu tmPmodrf;wmudk vuf&SdedkifiHa&;rSm tBuyftwnf;tm; NiD;aiGYaeBuwJY befaumufeJY NrdKUBuD;ae Nynfolrsm;u 0rf;yrf;wom BudKqdkcJYBuayrJU? twdwfu ppftmPm&Sift&dyfqdk;BuD;udk owdw&eJY aBumuf&GHYaewJY ynmwwfrsm;eJY edkifiHa&;orm;rsm;udk rBudKufESpfoufBuyg/ txl;oNzifY wufqif&JU NydKifbuf twdkufcH 'Drdku&ufygwDacgif;aqmif 0efBuD;csKyfa[mif; cRefvdydkifu ]]rdrdtaeeJY rpwmwufqif&JU rSm;,Gif;wJY edkifiHa&;vkyfaqmifcsufrsm;aBumifY ppfwyfu taNcaeudk 0ifa&mufxdrf;odrf;vdkufwmudk em;vnfay;vdkU&ayrJU edkifiHa&;Nyemudk edkifiHa&;orm;awG aNz&Sif;cGifYray;bJ ppfwyfu vufeufeJY 0ifa&muftmPmodrf;wmudk rauseyfaBumif;? b,fvdkbJNzpfNzpf rpwmwufqif[m Nynfoltrsm;pka&G;cs,fwifaNrmufxm;wJY acgif;aqmifNzpfNyD; vufeufudkiftpdk;& 0efxrf;u tpdk;&udktmPmodrf;wm rNzpfoifYaBumif;? aemufrsKd;qufawGrSm 'DvdkvkyfvdkU&w,fqdkwJY tawG;rsKd;r0ifoGm;edkifatmif umuG,f&rSmNzpfaBumif;}} wDADtifwmAsL;wckrSm aNzBum;oGm;ygw,f/

    ppfwyfutmPmodrf;rSK&JU aemufuG,frSm bk&ifeJY awmf0ifrdom;pk yg0ifywfowfrSK&SdcJYw,fvdkU pGwfpGJcsufawG xGufcJYayrJU bk&ifYtodkif;0dkif;u Niif;qefcJYygw,f/ 'gayrJY avUvmolrsm;u ppftpdk;&u bk&ifeJYeD;pyfol AdkvfcsKyfBuD;a[mif; qlvm,Gwf csLvmEGwfudk Bum;Nzwftpdk;& 0efBuD;csKyftNzpfwifaNrmufwm? tmPmrodrf;rSD pufwifbm 17-18 &ufaeUawGwkef;u tmPmodrf;acgif;aqmif Bunf;wyfppfOD;csKyf AdkvfcsKyfBuD; qGef'DbGefnm&yfuvif bk&ifa&SYawmfarSmuf 0ifa&mufcpm;wm? tJ'DrwdkifrSDu bk&ifeJY olU&JUtBuHay; edkifiawmfol&Jaumif; 0efBuD;csKyfa[mif; y&ifwifqlvmEGefu bk&ifeJYtBudrfBudrfawGUqHk pum;aNymcJYwm awGudkaxmufNy&if; 'DtmPmodrf;rSK[m bk&if&JUaxmufcHcsufeJY NyKcJYw,fvdkU twdtusoHk;oyfBuygw,f/ bk&ifBuD;uawmU taNccHOya'twdkif; ol[m edkifiHa&;eJYa0;atmif uif;&Sifatmif aecJUygw,fvdkU tBudrfBudrf w&m;0ifr[kwfwJY acsycsufawG xkwfcJYayrJU? xdkif;NynfolawGu wufqif[m uar
    m'D,m;0efBuD;csKyf [GefqefeJY t&rf;&if;ESD;ovdk [Gefqef&JUoludk,fol qGef'pfqdkwJYbGJcHwm (qGef'pfbGJY[m xdkif; eJY uarm'D,m;rSm awmf0ifaoG;&if;rif;nDrif;om;&JU tNrifYqHk;bGJU - uRefawmfwdkUqDu udk,fawmfBuD;bk&m; bGJYrsKd;eJYwlr,fxifygw,f) udktm;usw,f? NyD;awmU [Gefqefu olUudk,fol uarm'D;,m; rlqdkvdkeD vkyfNyD; oD[mekeJY olUom;awGacgufxm;wmudk oabmusw,f? 'gudk bk&if blrdabmeJY txl;oNzifY rdzk&m;BuD; (xdkif;rSm bk&ifrvdkUvnf;oHk;ESKH;Buygw,f) oD&dacwf utvGef a'goxGufaew,fvdkU ,HkBunfBuygw,f/

    ppftpdk;&u xHk;pHtwdkif; rD'D,mqifqmvkyfw,f? wufqifvufxufu ae&may;cJYwJU t&yfbuf ppfbuf&mxl;awGudk taNymif;tvJvkyfwm NzKwfypfwmawG vkyfw,f? txl;oNzifY ppfbufeJY&JbufawGrSm wufqifeJY awmf0ifppftu,f'rDrSm tywfpOfwlcJYolawGudk owdxm;z,f&Sm;ygw,f/ TLT ygwDudkvnf; tmPmoHk;NyD; a&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sifudk zdtm;ay;cJYw,fqdkwJY pGwfpGJcsufeJY zsufodrf;cJYNyD;? a&G;aumufyGJaumfr&Sifudkvnf; vmbfpm;rSKeJY ta&;,lygw,f/ NrdKUBuD;awGeJY awmbufrSmvnf; vmbfay;vmbf,lrSKudk Nyif;Nyif;xefxefeSdrfeif;cJYNyD; wufqifudkvnf; t*wdvdkufpm;rSK? vmbfay;vmbf,lrSK? tmPmtvGJoHk;pm;rSK? tcGefwdrf;a&SmifrSK awGeJY pGJcsufwifygw,f 'gayrJU vef'efrSmwdrf;a&SmifaewJY wufqifu ppftpdk;&&JU w&m;pD&ifrSKudk t,HkBunfr&SdqdkNyD; w&m;&ifqdkifzdkU Niif;qefygw,f/

    xl;Ncm;wmu ppftpdk;&[m wufqifaumif;aBumif;a&;xm;wJY pmtkyfawG? tifwmAsL;awG? wufqif&JU toHoGif;xm;wJY NyefvSefaNz&Sif;csufudk pD'DoGif;NyD; edkifiHtwGif; Nzefcsdaewmudk ta&;r,lbJ cGifYNyKcJYNcif;ygw,f/ 'Duae ppftpdk;& qefYusifa&;vSKHU&Sm;rSKawG ynmwwf wu
    odkvftodkif;0dkifrSm Nyefvnf NzpfyGm;vmygw,f/ yxrqHk;ppftpdk;&&JU vkyf&yfudk a0befrSKu ppftpdk;&&JU taNccHOya'topfa&;qGJa&;eJY taNccHOya'opf a&G;qGJzdkU aumfr&Sifa&G;cs,fNcif;udk Nzpfygw,f/

    ppftpdk;&[m 1997 ckeSpfu NynfolawGtwnfNyKcJYwJY taNccHOya'udk zsufodrf;NyD; taNccHOya'topfa&;qGJzdkU Nyifqifygw,f? taBumif;Nycsufu
    1997 taNccHOya'[m ygvDref'Drdkua&pD tmPm&Sifpepfudk Nzpfay:apw,f qdkygw,f/ wu,fawmU 1997 taNccHOya'[m xdkif;edkifiHrSm a&;qGJcJYzl;orQ taNccHOya'awGxJrSm NynfolU'Drdkua&pD tqefqHk; taNccHOya'Nzpfygw,f/ (xdkif;[m 1932 upNyD; 2007 txd taNccHOya'aygif; 18ckudk a&;qGJusifYoHk;cJYwmyg)/ 1997 taNccHOya'rSm awme,fawGrSm rJ0,fwJYpepf yaysmufatmif &nf&G,fNyD; *smrPDedkifiHrSm usifYoHk;aewJY a&maESma&G;cs,fa&;pepf (mixed electrol systerm) udkxnfUoGif;a&;qGJ xm;ygw,f/ 'Dpepft& ygvDreftrwf 500 ae&mtwGuf trwf 400 udkom Nynfolu wdkuf&kdufa&G;cs,f&NyD; usefwJY 100twGuf ygwDrsm;&JU tedkif&trwfta&twGufeJY pkpkaygif;&&SdwJY rJta&twGuf tay:rlwnfNyD; tcsKd;us wdkuf&kduf tvdkavQmuftrwfae&m &&Sdapygw,f/ 'gudk ygwDvpf party list awGvdkU ac:qdkygw,f/

    'gUtNyif vufodyfxdk;pnf;&kH;rSKawG rvkyfedkifatmif trwfavmif;[m bGJU&NyDom;Nzpf&r,f? NyD;awmU ygwD0ifawG[m tenf;qHk; &ufaygif;90 ygwD0ifoufwrf;&SdrSom a&G;aumufyGJ0ifedkifr,f qdkwJYtydk'fvnf;yg0ifygw,f/ aemufNyD; rBumcP vTwfawmfzsufodrf;ae&wJY tNzpfuaevGwfaNrmufapzdkUeJY tpdk;&tzGJYcdkifrmawmufwif;NyD; tiftm;&SdapzdkU &nf&G,fNyD; ygvDreftwGif; trwf500xJrS trwf 200&JU axmufcHcsuf&rSom tpdk;&eJY 0efBuD;csKyftay:t,HkBunfr&Sdtqdkudk wifoGif;edkifr,f qdkwJYtydk'fudk xJUoGif;xm;ygw,f/

    txl;Ncm;qHk;uawmU xdkif;edkifiHa&;rSm rusifUoHk;zl;wJY txufvTwfawmf senate eJY ygvDref 2ckxm;&SdwJY bicameral pepfudk pwifusifYoHk;apwmygbJ/ 'Dpepft& qDedwfwm [mbGJY&NyD;om; ygwDedkifiHa&;eJY uif;&Sif&rnfUolNzpfNyD; oufwrf;u 6ESpf&Sdygw,f/ qDedwfwmudk 0efBuD;csKyfu NzKwfydkifcGifYr&Sdyg/ qDedwfwm &JUvkyfydkifcGifYu Oya'udk NyifqifNcif;eJY twnfNyKNcif;om NzpfNyD; tqdkNyKcGifYuawmU ygvDrefrefbmawG&JU tvkyfNzpfygw,f/ 'DygvDrefeJY qDedwftrwf 3yHk 2yHk&SdrS awmf0ifADwdk (bk&if&JUtmPm) udky,fzsufedkifygw,f/

    &GmolBuD;? wdkufe,folBuD;? NrdKUtkyfcsKyfa&; pwmawGudk tpdk;&ucefYtyfwmrsKd;rvkyf&bJ? NynfolawGudk wdkuf&kdufa&G;aumuf wifaNrmufapygw,f/ 'Dtcsuf[m ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm tNrpfwG,faecJYwJY aNr&Sifya'o&mZftkyfcsKyfa&;- om;pOfaNr;quftkyfcsKyfa&; pepfudk vHk;0zsufodrf;ypfvdkufedkifapcJYygw,f/

    'gYtNyif tpdk;&tzGJY0if0efBuD;awG[m ygvDreftrwf rNzpf&ygbl;? tu,f
    NzpfaecJYr,fqdk&if trwfb0rS EkwfxGufay;&ygr,f/ 'D1997 taNccHOya'&JU txif&Sm;qHk;eJY vlBudKuftrsm;qHk;u vlom;tcGifYa&;udk tNynfYt0ay;xm;Ncif;ygbJ/ vGwfvyfpGm a&;om;rSK? aNymqdkrSK? ,HkBunfrSK? pk&kH;qENyrSKawGudk w&m;Oya'eJY twnfNyKNyXmef;xm;ay;ygw,f/ w&m;rQwNcif;udkvnf; tmrcHcsufay;xm;ovdk? omwlnDrQrSKudkvnf; twdtvif;ausnmxm;ygw,f/ usm;-r omrubJ wwd,vdif (taNcmuf-a,muFsm;&Sm) awGawmif omwlnDrQrSK ay;xm;ygw,f/ cspfp&mtaumif;qHk;u ykvdyfeJY tmPmydkiftzGJYpnf;&JU 0&rf;rygbJ zrf;qD;ppfaq; &SmazGcGifYudk wm;NrpfuefYowfxm;Ncif;ygbJ/ 48em&DxufydkNyD; tNypfr&SdbJxdrf;odrf;wmrsKd;rvkyf&? ppfaq;pOfumvtwGif; eSdyfpufrSK&Sdygu w&m;pGJedkifw,f qdkwmrsKd;vdk uRefawmfwdk NrefrmNynfrSm tdrfrufawmif rufcGifYr&SdwJY Oya'rsKd; 'D1997 taNccHOya'rSm NyXmef;xm;ygw,f/

    'gqdk bmvdkU'Davmufaumif;rGefNyD; NynfolawGudkwifNynfYBuyfNynfY 'Drdkua&pDeJY vlUtcGifYa&;tmrcHwJU Oya'udk ppfwyfuzsufodrf;&wmvnf;qdkawmU ppfwyfu &kd;&kd;av;bJ aNzygw,f ]]'DtaNccHOya'[m &nf&G,fcsufaumif;ayrJY tm;enf;csufawGaBumifY ygvDref'Drdkua&pD tmPm&Sifpepf
    Tyranny of marjority OR Parliamentary dictatorship udk ay:aygufapygw,f? tck0efBuD;csKyfa[mif; wufqifudk BunfYygwJY}}

    quf&ef ...

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  2. #12
    VIMC r[m;',m; Cupid   mokenlay is on a distinguished road mokenlay's Avatar
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    Default tydkif; 11

    1997 taNccHOya'&JU t"dutm;enf;csufuawmU NynfolawGu tpdk;&awGwzGJYNyD;wzGJY NyKwfusoGm;vdkuf a&G;aumufyGJtopfawG cPcPNyefvkyfvdkufeJY ygvDreftwGif; pum;&nfvkae&if; tcsdefukefBuwJY edkifiHa&;orm;awGudk pdwfukefvmNyD; tm;aumifwJYtpdk;&tzGJYudk awmifYwvmBuwJYtwGuf tm;aumif;wJY tpdk;&tzGJU Nzpfatmif &nf&G,fNyD; a&;qGJxm;wJYtcsufbJ Nzpfw,f/
    'DUtwGuf trwf200ausmfaxmufcHrSK&rSom tpdk;&eJY 0efBuD;csKyftay:t,HkBunfr&Sd tqdkudk wifoGif;cGifY&rSmNzpfw,f qdkwJYtydk'f&,f 0efBuD;csKyftaeeJY tmPmtNynfYt0oHk;edkifatmif 0efBuD;awG[m ygvDreftrwfrNzpf&bl; qdkwm&,fudk xJYoGif;a&;qGJxm;ygw,f? 'kwd,tcsuf[m twdwfu nTefYaygif;tpdk;&tqufquf 0efBuD;ae&mvk&if; NydKuGJcJY&wmawGudk oifcef;pm,lNyD; ausmfvTm;edkifapzdkU qdkwJY &nf&G,f&if;yg/

    'gayrJU 'DtcsufawG[m 2001 a&G;aumufyGJrSm wufqif&JU TTLTygwD trwfae&mtrsm;pk &&SdcJYwJYtNyif rJta&twGuftrsm;BuD; &cJYvdkU ygwDvpfae&mawGvnf; trsm;BuD; ydkifqdkifvmcJUwJY tcgrSmawmU taumif;qHk;&nfrSef;xm;csufu tqdk;qHk;taNcaeudk qdkufa&mufoGm;apygawmUw,f/ vTwfawmftwGif;rSm wufqif&JUTLT[m trwfae&m 3yHk 2yHk eD;yg;&&SdcJYwJYtNyif txufvTwfawmfrSm qDedwfwm trsm;pkuvnf; wufqifeJY ruif;&Sif;olawGNzpfaeawmU ygvDrefeJYqD;edwfa&m w&m;&kH;csKyfudkyg wufqifuodrf;ydkufvdkufedkifygw,f/ 'DawmU wufqifeJYolUtpdk;&udk t,HktBunfr&Sd tqdkudkwifoGif;zdkUqdkwm tawmfcufcJwJY udp&yfNzpfoGm;NyD; acwftqufquf NydKifbufBuD;awGNzpfwJY 'Drdku&ufeJY xdkif;trsKd;om;-csufxdkif;ygwD[m wcgrSr&zl;wJY nDnTwfa&;&atmif,lNyD;? ygvDreftwGif; wufqif&JU TLT udkNyefwdkufedkifzdkU tNyif;txefBudK;pm;ayrJY r&cJYBuygbl;/ tpdk;&tzGJUtwGif;rSmvnf; edkifiHa&;ausmaxmuftiftm;pk r&SdwJYolawGudk 0efBuD;ae&mawGay;xm;awmU wufqif&JY BoZm[m tpdk;&tzGJYtwGif;trSm tifrweft&rf;BuD;rm;ygw,f/

    taNccHOya't& qDedwfeJY w&m;&kH;csKyfqdkwm[m 0efBuD;csKyf&JUtmPmudk uefUowfxdrf;ausmif;edkifzdkUyg? 'gayrJU edkifiHa&;ygwD0ifrNzpf&qdkwJY qDedwfwmtrsm;pk[m ygwDbuf*a&mif;r&SdawmU rJqG,fyGJrSm oHk;cJYBuwJY "etiftm;eJY ywfowfNyD; pD;yGm;a&;t& wufqif&JY BoZmruif;olawGbJ trwfNzpfvmBuw,f/ wcg
    w&m;&kH;csKyf 15OD;rSm 7OD;uw&m;olBuD;rsm;NzpfNyD; 8OD;u qDedwfwmawGxJu a&G;cs,f&ygw,f? 'DrSmvnf; w&m;&kH;[m 0efBuD;csKyf&JU BoZmudk rvGefqefedkifwJY w&m;&kH;csKyfNzpfvmygava&m/ 'DvdkeJY xdkif;awG ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm BuHKawGUvmcJY&NyD; tvGefaBumuf&GHrkef;wD;aewJY tmPm&Sif[m olwdkUtNrJwrf; pdk;&drfae&wJY vufeufudkifwyfzGJYrsm;qDrS ay:vmwm r[kwfbJ taNccHOya't& a&G;aumuf&mrS ay:vmygawmUw,f/ (*smrPDu [pfwvm? tDwvDu rlqdkvdkeD? zdvdydkifu rm;udkpf eJY AifeDZGJvm;u [l*dk;csDAmufZf wdkUvnf; 'DvdkbJ a&G;aumufyGJeJU wufvmwJY tmPm&SifawGyg) tm;aumif;wJUtpdk;&udk arQmfvifYwJY xdkif;NynfolawGawmU tpdk;&tm;aumif;&if tmPm&SifNzpfoGm;ygvm; qdkwJY oifcef;pmtopfudk &oGm;BuwmaygY (tmqD,HedkifiHtm;vHk;rSm tmPm&Sif 'grSr[kwf tmPm&SifqefwJY tpdk;&awGom tkyfcsKyfaewmyg? aNym&r,fqdk&if tmqD,HeJY tmPm&Sif[m zGm;zufawmfvdkUawmU ,lqvdkU&edkifr,fxifw,f)


    xdkif;NynfolawG[m acwftqufquf BuHKawGcHpm;vmcJY&wJY tmPm&Sifpepfudk &GH&SmNiD;aiGUaeolawGyg? 'DpepfuaevGwfaNrmufzdkU tBudrfBudrfvnf; BudK;pm;cJYBu&Smw,f/ ordkif;wavQmuf xdkif;edkifiH[m 1932 ESpf 'Drdkua&pDawmfvSefa&;upNyD ppftmPm&SifpepfeJY ESpfyg;oGm;vmcJY&wJY edkifiHNzpfw,f/ &mr7 bk&if z&mUapwDaygY udkpOf;rsOf;cHNzpfapwJY 1932 aoG;rpGef;wJY awmfvSefa&;&JU&nf&G,fcsuf[m NynfolU'Drdkua&pD edkifiHawmfxlaxmifa&; Nzpfygw,f? tJ'Dwkef;u acgif;aqmifwa,mufNzpfwJY edkify&D'D[m &DygUyvpfuef (orw0g'D) wa,mufNzpfayrJU aemufacgif;aqmifwOD;NzpfwJY AdkvfcsKyfBuD;zDabmqGefu&rfuawmU tJ'Dtcsdefu t&rf;acwfpm;cJYwJY rlqdkvDeD&JU tDwvDzufqpfpepfudk tm;uscJYygw,f/ tm;usovdkvnf; zDabmqGefu&rf[m bk&ifYudk tqifYedrfYNyD; trsKd;om;tmPm&Sifpepfudk xlaxmifygw,f? 'kwd,urmppfNzpfawmU zDabm&JU trsKd;om;tmPm&Sifzufqpfpepf[m *syefeJYaygif;NyD; ydktouf0ifvmcJYygw,f? 'Dpepf&JU t"du om;aumifawGuawmU &mr 3 vufxufuwnf;u edkifiHpD;yGm;udk csKyfudkifxm;wJY w&kwfvlrsKd;awGygbJ/ w&kwfawG[m zDabmqGefu&rfvufxufrSm tawmf'kua&mufcJYBuw,f/ ypnf;OpmawGtodrf;cH&wm towfcH&wm? vlrsKd;a&;cGJNcm;qufqHcH&wmwdkU tvl;tvJcHcJY&&Smygw,f/

    'kwd,urmppftNyD;rSm tar&dueftaxmuftyHUeJY awmf0iftEG,f qGefeDygrdkU eJY edkify&D'D[m edkifiHudk NynfolU'Drdkua&pDpepfeJY NyefvnfxlaxmifzdkU BudK;pm;cJYygw,f? 'gayrJY qGefygrdkU[m awmf0ifeef;aoG;NzpfNyD; bk&ifpepfcsKyfNidrf;oGm;udk pdk;&drfaecJYNyD; edkify&D'DuawmU orw*dkPf;om;NzpfwJYtNyif vuf0J,drf;olyg/ 'Dvdkvuf0Jvuf,m vGefqGJaepOfrSmbJ urmppfat;acwfeJY BuHKcJY&w,f/ 'DtcsdefrSm olU&JU'dkrDedKoDtdk&Dt& xdkif;edkifiHrSm cdkifrmwJY tpdk;&tzGJUudkvdkcsifaewJY tar&duef&JU axmufcHcsufeJY AdkvfcsKyfBuD; zDabmqGefu&rf tmPmNyef&vmw,f/ 'DwcgrSmawmU zDabm[m bk&ifY*dkPf;om;awGeJY aygif;NyD; ppfwyfausmaxmufaemufcHeJY bk&ifudk a&SmufoltoGif yGJxGufvmcJYygw,f/ tJ'DtcsdefupNyD; bk&if[m edkifiHawmf&JU wHqdyfNzpfw,f? bk&ifr&Sd&if edkifiHawmfr&Sdbl;t,ltqeJY bk&ifudka&SUwef;wifwJY ppftmPm&Sifpepf ay:vmygawmUw,f/ aemufydkif;rSm ppfwyftmPm&SifawG&JU 0g'NzefYcsDrSK atmifNrifwm&,f? ynm&SdwJY bk&ifblrdabm&JU NynfolawGta&;udk tav;xm; vkyfaqmifwmawG&,faBumifY bk&if[m NynfolUESvHk;om;xJ a&mufoGm;ovdk? ppfat;acwfavQmufvHk; uGefNrLepfawGeJY ,SOfqdkifrSKwdkif;rSm ppftmPm&SifBuD;awG[m bk&ifUudk umuG,fapmifYa&SmufolawG wdkif;Nynfudk vSnfYzsm;xdrf;odrf;edkifcJUygw,f/ uGefNrLepfawGudk &ifqdkifae&wJY tar&duef&JU axmufyHUrSK&,f? omrefNynfolawGtNrifrSm ppfwyf[m bk&ifYudk a&Smufaew,f qdkwJYtod&,faBumifY tmPm&Sifpepfudk wGef;vSefwJU xdkif;ynmwwfawG&JU aNray:aNratmuf 'Drdkua&pD wdkufyGJ0ifrSKawGudk ppftmPm&SifawGu ESdrfeif;cH&wm xdkif;Nynfoltrsm;pku *&kPmoufayrJY us,favmifwJY toHeJYuefYuGufwmrsKd; r&SdcJYbl;/ 'gayrJU ausmif;om;awG ynmwwfawG[m t&SKH;ray;bJ 'DppftmPm&Sifpepfudk toufaoG;acR;awG pGefYvdkU q,fpkepfaygif;rsm;pGm vufqifYurf; qufvufwdkufyGJ0ifcJUBuw,f/ aemufqHk; 1992 'Drdkua&pDqENyawGuaewqifY ppftmPm&SifBuD;awGudk NynfolUtm;eJY tmPmyvifxufu wGef;csedkifcJYNyD; aemufqHk;Nynfolw&yfvHk; rGwfrGwfodyfodyf awmif;wcJYwJY wif;NynfYusyfNynfY 'Drdkua&pD&&SdcHpm;aprJY 1997 taNccHOya'udk a&;qGJedkifcJYwmyg/

    'DvdkppftmPm&Sif pepfudk ESpfaygif;rsm;pGm wdkufzsufvmNyD;rS &&SdcJYwJY toD;tyGifY 1997 taNccHOya'udk ppfwyfu zsufodrf;NyD; taNccHOya'topfa&;qGJr,fqdkawmU vlwdkif;u ppftpdk;&u BuD;rSL;a&;qGJrJU taNccHOya'topfudk pdk;&drfwBuD;apmifYBunfYBuygw,f/ ppftpdk;&[m yxrtdrfapmifYtpdk;& taNccHOya'udk NyXmef;NyD; Bum;Nzwftpdk;&zGJYpnf;ygw,f? NyD;rS tNrJwrf;taNccHOya'udk a&;qGJapygw,f/ 'Dppftpdk;&BuD;rSL;a&;qGJwJY taNccHOya'uvnf; rlBurf;a&;qGJrJY NynfolUudk,fpm;vS,fawG cefYtyfuwnf;u a0befoHawGeJY pcJYygw,f/ wu,fwef;vnf; a0befolawG a0bef&avmufatmifudk udk,fpm;vS,fawmfBuD;awG a&G;cs,frSKu tvGef&SkyfaxG;ayGvDcJYw,f/ yxrppftpdk;&u olwdkUoabmus udk,fpm;vS,favmif 2000 udka&G;cs,fcJYw,f? 'Dvdka&G;cs,f&mrSm edkifiHa&;orm;rNzpfa&;u t"duusw,f/ 'Dudk,fpm;vS,fawG[m Oya'ynm&SifawG? wwfodynm&SifawG? pD;yGm;a&;orm;awG? ppfAdkvfa[mif;awG NAL&kdu&ufa[mif;BuD;awGvdkUqdkygw,f/ 'Dudk,fpm;vS,favmif; 2000 [m tcsif;csif; rJ3rJpD ay;NyD; udk,fpm;vS,f 100 udk wywftwGif; a&G;cs,f&r,f? wywftwGif; ra&G;edkif&if ppfwyfu olwdkUzmomolwdkUa&G;,lr,f/ 'Dvl 100eJY aemufxyf ppfwyfua&G;cs,fol 100[m taNccHOya'rlBurf;udk a&;qGJ&ygw,f/

    a0befolawGu ppftpdk;&a&G;wJY tNccHOya'a&;qGJa&; aumfr&SifrSm yg0ifolawGxJrSm wdkif;Nynf&JU t"dutiftm;NzpfwJY v,form; eJY tvkyform; udk,fpm;vS,fawG ryg0ifbl;? NyD;awmU tmPmodrf;acgif;aqmif AdkvfcsKyfBuD; qGefxdbGefnm&ufuvif u ta&;BuD; tydk'ftcsKdYudk *dkufvdkif;awGay;NyD; rNzpfraexJYoGif; a&;qGJapw,f/ NzpfoifYwmu Nynfolvlxku udk,fwdkifa&G;cs,fxm;wJY udk,fpm;vS,fawGuom taNccHOya'udk a&;qGJapoifYw,f? 'gaBumifY a&G;aumufyGJudk tNrefqHk;usif;yay;oifYw,fvdkU awmif;qdkBuygw,f/ 'Dvdkawmif;qdkwJYtxJrSm tmPm&SifpepfqefYusifwdkufyGJ0ifwdkif; xdyfqHk;u ae&m,lavY&SdwJY xrqyfwuodkvfeJY wufqif&JUZmwd csif;rdkifNrdKUu csif;rdkifwuodkvfwdkUyg0ifygw,f/ 'gayrJU ppftpdk;& NynfolUudk,fpm;vS,fawG a&;qGJxm;wJY 1997 taNccHOya'&JUtm;enf;csufudk axmufNyNyD; y,fcscJYygw,f/

    'gayrJY 'DwcgtmPmodrf;wJY ppfacgif;aqmif[m yk*dKvftm;enf;csufeJY udk,fwdkifudk,fu tmPm&SifrvkyfcsifwJUol NzpfaeNcif;u xdkif;awGtwGuf uHaumif;apygw,f/ AdkvfcsKyfBuD; qGef'DbGefnm&yfuvif[m bmoma&;t& rGwfqvifbmom0ifNzpfNyD; vlrsKd;a&;t& ygoQm; (tD&ef)-xdkif; uNym;yg/ 'DtwGuf vlOD;a&&JU 70%ausmfu Ak'bmom0ifawGNzpfaewJY xdkif;rSm acgif;aqmifvkyfzdkU rNzpfedkifcJYovdk qGef'D[m tmPmudkrrufarmbJ touf60NynfYwmeJY xdkif;Oya't& 0efxrf;b0rS &J&JBuD; yifpif,lcJYwJYolyg/ (olyifpif,lcsdef[m olOD;aqmifwJY ppfwyfu wufqifvufxJrS tmPmodrf;xm;wJY tcsdefNzpfygw,f/ tcsKdUuvnf; qGef'DaemufuG,frSm bk&ifeJY y&ifqlvmEGef'g BudK;qGJaew,fvdkU aNymBuygw,f/)


    quf&ef ....
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  3. #13
    Sneaking Lookout what is life???   yzg is on a distinguished road yzg's Avatar
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    Default

    'DtaMumif;t&mrsm;udk qufjyD; a&;csifwJhtwGuf x&uf'f oyfoyfcGJay;bdkU udkarmfuif;&JU
    arw
    m&yfcHcsuft& cGJay;vdkufygw,f/

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    ydkjyD; oabmaygufygvdrhfr,f/

    aus;Zl;ygcifAsm; ...... /



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    VIMC r[m;',m; Cupid   mokenlay is on a distinguished road mokenlay's Avatar
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    Default tydkif; 12

    aus;Zl;ygbJ tudk&Gmpm;

    awmf0ifrdom;eJYppfwyf ausmaxmufaemufcHNyKxm;wJY tNidrf;pm;AdkvfcsKyfBuD; qlvmEGwfcsLvm&Gwf&JU tdrfapmifYtpdk;&[m 2007 'DZifbm 23rSm oefU&Sif;NyD; vGwfvyfwJY NynfvHk;uRwfa&G;aumufyGJudk usif;yay;cJYygw,f/

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    Ny&SkwfcsaerSK[m 2008 ZlvdkifvrSm qrwftpdk;&u a&S;crmwdkU&JU [dELbk&m;ausmif;a[mif; -z&mU0d[mrf udk urmUtarGtESpftNzpf ,leufpudkxHrSm uarm'D;,m;tpdk;&u wifoGif;avQmufxm;wmudk axmufcHvdkufwJYtcgrSm ydkrdkNyif;xefvmygw,f/
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    'gayrJU wufqifvufxufrSm wufqif[m uar
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    [m PAD awG&JU rD'D,mtm;aBumifY wu,fYtrsKd;om;ta&;BuD; NzpfvmNyD;? rdrdwdkU e,faNrudk vufvTwftqHk;&SLH;cHoltNzpf qrwf&JU edkifiHNcm;a&;0efBuD;udk wdkufcdkufygawmUw,f/

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    quf&ef-
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    VIMC r[m;',m; Cupid   mokenlay is on a distinguished road mokenlay's Avatar
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    Default tydkif; 13

    'DvdkeJY ZlvdkifvrSm qrwftpdk;&&JU edkifiHNcm;a&;0efBuD; emy'GefygYwrm [m uarm'D;,m;&JU a&S;a[mif;bk&m;ausmif;udk urmUa&S;a[mif;tarGtESpf tNzpf ,leufpudkrSm wifoGif;wmudk axmufcHvufrSwfa&;xdk;rSKeJY wm0ef&Sdw,fqdkwJY pGwfpGJcsufeJY &mxl;u ekwfxGufay;vdkuf&ygawmUw,f/ (wu,fawmU emy'GefygYwrm[m wufqif&JU edkifiHa&; pD;yGm;a&; Oya'tBuHay;wa,mufyg)

    'gYtNyif w&m;&kH;rSm trSK&ifqdkifae&wJY wufqifwdkU vifr,m;2a,mufxJu r,m;Nzpfol yGwf*srm&SDem0wf[m befaumufNrdKU&JU tcsufcsmuswJY ae&mu edkifiHydkifaNrudk 0,f,lcJY&mrSm cifyGef;Nzpfol&JU &mxl;tmPmudk tvGJoHk;pm;NyKcJYw,f qdkwJYpGJcsufrSm &SKH;edrfYNyD; w&m;&kH;csKyfu axmif'Pf3ESpf csrSwfNcif;cHvdkuf&ygw,f/

    'gawG[m wufqifudk qrwftpdk;&u tumuG,fray;edkifbl;qdkwm xif;&Sm;apygw,f/ 'geJU olU&JU tem*gwf[m xdkif;NynfwGif;rSmae&if taNcrvSawmUbl;qdkwm &dyfpm;rdwJY wufqif[m olUZeD;eJYtwl yDuif;tdkvHypf oGm;a&mufBunfY&SKU&eftwGuf tmrcHeJY w&m;&kH;rSm avQmufxm;NyD; edkifiHuxGufcGmcJYum yGJtNyD;rSm wdkif;NynfodkU rNyefawmUbJ vef'efudk xGufaNy;ygawmUw,f/

    'DvdkxGufaNy;zdkU tpdk;&u tBuHay;w,fqdkwJY owif;awGeJYtwl pum;aNymrwwfbl;vdkU tifrwefemrnfqdk;wJY qrwfu 'DvdkedkifiHtNyifxGufoGm;wm vuf&SdtBuyftwnf;udk avQmUyg;apr,f qdkwJYpum;aBumifY wufqifqefYusifa&; PAD tzGJY[m tpdk;&qefYusifa&; qE
    NyyGJudk ydkrdkt&SdefNrSifY vkyfaqmifvmygw,f/
    qrwfu olU&JU Nynfoltiftm;ygwDudk pwifxlaxmifcJYpOfu wufqif&JU axmufyHUrSKeJY vTrf;rdk;rSK &Sdaumif;&SdcJYayrJU tck[m trlaqmiftzGJYtopf ygwDtopf acgif;aqmiftopfeJYrdkU wufqifeJU bmrSrqdkifbl;/ ol[mwufqif&JU &kyfao;0efBuD;csKyfr[kwfbl;? olUordkif;wavQmufrSm b,folU&JU BudK;qGJNcif;udkrS rcHcJYbl; qdkwm vlwdkif;todyg? tckvnf; olUtpdk;&udk tpdk;&&JU bwf*sufeJU &oHk;aiG pm&if;xkwfNyefwJU tcsdeftxd olUudkapmifYBunfUay;Buyg? olUtpdk;& tvkyfvkyfwm wdk;wufrSKrNybl;qdk&if olekwfxGufay;ygYr,fvdkU aNymayrJU twdkuftcHtzGJYawGu olUudktcsdefray;yJ csufcsif;ekwfxGufay;zdkUudkom wdkufwGef;qE
    NyBuygw,f/

    wufqifeJYrdom;pku NAdwdefrSm edkifiHa&;cdkvSKHcGifUawmif;awmUr,fqdkNyD; toHawGxGufvmwJY Bo*kwfvaeSmif;ydkif;rSmawmU PAD &JU vSKyf&Sm;rSKawG ydkrdkNyif;xefvmNyD; 26&ufaeUrSm qE
    NyvltkyfBuD;[m ppfyGJBuD;wyGJwdkufovdk AsL[mawGcsrSwfNyD; 0efBuD;csKyf&kH;? tpdk;&&kyfNrifoHBum;Xme eJY tNcm; 0efBuD;Xme 3ckudk wNydKifeuf 0ifa&mufpD;eif;odrf;ydkufvdkufBuygw,f/ tpdk;&&kyfoHXmerS wNynfvHk;udk wifvTifYNyozdkU BudK;pm;ayrJU ratmifNrifbJ tNcm;0efBuD;Xme3ckeJYtwl naeydkif;rSm NyefvnfvufvTwfvdkufygw,f/ 'gayrJU 0efBuD;csKyf&kH;udkawmU qufvufxdrf;odrf; wyfpGJxm;ygw,f/

    w&m;&kH;u qE
    NyrSKudk OD;aqmifol AdkvfrSL;csKyfa[mif; usefravmifpD&Dar; eJY rD'D,molaX;BuD; qGefxDaxmifpul tyg0if acgif;aqmifudk;a,mufudk edkifiHawmftaqmuftOD;udk 0ifa&mufpD;eif;odrf;ydkufrSKeJU zrf;0&rf;xkwfvdkufayrJU vlxkBuD;u 0ef;&Ha&SmufaewmaBumifY &Jrsm;u 0ifa&mufzrf;qD;vdkU r&bl;Nzpfaeygw,f/
    Bo*kwf29rSmawmU PAD [m rD;&xm;eJY e,fNrdKUrsm;&JU avqdyfudk 0ef;&HydwfqdkUxm;vdkufBuwJYtNyif 0efBuD;csKyfqrwfrEkwfxGuf&if 0efBuD;XmeawGudk rD;eJYa& Nzwfypfr,fvdkUvnf; Ncdrf;aNcmufygw,f/

    twdkuftcHawG pGwfpGJcsifp&maumif;avmufatmif qrwftpdk;&u wufqifeJU rdom;pkudk umuG,fawGvnf;awGY&ygw,f? Oyrm-wufqifrdom;pkudkifxm;wJU xdkif;ywfpydkpfUudk &yfqdkif;ypfzdkU eJY 2EdkifiHoHwrefqufqHa&; t&rf;aumif;aewJU NAdwdefedkifiHudk &mZ0wfom; NyefydkUay;zdkU rawmif;qdkwmawG Nzpfygw,f/ (xdkif;eJY NAdwdef 2edkifiH &mZ0wfom; tNyeftvSef zrf;qD;ydkUaqmif;a&; pmcsKyfawmU csKyfxm;wmrsKd;r&Sdygbl;)
    qrwfeJY olU&JUygwD0iftrwfawGuawmU 'DqE
    NyrSKaemufuG,frSm todkif;0dkif;BuD;wckeJY 'Drdku&ufygwD 0ifa&mufywfowfaew,fvdkU pGwfpGJygw,f/ olwdkUqdkvdkwJY todkif;t0dkif;qdkwm awmf0ifrdom;pkudk qdkvdkwmyg/

    0efBuD;csKyf&kH;udk odrf;NyD;rBumcifrSmbJ 0efBuD;csKyfqrwfu edkifiHawmfta&;ay:taNcaeudk ausNimygw,f/ wu,fawmU ppfwyfudk Ny
    emxJ qGJxnfYwmyg? 'gayrJU ppfwyfu 'g[m edkifiHa&;NyemNzpfw,f? edkifiHa&;orm;awG aNz&Sif;&rJU udpNzpfw,f? tvum;ae&if; ppfwyfu vlrkef;rcHedkifawmUbl;? NyD;awmU tmPmvnf; rodrf;csifawmUbl;? NiD;aiGYvSygNyD tmPmodrf;wmeJU tqJcH&wmeJY rumrdbl; qdkwJYoabmeJU cyfrqdwfaevdkufygw,f/

    'Dvdkppfwyfu 'Dvdk0efBuD;csKyf&JU wm0efay;wmudk vufrcHwm[m awmf0ifrdom;pkaBumifYvdkU a0befolawGu qdkBuayrJU Bo*kwf 30 &ufaeUrSm 0efBuD;csKyfqrwf[m bk&ifBuD;eJY bk&ifBuD;&JU yifv,ftyef;aNzpcef; [Gm[ifrSm awGYqHkNyD;wJYaemuf usLyfb,fawmUrSrekwfxGufbl;? 'DuaeU bk&ifBuD;eJY awGYNyD; tNzpftysufawGudk aNymNyNyD;NyD; ]]ol usLyfudk bmrSra0befbl; 'g[m usLyftvkyfqufvkyf&OD;r,f qdkwJY oabmbJvdkU}} owif;orm;awG aNymygw,f/ 'gayrJU pufwifbmv 9&ufaeUusawmU vTwfawmfw&m;&kH;u 0efBuD;csKyfqrwf[m edkifiHawmf0efBuD;csKyf &mxl;xrf;aqmifaewJYtcsdefrSm wzufrSvnf; wDAGDaBumfnmrSm aBumfNima&; tvkyfudk qufvkyfaew,f? 'gaBumifY taNccHOya'yg 0efBuD;rsm;[m udk,fydkifpD;yGm;a&; rvkyf&bl;qdkwJY tydk'feJY NidpGef;w,f qdkwJY tcsufeJU qrwfudk 0efBuD;csKyftNzpfu NzKwfypfvdkufygw,f/

    ('Dudp
    [m &Dp&mvnf;aumif;ovdk qifNcifp&mvnf; aumif;ygw,f/ qrwf[m NrdKUawmf0ef&mxl;u tem;,lNyD;aemufydkif;rSm xdkif;wDADGcs,fe,f 3 &JU reuf 4em&DcGJ pm;Bur,fa[U aumif;aumif; tpDpOfrSm [if;csufenf;awG wifqufavY&Sdygw,f/ 'Dvdkwifquf&if; [dkqdkifu 'Dtpm;pmav;[m b,fvdkaumif;w,f usKyfNzifY b,fvdkpGJoGm;w,f aNymNywwfygw,f? pm;aomufqdkif ausNimwmaygY/ pmaomufqdkifawGu pyGefqmaygYav/ 'gudk a0befolawGu axmufNyaewm BumygNyD? 'gayrJU touf70ausmfNyD;NzpfwJY 0efBuD;csKyftdk[m tvGefacgif;rmNyD; pum;udkvnf; a&UaemufrpOf;pm; *GwdkufaNymwwfolyDyD ]]bmNzpfvJ usKyf0goemygvdkU usKyfvkyfwm rauseyf&ifvJaoaygY? a0befwJYolawGu qDvdktayguf&Sma0befw,f wavmuaNymu bmwJY usLyf[m touf70ausmfNyDwJY 0efBuD;csKyfvkyfzdkU toufBuD;aeNyDwJY tckcifAsm;wdkBunfY usKyfvrf;avQmufwm wkefaeovm;? twGJtrSDvdkaeovm; ..tvum; vdkufaNymaeBuwm? usLyfu'gawGudk tcsdefukefcHNyD; *&krpdkufbl; edkifiHtwGuf tvkyfvkyfp&m trsm;BuD;&Sdaew,f}} vdkU NyefaNymzl;ygw,f/ qrwf[m tNrifUa&mufav avwdkufcH&avrdkU tNrpfcdkifrcdkifeJY eG,fywfrywfqdkwmudk BudKrwGufqxm;wm olUtrSm;ygbJ)


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  6. #16
    VIMC r[m;',m; Cupid   mokenlay is on a distinguished road mokenlay's Avatar
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    Default tydkif; 14

    0efBuD;csKyf qrwfqGefaxmf&m0ufudk vTwfawmfw&m;&kH;u 0efBuD;csKyfusifU0wfodumeJY rnDbl;qdkNyD; NzKwfypfvdkufNyD;wJYaemufrSm tpdk;&tzGJUudk 'k0efBuD;csKyf qGefcsKdif0kefq0*fu ,m,D0efBuD;csKyftNzpf qufvufacgif;aqmifygw,f/ (qGefcsKdif&JU ZeD;[m wufqif&JU nDrt&if; ,dk0zm0kefq0*f yg/ ,dk0zm[m wufqif&JU ygwDa[mif; TLT rSm tqifYNrifY acgif;aqmif ygvDreftrwfwOD;NzpfNyD; xdkif;edkifiHa&;avmurSm xufNrufwJY trsKd;orD;wa,mufvdkU xif&Sm;ygw,f? 'gayrJU a&G;aumufyGJrormrSKeJU TLT ygwD tydwfcH&NyD; edkifiHa&;orm;wcsKdUudk edkifiHa&;eJY 5ESpf ywfowfrSKr&Sdap&qdkwJY w&m;&kH;qHk;Nzwft& vuf&SdedkifiHa&;awmU vkyfcGifYr&Sdygbl; 'gayrJU a0befolawGu wufqufr&SdwJY xdkif;edkifiHrSm vuf&Sd PPP ygwD&JU t"duay:vpDrdwfum[m olrbJvdkU qdkBuygw,f/)

    pufwifbm 10&ufaeY 0efBuD;csKyftopf a&G;cs,fwifaNrmufa&; ygvDreftwGif; pnf;a0;BuwJYtcg? xHk;pHtwdkif; ygvDrefrSm vuf&Sdtrwfae&mtrsm;qHk;ygwDNzpfwJY PPP ygwDuom 0efBuD;csKyftrnf wifoGif;&rSmNzpfayrJU 'kwd,trwfae&mtrsm;qHk;NzpfwJY twdkuftcH 'Drdku&ufygwDu vufOD;rSK,lNyD; olwdkU&JU acgif;aqmif tbdppf0dcsmcsD0 udk 0efBuD;tNzpf trnfwifoGif;vdkufygw,f/ olwdkU&JU taBumif;Nycsufu 'Drdku&ufygwDOD;aqmifwJU tpdk;&rSomvQif vuf&SdedkifiHa&;tusyftwnf;udk aNz&Sif;ay;edkifr,f vdk qdkygw,f? 'gudk PPP ygwDu oydwfarSmufNyD; ygvDrefxJu xGufcGmoGm;Buovdk? 'Drdku&ufawG[m olwdkUr&Jw&J arQmfvifYxm;ovdk tv,ftvwfygwDi,fawG&JU axmufcHrSKudkvnf; r&cJYBuygbl;/

    'Dae&mrSm tv,ftvwfygwDawGtaBumif;eJY &yfwnfcsufudk aNymzdkUvdkvmygw,f/ ppfwyfeJY awmf0ifrdom;pk ausmaxmufaemufcH NyKxm;wJY 0efBuD;csKyfcsLvmEGwf&JU tdrfapmifYtpdk;&u usif;yay;wJY oefY&Sif;vGwfvyfwJY a&G;aumufyGJrSm PPP ygwDeJY 'Drdku&ufygwDu ygvDref&JU trwfae&m 438 rSm rJqE
    e,faNrtrsm;pk (ygwD 2ckaygif; trwfae&m 300 ausmf) edkifcJYBuayrJU tpdk;&zGJUedkifavmufatmif vHkavmufwJU rJqEe,faNr r&SdcJYBubl;/ edkifiH&JU tv,fydkif; ta&SUydkif;eJY ta&SUaNrmufydkif; awGudk taNcukwf,lxm;wJY a'ocHygwDawGuvnf; pkpkaygif; trwfae&m 100 eD;yg; tedkif&cJYBuwmrdkU 'DygwDi,fav;awGeJU yl;aygif;NyD; PPP ygwD[m tpdk;&tzGJUudk zGJUcJU&ygw,f/ 'DygwDawGxJrSmChart Thai (Thai National party) wckbJ ,cifedkifiHa&;tpOfvmBuD;cJYwJY ygwDNzpfNyD; usefwJY ygwDtrsm;pku wufqif&JU TLT ygwDxJu yJUxGufvmBuwJY ygwDi,fav;awG Nzpfygw,f/ 'DygwDi,fav;awG&JU acgif;aqmifawG[m ,cifwufqif&JU TLT ygwDacwfaumif;wkef;uvnf; tJ'DygwD&JU acgif;aqmifydkif;rSm wm0ef,lcJYBuolawGyg/

    tpOftvmBuD;wJY xdkif;trsKd;om;ygwDuvGJNyD;? 'DygwDav;awGtay: NrifwJY a0befolawG&JU tNrifrSm tNrif 2rsKd;&SdcJYygw,f/ tNrifwcku 'DygwDacgif;aqmifawG[m wufqifeJY TLT ygwDwGif;rSm oabmxm;uGJvGJcJYolawG NzpfvdkU ygwDopfaxmifwmNzpfNyD;? aemuftNrifwcku a&G;aumufyGJrSm AsL[mt& PPP ygwDudk axmufcHay;zdkU taNcukwfpcef;i,fav;awGudk cGJNyD;wm0ef,lwm (PPP ygwD&JU N*dKvf&HygwDrsm;) qdkwJY tNrifNzpfygbJ/

    wu,fawmU 'DygwDi,fav;awG[m ygwD0ifedkifiHa&;orm;awGuom tpOftvm&Sd 0g&ifYedkifiHa&;orm;awG NzpfaecJYBuygayrJU olwdkU&JUygwDawGuawmU cgawmfrSDygwDawGygbJ/ a&SUydkpfYawGrSm uRefawmfaNymzl;ovdkbJ ya'o&mZf&eHUruif;wJY xdkif;edkifiHa&;rSm aNr&SifaBu;&SifBuD;awG[m udk,fydkifrJqE
    e,faNrawG cdkifcdkifrmrm &SdBuw,f? 'DvlawG[m ygwDawG&JU tcGifYta&;ay;rSKudk BunfYNyD; [dkygwDaNymif; 'DygwDaNymif; wavQmufvHk;vkyfcJYBuw,f? ygwDomaNymif;om aNymif;oGm;r,f olwdkU&JU rJqEe,faNrudk vufvGwfvdkuf&wmrsKd; r&SdoavmufbJ/ edkifiHa&;rSm xm0&rdwfaqGr&Sd? xm0&&efolr&Sd xm0& tusKd;pD;yGm;om &Sdw,fqdkwm xdkif;edkifiHa&;rSmrS ydkrSefygw,f/ 'DaeU 'DygwDuae [dkygwDudkuavmqJaeayrJU reufzef tJ'DqJxm;wJY ygwDrSm ygwD0if NzpfcsifNzpfaewmrsKd;aygY/ 'gaBumifYvJ wufqifuolwdkUudk aumif;aumif;csKyfudkifedkifcJYwmyg/

    'gayrJU ygwD&yfwnfcsufrcdkifrmawmU 'DvlawG[m a&G;aumufyGJvkyfwdkif; olwdkUae&mNrJzdkU tNrJwdkif;usKd;pm;ae&avY &Sdygw,f? 'DawmU ygvDrefzsufodrf;cH&rSm olwdkU t&rf;pdk;wmaygY/ 'Dtcsufudk udkifNyD;awmUvnf; 'Drdku&ufygwDu ygvDrefzsufodrf;NyD; a&G;aumufyGJtopfNyefpzdkU wavQmufvHk;atmfaewmyg? avmavmqJ taexm;t& 'Drdku&uf&JU taNcaeutaygif;bufNyaewmudk;/ 'geJY 'DygwDi,fav;awG[m taNcaeudkododBuD;eJU tiftm;aumif;wJU PPP udk ZGwfrSdwf axmufcHaewmygbJ/

    pufwifbm 10&ufaeUrSm PPP u olwdkU&JU acgif;aqmif 0efBuD;csKyfa[mif; qrwfudkbJ 0efBuD;csKyftNzpf NyefvnfwifoGif;r,fvdkU xkwfNyefygw,f/ (NyifypD;yGm;a&;awG vkyfudkifaewmudk &yfvdkuf&if w&m;Oya't& qrwf[m 'kwd,tBudrf0efBuD;csKyftNzpf oufwrf;topf Nyefxrf;aqmifcGifY&Sdygw,f) 'gayrJU vlBudKuft&rf;eJaeNyD;NzpfwJU qrwftwGuf csufxdkif;acgif;aqmifwJY ygwDi,fav;awGu rpGefUpm;csifawmUygbl;? olwdkUqrwfudk rBudKufbl;vdkU ausnmygw,f? 'DvdkeJY ,m,D0efBuD;csKyftNzpf wm0ef,lxm;wJY
    qGefcsKdif0kefq0*f [m 1932 upNyD;a&wGuf&if xdkif;edkifiH&JU 41aNrmuf 0efBuD;csKyf Nzpfvmygw,f/ ( 76ESpfrSm 41a,muf? ysrf;rQ 0efBuD;csKyfoufwrf;[m wESpfausmfausmfbJ BumwJYoabmbJ)

    a,mufzNzpfwJYol 0efBuD;csKyfNzpfwJYtcsdefrSmbJ wufqifeJY olUrdom;pk[m NAdwdefrSm edkifiHa&;cdkvHSKcGifYw&m;0if avQmufxm;ygw,f/ 'DvdkeJY qrwfqif;oGm&vdkU cPNidrfoGm;wJY wufqifqefYusifa&; qE
    NyrSKawG NyefNzpfvmNyefygw,f/aysmUaysmUav;eJY eHwJYaBumifcsD;vdkU olUqefusifolawGtrnfay;xm;wJY qGefcsKdif[m olausnmcJYwJUtwdkif; 0efBuD;csKyf&kH;udk odrf;ydkufxm;wJY PAD tzGJYeJYaqG;aEG;ygw,f/ olU&JUudk,fpm;vS,fu olUtpdk;&tzGJU&JU 'kwd,0efBuD;csKyftNzpf wm0efay;xm;ol 0efBuD;csKyfa[mif; AdkvfcsKyfBuD; csmAmvpfa,mifcsKdif,k [m PAD acgif;aqmif AdkvfrSL;csKyfa[mif; usefravmifp&Dar; eJY rD'D,molaX;BuD; qGefxDvefaxmifulwdkUeJY trsKd;om;&ifBum;apUa&;twGuf tBudrfBudrf aqG;aEG;ygw,f? 'gayrJU taNzrxGufcJYyg/

    PAD &JU t"du&nf&G,fcsufu wufqifeJY olU&JU tpG,ftyGm;rSeforQudk xdkif;edkifiHa&;u z,f&Sm;csifwmNzpfNyD;? vuf&Sdtaetxm;t& PPP ygwD&JU tiftm;udk vTwfawmfxJrSm b,fvdkrS,SOfedkifrSmr[kwfwJYtwGuf 'Dudp
    [m vTwfawmfzsufodrf;NyD; a&G;aumufyGJtopfNyefvkyf&rJUudef; a&mufaeygw,f? 'gayrJUvnf; a&G;aumufyGJrSm aocsmwmu xdkif;&JU vlOD;a&trsm;qHk;aexdkif&m ta&SUydkif;? ta&SUaNrmufydkif;eJU? aNrmufydkif;u rJqEe,fawGrSm PPP ubJ NyefvnftedkifzdkU rsm;aeNyefygw,f/ TLT ygwDvdkbJ PPP ygwDudk zsufodrf;vdkuf&ifawmif vGwfvyfpGm pkzGJYygwDaxmifcGifY&SdwJY xdkif;edkifiHrSm wufqufudk axmufcHwJY ygwDw&yfxGufvmNyD; edkifiHa&;udk vTrf;rdk;tHk;rJU oabm&SdaeNyefygw,f/ 'Dvdkqdk b,fvdkvkyfBurvJ ...

    t&ifu wufqifNzKwfcsa&;? tpG,ftyGm;z,f&Sm;a&; udkom apmif;ay;
    aBuG;aBumfvmwJY PAD [m aBuG;aBumfoHtopfwckudk us,fus,favmifavmif xkwfazmfvmygw,f? 'gawmUolwdkUu xdkif;edkifiHa&;opfvdkU ac:qdkoHk;pGJwJU Functional Democracy (vrf;nTef'Drdkua&pD -odkU- pnf;urf;NynfY0aom 'Drdkua&pD -'grSr[kwf pnf;rsOf;cH 'Drdkua&pD vdkUNyefvdkU&rvm;rod) bJNzpfygw,f/ 'DtNzpf[m vGwfvyfaom vlU*kPfodumeJYNynfYpHkaom vlUabmiftzGJYtpnf; ay:aygufa&;twGuf acwftqufqufrSm toufaoG;acR;awG pGefYvTwfpaw;cJYBuaom xdkif;awGtwGuf tvGef0rf;enf;bG,fyg/

    quf&ef -

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  7. #17
    VIMC r[m;',m; Cupid   mokenlay is on a distinguished road mokenlay's Avatar
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    Default tydkif; 14 (ed*kH;)

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    1. http://www.padnet.net/
    2. http://www.prachatai.com/english/news.php?id=732
    3. http://nationmultimedia.com/2007/01/...s_30023754.php
    4. http://www.2bangkok.com/06/shincorpsale.shtml
    5. http://www.nationmultimedia.com/specials/sondhi/r22.php
    6. http://www.matichon.co.th/khaosod/
    7. http://www.thairath.co.th/
    8. http://www.manager.co.th/
    9. http://www.matichon.co.th/matichon/
    10. http://www.dailynews.co.th/
    11. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2008_Thai_political_crisis
    12. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Constit...rt_of_Thailand
    13. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/2008_Ca...Thai_stand-off
    14. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Democra...t_Dictatorship
    15. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Thaksin_Shinawatra
    awGtNyif &kyfNrifoHBum;owif;rsm; eJU xdkif;rdwfaqGrsm;&JU aNymNycsufrsm;udk rSDNirf;udk;um; vHk;wkwf &TD;csxm;ygw,fcifAsm;/

    tanmif;cHNyD; vmzwfay;olrsm;udk aus;Zl;wifpGmeJU

    armfuif;&TD;
    atmufwdkbm 12? 2008/
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  8. #18
    Cadet Cupid   lwanthu is on a distinguished road
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    Default

    q&m mokenlay cifAsm;?

    q&m h&J hpmuk dapmihfarSsmfzwf&SK&usKd; eyfygw,f/

    av;pm; ygaMumif; eSifh? aus;Zl;wif&SdygaMumif;/

    Lwanthu
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  9. #19
    Noble Contributor Senior Cupid is wondering . . .   Perigee is on a distinguished road Perigee's Avatar
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    PDF av;eJY odrf;xm;csifygw,fAsm
    wm;wm;BudKufBudKuf
    xkdif;rsufarSmuf EkdifiHa&;udk wxkdifwnf;eJY odcsifwJYolawGudk ay;zwfcsifvdkYygcifAsm
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  10. #20
    VIMC r[m;',m; Cupid   mokenlay is on a distinguished road mokenlay's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by Perigee View Post
    PDF av;eJY odrf;xm;csifygw,fAsm
    wm;wm;BudKufBudKuf
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    r&Sdygbl;? zwfedkifcJYr,fqdk&if odyfraumif;bl;As/ xdkif;uodwJYtwdkif; olwdkU&JUawmf0ifrdom;pkudpudk txdtcdkufcHedkifwJY olawGr[kwfbl;/ ,lusLUawmif NyefyGifYwm b,favmufBumao;vdkUwkef;/ NyD;awmU csif;rdkifrSm rl;rleJY bk&ifUyHkaq;rJokwfwJY qGpfBuD;axmifusoGm;wm rESpfurSwif

    Quote Originally Posted by lwanthu View Post
    q&m mokenlay cifAsm;?

    Lwanthu
    tJvdkBuD;awmU roHk;ESKH;ygeJYAsm wifyg;,m;vGef;vdkU uRefawmfbmaumifrS r[kwfbl; udkvGrf;ol/ tp&m&mrSm pyfpyf pyfpyfeJY bmrSaumif;wdaumif;uef; wwfodwJYaumifr[kwfbl;/ 'gayrJU eJeJawmU &TD;wwfw,f



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