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Thread: xdkif; rsufarSmufedkifiHa&; rdwfquf

  1. #1
    VIMC r[m;',m; Cupid   mokenlay is on a distinguished road mokenlay's Avatar
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    Default xdkif; rsufarSmufedkifiHa&; rdwfquf

    'Drdkua&pDqdkwm odBuwJYtwdkif; trsm;qEeJYtnD tkyfcsKyfa&;aygYAsm/ 'gayrJY ygvDref 'Drdkua&pDpepfudk usifUoHk;aewJY tdrfeD;csif;xdkif;edkifiH[m 'Dpepf&JU tm;enf;csufaBumifY tckedkifiHa&;tusyftwnf;eJY &ifqdkifae&NyDNzpfygw,f/ 'gudkavUvm&if tem*gwfrSm ppfuRefb0uvGwfaNrmufNyD; 'DpepfudkusifYoHk;Nzpfr,fqdk&if olU&JUtm;enf;csuf tm;omcsufudk uRefawmfwdkU wifBudKodxm;edkifygvdrfYr,f/

    wu,fawmU xdkif;&JU ygvDref'Drdkua&pDpepfqdkwm vuf&Sd NAdwdefrSm usifYoHk;aewJY ygvDref'Drdkua&pDpepfudk yHkwlul;xm;wmyg/ (NAdwdefvufatmufrS vGwfvyfa&;&cJYwJY tif'D;,m;eJY uRefawmfwdkU edkifiHvnf; usifYoHk;cJYzl;wJY pepfygbJ) rJqE
    e,fawGudk cGJNyD; udk,fpm;vS,ftrwfawGa&G;? trwftrsm;qHk; ygwDu edkifiHtkyfcsKyfa&;udk OD;aqmif qdkwJY pepfyg/
    NAdwdef&JU yHkwlqdkayrJU NAdwdefeJY rwlwmu xdkif;&JUa'otvdkuf aexdkifolrsm;&JU vlwef;pm;eJY ynmwwfta&twGuf uGmNcm;csufbJNzpfygw,f/

    yx0Dtaexm;t& xdkif;&JUta&SUaNrmufydkif;[m aNcmufaoGUwJY ukefNyifNrifYyg? 'Da'orSm aexdkifolvlOD;a&[mxlxyfNyD; trsm;tm;NzifY avm0fwdkif;&if;om;awGrsm;ygw,f/ 'DvlawG[m tNcm;a'ou vlrsKd;pkawGxuf a&muf&Jwif;wdrfrSKvdkU ac:&rvm; iwHk;vdkU oHk;&rvm;rod taetxdkif tpm;taomuf pD;yGm;a&; ynma&; t&rf;edrfUusygw,f/ NyD;awmU &kd;om;NyD; tysif;vJ eJeJxlw,fvdkU qdk&ygr,f/ ta&SUaNrmufa'oqdkayrJY ta&SUrS aNrmufydkif; txdwydkif;vHk;[m 'DvdkvlrsKd;awGrsm;ygw,f/

    befaumuf[m edkifiHNrdKUawmfrsm;&JU xHkpHtwdkif; xdkif;&JUpD;yGm;a&; qHk&mae&mNzpfvdkU vlrla&;? pD;yGm;a&;? ynma&;[m tNcm;a'oawGxuf NrifYw,fvdk qdk&ygr,f/ 'gayrJU xdkif;edkifiHawmifydkif;rSm aexdkifolawGuawmU olwdkU[m befaumufxufredrfYbl;vdkU ,lqBuygw,f/ 'Dvdk,lq&atmifvnf; xdkif;awmifydkif;[m a&S;ya0oPDuwnf;u yifv,fukefoG,fa&;eJYywfowfNyD; edkifiHwumeJYtqufoG,f&SdcJYovdk 19&mpkwckvHk;eJY 20&mpkaESmif;ydkif;txd acwfpm;cJYwJY cJrNzLwl;az:a&;vkyfief;eJY pD;yGm;a&;aumif;cJYNyD;? aemufydkif;rSm a&vkyfief;? a&mbm? qDtkef;eJY c&D;oGm;vkyfief;awGaBumifY pDyGm;a&;tNrJaumif;cJYygw,f/ pDyGm;a&;aumif;ovdk awmifydkif;om;awG[m ynmwwfawGvnf;aygrsm;cJYygw,f/
    txl;oNzifY vuf0Jorm;rsm;&JU taNcpdkufXmecsKyfvdkUawmif aNym&rSmyg/ ('Dae&mrSm vuf0Jqdkwm uGefNrLepfvdkUbJ r,lqbJ wdk;wuf
    wufBuGaom t,lq&Sdolrsm;udk qdkvdkwmyg) 'gayrJU ql&wfXmeDeJY [wf,dkif qGefuvm a'o[m wcsdefu armf0g'DolykefawG&JU taNcpdkufa'oNzpfcJYbl;ygw,f/

    tv,fydkif;eJY taemufydkif;a'oom;awGuawmU yHkrSefaNr&Sifya'o&mZfpD;yGm;a&;eJY &if;ESD;aeeJY xdkif;vlrsKd;ppfppfawGrdkU ynma&;a&m pD;yGm;a&;rSmyg acwftqufquf tpdk;&awG&JU rsufESmomay;Ncif;cHcJY&olawGvdkU aNym&ygr,f/

    xdkif;edkifiHa&;ordkif;rSm 'Drdku&ufygwD[m oufwrf;t&SnfqHk;ygwDNzpfNyD; awmifydkif;eJY befaumufa'oudk taNcukwf,lygw,f/ pwifwnfaxmifpOfu uGefNrLepf qefYusifa&;orm;awG zGJUpnf;wnfaxmifcJYBuayrJU aemufydkif;rSm 'Drdku&ufygwD[m vuf0Jorm; vli,fedkifiHa&;orm;awG&JU ygwDvdkNzpfaeygw,f/
    csufxdkif;ygwD[m 'kwd,oufwrf;&Snf ygwDNzpfNyD; xdkif;aNr&Sif-ukefonfBuD;rsm; OD;aqmifNyD; tv,fydkif;eJY taemufydkif;[m olwdkU&JU taNcpdkufa'oNzpfygw,f/ xdkif;edkifiHa&;[m t&ifu ppfwyfeJY 'Drdku&ufwpfygwD&JU tm;NydKifrSKawG&SdcJYayrJU 1992 vlxktHkBuGrSKNzpfNyD;aemufydkif;rSm 'Drdku&ufeJY csufxdkif;&JUtaygif;tyg ygwDrsm;&JU tm;NydKifrSKawGeJY qufoG,fa&;olaX;BuD; wufqifoQDem0uf tmPm&&SdcJYwJY 2000 NynfYESpftxd yHkrSef&SdcJYw,fvdkU qdk&ygr,f/

    wu,fawmU xdkif;edkifiH[m aps;uGufpD;yGm;a&; t&if;&Sifpepfudk atmifNrifpGmusifYoHk;aewJY edkifiHqdkayrJU aNr&Sifya'o&mZfpDyGm;a&;pepfuae vHk;0vGwfxGufoGm;NyDvdkUawmU aNymvdkUr&ygbl;/ txl;oNzifY vlOD;a&trsm;pkNzpfwJY aus;vufa'oudk csKyfudkifxm;olawG[m ausmufazmU vdkUac:wJY aNr&Sifya'o&mZfBuD;awGyg/ olwdkU[m urerfqdkwJY wdkufolBuD;&mxl;awG,lxm;NyD; aus;vufaeNynfolrsm;&JU tem*gwfudk qHk;Nzwfay;edkifwJYtxd tmPm&Sdygw,f/

    Nrefrm-w&kwfNzLppfyGJawG? Arm-vlenf;pk wdkif;&if;om;ppfyGJawG? tif'dkcsKdif;em;ppfyGJawG? uGefNrLepfqefUusifa&;ppfyGJawGeJY bdef;ukefESifY vufeufukeful;rSK pD;yGm;a&;awGaBumifY 'DausmufazmU ac: aNr&SifBuD;awG[m ppfwyf? ykvdyfeJY eD;pyfvmcJYBuygw,f/ (xdkif;&JU awmf0ifppfwu
    odkvfrSm 'kwd,ESpfrSom ykvdyf-a&wyf-Bunf;wyf-avwyf cGJNcm;wJY pepfrsKd; t&ifu&SdcJYygw,f? qdkvdkwmu yxrESpfoifcef;pm[m twlwlbJaygY? 'gaBumifY ykvdyft&m&Sd wufqifrSm ausmif;aebuf ppft&m&SdawG&SdcJYwmaygY)/

    'DvdkeJY ppfwyfu t&m&SdBuD;awG[m ppfwyfutem;,l&if olwdkUwm0efxrf;aqmifcJYwJY e,fudk aNcukwf,lNyD; trwf0ifa&G;&if; edkifiHa&;e,fxJ0ifygw,f/ 'Dvdkenf;eJY AdkvfcsKyfBuD; csufcsKdif;csLem0rfeJY csmAmvpfa,mifcsKdif,kwdkU 0efBuD;csKyfNzpfcJYBuygw,f/ trsm;tm;NzifY 'Dppft&m&SdawG&JU ygwDawG[m csufxdkif;ygwDeJY r[mrdwfNyKNyD; nTefYaygif;tpdk;&zGJUwufBuNyD; 'Drdku&ufutwdkuftcH ygwDtNzpf &yfwnfBuygw,f/ 'gayrJU xdkif;nTefYaygif;tzGJUawG[m tpdk;&tay:t,HkBunfr&Sd tqdkudk ausmfvTm;edkifwm tawmf&Sm;ygw,f? &SKH;NyD;a&G;aumufyGJ topfcPcP Nyefvkyf&ygw,f/ xdkif;ygvDreftrwfawG[m tm;tm;&Sd vTwfawmfxJrSm pum;a&vkcPcP vkyfwufBuygw,f/ tJ'DtcgrSm tpdk;&xJu nTefUaygif;ygwDav;awG cGJxGufwmeJY tpdk;&tzGJUNydKvJa&mbJ/

    quf&ef....

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  2. #2
    VIMC r[m;',m; Cupid   mokenlay is on a distinguished road mokenlay's Avatar
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    Default tydkif; 2

    xdkif;edkifiHa&;orm;awGtrsm;pk[m rJqG,fpnf;&kH;yGJrSm rJ0,fwmtygt0if aiGudkyHkatmoHk;pGJr,f? twdkuftcHtrwfNzpf&if vGwfawmfpum;&nfyGJrSm tpdk;&&JUtNypftemtqmudk &SmNyD;xdk;eSufwdkufcdkufr,f? tpdk;&zGJUedkif&if edkifiHydkifaNr,mudk udk,fydkifvkyfNyD; a&mif;pm;r,f? edkifiHa&;t&Sdef0geJY pD;yGm;a&;vkyfr,f 'DvdkbJaevdkufwm 1995-96-97 tm&SpD;yGm;a&;ysufwmeJYBuHKawmU rsufNyL;qefNym Nzpfukefygw,f/ wa,mufudk wa,muftNypfwif&if; tpdk;tzGJUawG wufvdkufNyKwfvdkuf Nzpfukefygw,f? t&if tar&duef 1a':vm 25bwfeJY taocsnfxm;wJY aiGvJeKef;[m 41bwftxdNzpfoGm;vdkU puFmylbPfawGqDrS aiGacs;BuwJY xdkif;bPfawG[m tawmfav;taNcaeqdk;ukefygw,f/

    emrnfBuD; befaumufpDyGm;a&;bPf BBC [m a'0gvDcH&wJYtxd taNcaeqdk;oGmNyD; aNr,meJY aqmufvkyfa&;vkyfief;awG &yfwefUukefvdkU tvkyfvufrJYawGay:rsm;vmNyD; ukefaps;eKef;awGuvnf; xdk;wufoGm;cJYygw,f/ BBC bPf a'0gvDcHrSKrSm edkifiHa&;orm;awG ywfowfrSK&SdwmawG? vTwfawmfxJrSm pum;rsm;&if; tcsdefukefaewmawGaBumifY NynfolawG[m edkifiHa&;orm;awGudk pdwfukefvmNyD; tiftm;&SdwJY tpdk;&rsKd;udk wrf;wvmBuygw,f/


    'DtcsdefrSm wufqif[m xdkif;edkifiHa&;rSm xif&Sm;ay:xGufvmygw,f/ wu,fawmU wufqif[m 1992 ppftmPm&SifqefYusifa&; 'Drdkua&pDawmif;qdk qE
    NyyGJawGNzpfuwnf;u edkifiHa&;avmuxJ0ifa&mufvmNyD;? tckolUudk tBuD;tus,fqefYusifol usefravmifoQ&Dar;eJYtwl "rtiftm; (zvef"r)ygwDudk xlaxmifcJYolyg/

    tJ'Dwkef;u befaumufudktaNcNyKNyD; a&G;aumufyGJ0if&mrSm ae&mtawmfrsm;rsm;rSm tedkif&cJYNyD; xdkpOfu tpdk;&NzpfwJY 'Drdku&uf&JU twdkufcHygwDtNzpfvmygw,f/ t,HktBunfr&SdtqdkeJY 'Drdku&ufygwD[m 2ESpftBumrSm NyKwfusoGm;NyD; a&G;aumufyGJtopfrSm usefravmif&SKH;edrfYNyD; wufqifutedkif&vdkU ygwD&JU Ou
    X&mxl;&ygw,f? aemufawmU nTefYaygif;tpdk;&twGif;0ifNyD; vrf;yef;qufoG,fa&; 0efBuD;eJY 'k0efBuD;csKyf&mxl;udk wm0ef,lcJYygw,f? aemufydkif; vTwfawmfwGif;rSm emrnfrSdefvmNyD; edkifiHa&;u tem;,lNyDvdkU ausnmcJYygw,f/

    'gayrJU 1998-99rSm edkifiHa&;xJ wzefNyef0ifvmNyD; xdkif;cspfwJYxdkif;
    TLT ygwDudk xlaxmifygw,f/ tJ'DtaemufrSm wufqif[m olY&JU aiGaBu;t&Sdef0geJY ygwDi,fav;awGudk pD;yGm;a&;wdkufuGufrsm;vdk wckNyD;wck0g;rsKdvdkufygw,f? trwfawGudk rufvHk;ay;qGJaqmifrSK&SdayrJU tckvdk ygwDi,fav;awGudk 0g;rsKdwmrsKd; xdkif;edkifiHa&;avmurSm r&SdcJYzl;yg/ wufqif[m ygwDBuD;awG&JU trwfawGudkvnf; qGJaqmifpnf;&kH;edkifygw,f (wu,fawmU NcHckefwJY tavUtx[m xdkif;edkifiHa&;rSm rxl;qef;yg? 'DESpf'DygwDeJY a&G;aumufyGJ0ifayrJY aemufESpfus&if aemufygwDwckeJY 0ifa&G;wmvnf; &Sdygw,f/ trwftrsm;pk[m ausmufazgUqdkwJY e,fvlrdkufBuD;awGyg) wufqifu olUygwDxJr0if&if 'DvludkNydKifzdkU aemufvlwa,mufudk trwf0ifapr,fvdkU acsmufvSefUNyD; olUtvdkudk NynfYapcJYygw,f/

    'DvdkeJY 2001 a&G;aumufyGJrSm wufqif&JU xdkif;vAfxdkif;ygwD[m tNcm;ygwDBuD;awGudk ausmfNzwfNyD; trwfae&mtrsm;pktedkif&&SdcJYygw,f/ tJ'DtcgrSm wufqif[m xdkif;edkifiHa&;ordkif;rSm ygwDwckwnf;u tpdk;&zGJYedkifwJY tpdk;&tzGJUudk acgif;aqmifol yxrqHk;aom 0efBuD;csKyfNzpfvmygawmUw,f/

    quf&ef ...
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  3. #3
    VIMC r[m;',m; Cupid   mokenlay is on a distinguished road mokenlay's Avatar
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    Default tydkif; 3

    wu,fwrf;rSmvnf; wufqif[m pGrf;&nfxufNrufolwa,mufyg/ omref&Jt&m&Sdb0eJY tar&duefNynfYu rSKcif;qdkif&m yg&*lbGJY&atmifpGrf;aqmifedkifcJYw,f/ 'gtNyif &Jt&m&Sdb0u xGufNyD;awmU pD;yGm;a&;avmuxJ0ifwJYae&mrSmvnf; rdwfaqGtaygif;aumif;udk &SmedkifcJYNyD; ta&SYawmiftm&SrSm yxrqHk; N*dKvfwkydkifolNzpfvmcJYygw,f/

    olUN*dKvfwkudk ta&SUawmiftm&S edkifiHawmfrsm;rsm;u iSm;&rf;oHk;pGJ&wJYtwGuf wufqif[m tvGefBuG,f0vmwJYtNyif avm0f? uar
    m'D;,m;eJY AD,uferfedkifiHu oef;aygif;rsm;pGmaom abmfvHk;0goem&Sifrsm;&JU (tJ'Dtcsdefu) r&SdrNzpf UBC tcaBu;aiGeJY NyowJY &kyfoHXmeudk ydkifolNzpfvdkU 0ifaiGtvGefaumif;ygw,f/

    'gUtNyif 1990 aESmif;ydkif;ESpfrsm;rSm xdkif;edkifiHrSm 1-2 call vdkUac:wJY u'fzHk;pepf acwfpm;vmwm[m wufqiftzdkU tuefYowfrJY 0ifaiGrsm;&apzdkU taBumif;Nzpfvmygw,f/ buf 20 (NrefrmaiG 700 cefY) &Sd&if udk,fydkifzHk;wvHk;&edkifNyD NzpfwJYtwGuf vufudkifzHk; oHk;pGJolrsm;pm&if;xJrSm vli,frsm;tvHk;t&if;eJY yg0ifvmBuygw,f/ olUudka0befolrsm;u 'Dvl[m cav;tdyfxJu rkefYzdk;udkawmif vk,lwYJolvdkU &Skwfcsygw,f/

    wufqif[m ,cifum;vrf;rayguf aBu;eef;ra&mufwJY a'oawGrSm olU&JU N*dKvfwk qufoG,fa&;wdkifawG oGm;a&mufaxmifcJYedkifvdkU awmolawmifom;awG&JU axmufcHrSKudk wcJeuf&vmcJYovdk [dkufpydtifwmeufudk oHk;vmedkifwJYtwGuf NrdKUae tdkifwD ynmwwfrsm;&JU axmufcHrSKudkvnf; &&SdcJYygw,f/ 'DNrdKUaeynmawG[m olwdkUxufESmwzsm;ru omaewJY rav;&Sm;udk rausreyfBunfY&if; wufqifudk olwdkU&JU uvifwefvdkU arQmfvifYvmBuygw,f/

    'DvdkaxmufcHrSKawG &cJYovdkbJ wufqif&JU 0ifaiGuvnf; tHUrcef;wdk;yGm;vmcJYw,f/ 'gYtNyif wufqifeJY olUrdom;pkawG[m ay:NyLvmedkifiHa&;udk aumif;aumif; uRrf;usifBuolrsm;vdkU qdk&ygr,f/
    &kyf&Sifavmu teKynmavmuom;awGeJY aumif;aumif;&if;ESD;cJYovdk? 'Dtekynm&Sifrsm; NcH&HNyD; aus;vufa'orsm;udk udk,fwdkifoGm;a&mufygw,f/ 'Dvdkaus;vufvlxk[m wufqifudk t&rf;cspfcifvmBuw,f/ olTLT ygwDwnfaxmifNyD;wJYaemuf NrdKU&GmawGtESHU vlrSKu,fq,fa&; &kH;cGJawGzGifYNyD; a'oxGufukefawGudk &SKd;yGJBuD;rsm;NyNyD; edkifiHwumudk zdwfac:NyowJY yGJawGvnf; usif;yay;cJYygw,f/ 'Dvdk rJqGJrSKrsKd; wBudrfwcgrS rBuHkzl;wJY xdkif;NynfolawG[m wufqifudkvHk;0,HkBunfoGm;Buw,f/ 'gaBumifY a&G;aumufyGJtwGuf rJqG,fyGJawG rpcifuwnf;u wufqif[m 0efBuD;csKyfNzpfzdkU aocsmaecJYygNyD/

    a&G;aumufyGJrSm bma&m*grqdk aq;zdk;0g;c bwf30om ay;&r,fqdkwJY aBuG;ausmfoHeJY wufqif&JU TLT ygwD[m rJqE
    e,f trsm;tNym;rSm tNywftowf tedkif&cJYygawmUw,f/ b,favmufawmif atmifNrifovJqdk 'Drdku&uf&JU taNccdkifcJYwJY befaumufeJY xdkif;awmifydkif; uae&mtawmfrsm;rsm;rSmawmif tedkif&wJYtxd NzpfoGm;ovdk? tv,fydkif;u csufxdkif;eJY csufzufwem ygwD[m ygwDi,frsm;tqifYtxdavQmusoGm;atmif rJqEe,faNrawG qHk;&SKH;cJYygw,f? aemufydkif;rSm wcsdefu 'Drdku&uf&JUt"du NydKifbufygwDBuD; wckNzpfzl;wJY uG,fvGefol 0efBuD;csKyfa[mif; AdkvfcsKyfBuD; csufcsKdif;&JU csufzufwem ygwD[m zsufodrf;vdkuf&wJY txdNzpfoGm;NyD;? AdkvfcsKyfBuD; csmAvpf[m olU&JU arQmfvifYcsuftopfygwDeJYtwl xdkif;edkifiHa&;avmuuae tem;,lvdkuf&wJYtxd NzpfoGm;ygw,f/ wzufrSmvnf; &kd;om; appyfolvdkU emrnfausmfol 0efBuD;csKyfa[mif; cRefvDydkif[m 'Drdku&ufygwD&JU Ou&mxl;uae qif;ay;vdkuf&wJYtxd oufwef;&Snf 'Drdku&ufygwD[m taNcaeqdk;oGm;ygw,f/

    'DvdkeJY 2001 rSm wufqif[m xdkif;edkif&JU yxrqHk; ygwDwckxJu tpdk;&zGJYedkifwJY tpdk;&tzGJUudk acgif;aqmifol 0efBuD;csKyfNzpfvmygw,f/ vGwfawmfxJrSmvnf; olUygwD0iftrwfawGuom trsm;pkvTrf;rdk;xm;wmrdkU olvkyforQtm;vHk;[m wifYw,fvSy aeygawmUw,f/ wufqif0efBuD;csKyfNzpfNyD; yxrqHk;pdrfac:rSKu xdkif;-Nrefrm qufqHa&; eJY rl;,pfaq;0g;Nyemyg/

    quf&ef


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  4. #4
    VIMC r[m;',m; Cupid   mokenlay is on a distinguished road mokenlay's Avatar
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    Default tydkif; 4

    avUvmoHk;oyftcsKdU&JUtqdkt& xdkif;&JUpD;yGm;a&; ,cktaexm;txda&mufvm&wm (1) tar&duef&JU tif'dkcsKdif;em;ppfyGJ? (2) ab;ywf0efusifedkifiHawG&JU NynfwGif;ppfyGJawGeJY wHcg;ydwf pD;yGm;a&; tNyif(3) bdef;ukeful;wmaBumifY vdkqdkygw,f/ ulrifwefw&kwfNzLawG[m w&kwfeDuGefNrLepfudkwdkufzdkU udk,fydkif&HyHkaiG&&efqdkNyD; pDtdkifatu bdef;NzLaps;uGufudk xGifay;ygw,f/ bdef;udkNrefrmta&SUbuf &Srf;ukefNyifNrifYrSm pdkufNyD; xdkif;edkifiHudk xGufayguftNzpf oHk;umtaemufbufodkU a&mif;csa&;yg/

    'DawmU bdef;ukeful;rSKudktaNccHwJY pD;yGm;a&;awG BuD;xGm;cJYNyD; 'gawGeJY ppfbuf? &JbufeJY edkifiHa&;orm;awG xJxJ0if0ifBuD; qufEG,faecJYw,f/ aemufydkif;rSm tar&duefu ay:vpDaNymif;NyD; bdef;NzLeJY rl,pfaq;0g;[m trsKd;om;&efoltNzpfwdkufzsufvmcsdefrSm xdkif;tpdk;&awGvnf; bdef;eJY rl;,pfaq;0g; ESdrfeif;a&;bufudk NyefvSnfY&ygw,f/ 'gayrJU acwftqufquf vG,fvG,fulul&&SdwJY rl,pfaq;0g;trsKd;rsKd;udk pGJvrf;aeNyDNzpfwJY xdkif;NynfolawGudk wm;NrpfzdkUu tvGefcufcJygw,f/ txl;oNzifY ,mrm; (Nrifaq;) pdwfBuGaq; pm;oHk;rSKyg/ t&ifwkef;u 'DNrif;aq;pm;oHk;rSKudk odyfNyD;Nyif;Nyif;xefxef rwm;qD;cJYygbl;? Oya't& rl,pfaq;0g;vdkU owfrSwfxm;ayrJU tNypf'PfodyfrBuD;wJY rl,pfaq;0g;yg/ tvkyf&Sif aNr&SifBuD;awGuvnf; Nrif;aq;aBumifY ukefxkwfvkyfrSKrSm ydkNyD;tvkyfNzpfwJYtwGuf tm;ay;tm;aNrmufNyKcJYwm&Sdygw,f/

    tzrf;tqD;aBumifY bdef;NzLeJY aq;aNcmufaps;awG ckefwufoGm;csdefrSm Nrif;aq;[m aps;uGuftwGif; xdk;azgufae&m&vmygw,f/ txl;oNzifY ausmif;om;vli,fawG Bum;rSmaygY/ ta0;aNy;um;armif;orm;awGqdk 'Daq;r&Sd&ifrNzpfwJY taNcaersKd;txdawmif &SdvmcJYygw,f/ odwJYtwdkif; 'Daq;[m pdwfBuGaq;yDyD vlowfrSK vk,ufrSK pdwf&l;aygufNyD; rD;&SKdrSK? um;wdkufrSkawG edkifiHtwGif;rSm NrifYwufvmcJYygw,f/ 'gaBumifYvnf; AdkvfcsKyfBuD; csmAmvpf0efBuD;csKyfNzpfwJY tcsdefupNyD; ,ciftac: ,mrm; (Nrif;aq;) tpm; ,m;bm; (t&l;aq;) vdkU trnfaNymif;NyD; a&mif0,fazgufum;oludk ao'Pf vuf0,fxm; oHk;pGJoludk ESpf&Snfaxmif'Pf? oHk;pGJoludk axmif'Pf poNzifY Nyif;Nyif;xefxef ESdyfuGyfygawmUw,f/ 'DtcgrSm ,cif ,mbm;xkwfvkyfolawG[m NynfwGif;uae e,fpyfa'oawGrSm olwdkU&JU puf&kHawGudk aNymif;a&GUvkyfudkifygw,f/ tJ'DrSm xif&Sm;vmwmu ,cif A-u-y a[mif; NrefrmppfwyfeJY Nidrf;csrf;a&;,lxm;wJY tm;aumif;wJY 0wyfrawmf (xdkif;awGu 0eDawGvdkU ac:ygw,f) ygbJ/ 'D 0wyfrawmf[m A-u-y ysufawGqdkayrJU acgif;aqmifu uGefrifwef w&kwfNzLawGyg/ ,cifu cGefqmtzGJYeJYtNydKif bdef;arSmifcdkvkyfolawG NzpfNyD; xdkif;ppfwyfeJYvnf; eD;pyfzl;ygw,f/

    wufqiftmPm&vmawmU 'D,mbm;udk ppfausnmNyD; tNyif;txefESdrfeif;ygw,f/ umuG,fa&;eJY 0efBuD;csKyf &mxl;udk udkifxm;wJY wufqif[m &JtzGJudk txl;tmPmay;NyD; 'D,mbm;ppfqifa&;udk tNywfESdrfeif;apwJYtcgrSm wESpftwGif; vl2000 ausmfudk okwfoifwJYtxd NzpfyGm;cJYygw,f/ t"duNzpfyGm;cJYwJY ae&muawmU wufqif&JU ZmwdeJY &Jt&m&SdNzpfpOfu wm0efxrf;aqmifzl;wJY aNrmufydkif; csif;rdkif-csif;&kdif; a'orSmygbJ/ 'DawmU xdkif;&J (e,fNcm;apmifY&J) eJY 0wyfrawmfwdkU NidBuawmUwmbJ/ 'Dxufydk&SkyfaxG;apwJY udp
    u &Srf;vGwfaNrmufa&;wyfrawmf (&GufppftzGJU) yg0ifvmNcif;yg/

    &GufppftzGJU[m cGefqmtzGJY&JU vGwfoGm;wJY bdef;arSmifcdkaps;uGufudk yGJYvefYwkef; zsm0ifcif;ygw,f/ bmompum;eJY "avUxHk;xrf;eD;pyf&mu xdkif;ppfwyfeJY &GufppfwdkU tvGrf;oifYygw,f/ 0wyfawGuvnf; bdef;aps;uGuftwGuf &Gufppfudk tNywf&Sif;csifygw,f/ xdkif;awGbufuawmU Nrefrmppftpdk;& ausmaxmufaemufcH NyKxm;wJY 0tzGJUudk rauseyfygbl;/ 'DawmU 0eJY &GufppfwdkU wdkufyGJrSm &Gufppfbufu axmufcHtm;ay;wm&SdcJYovdk? Nrefrmppfwyfu 0tzGJUudk axmufcHNyD; &GufppftzGJUudk zdtm;ay;edrfeif;ygw,f/ 'DvdkeJY xdkif;-Nrefrm e,fNcm;ppfyGJ NzpfwJYtaexm;txd a&mufoGm;apygw,f/

    a&S;tpOftquf xdkif;[m NrefrmeJY qufqHa&;udk e,fpyfu wyfawGtcsif;csif; &if;ESD;rSKuwqifY umuG,fa&;Xmeu udkifwG,fygw,f/ &Sif;&Sif;aNym&&if ppfwyfu udkifwG,fw,faygY/ 'gayrJU wufqifvufxufrSmawmU ppfwyfudk tmPmawGwqifYcsif;avQmUaeawmU 'Dudp
    udk edkifiHNcm;a&;Xmeudk udkifwG,fapygw,f/ qdk;wmu NrefrmNynfu edkifiHNcm;a&;Xme[m wdkif;rSL;awGavmuf vkyfydkifcGifYr&SdNcif;ygbJ/ 'DvdkeJY xdkif;ppfwyfeJY NrefrmppfwyfBum;rSm ,cifuavmuf &if;ESD;rSKr&SdawmU em;vnfrSKvGJrSm;wmawG &SdvmcJYygw,f/ 'Duae aemufydkif;rSm &GufppftzGJUudk vdkufwdkufwJY NrefrmppfwyfeJY xdkif;ppfwyfNidNyD; wmcsDvdwf ppfyGJNzpfygawmUw,f/

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    VIMC r[m;',m; Cupid   mokenlay is on a distinguished road mokenlay's Avatar
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    Default tydkif; 5

    wmcsDvdwfwdkufyGJ[m NrefrmUppftpdk;&twGuf edkifiHa&;? ppfa&; eJY odumt& &SKH;cJY&NyD; xdkif;edkifiHtaeeJY tedkif&cJYwJY wdkufyGJvdkU aNym&if&r,fvdkU xifygw,f/ txl;oNzifY edkifiHa&;tNrwftxGufqHk;u wufqifyg/

    ppfyGJNzpfawmU umuG,fa&;0efBuD;udkwGJudkifxm;wJY wufqif[m avwyfppfOD;pD;csKyfudk ppfyGJ&JU OD;pD;wifNyD; wdkufcdkif;cJYygw,f/ 'DvdkeJY wdkufyGJNzpfwJY aumif;uif,HrSm xdkif;&JU tzf16 av,mOfawGomNynfUaecJYNyD; NrefrmUavwyfu av,mOfwpif;wavrS rNrif&yg/ ppfa&;t& NrefrmUwyf[m tNiif;yGm;awmifukef;udk qHk;&SKH;vdkuf&ovdk? taotaysmufvJrsm;ygw,f? 'gYtNyif wdkufyGJAsL[meJY vufeufcsif;uGmaewmudk rsufNrifxdawGYvdkuf&wJY Nrefrmwyfrawmfom;awG[m t&ifacwftqufu ,HkBunfcJYzl;wJY ,dk;',m;avmufuawmU reufydkif;wdkuf&if aeYvnfavmufqdk befaumufudkodrf;NyD; aeUvnfpmpm;vdkU&w,f qdkwJY t,ltq[m tmyvmygvm;qdkNyD; tm;i,foGm;&ovdk edkifiHa&;t&vnf; xdkif;ppfwyfeJY wGJNyD;wdkufcJYw,fqdkwJY bdef;arSmifcdk &Gufppf[m wu,fUawmfvSefa&; wyfrawmfwcktNzpf xdkif;pme,fZif;awGuwqifY edkifiHwumtv,frSm emrnf&oGm;w,f? 'DuaewqifY olwdkUxkwfa0wJY rk'def;usifYcGifY qdkwJY Nrefrmwyfrawmfudk &SKwfcsxm;csufawG[m wu,fNzpfedkifw,fvdkU ur
    mu,HkBunfoGm;w,f/

    'DyGJrSm wufqif[m t&rf;vSywJY edkifiHa&;upm;uGufawGudk upm;oGm;wmawGY&ygw,f/ wzufu tNywftowftedkif&atmif wdkufaecsdefrSm Nrefrmppftpdk;&udk aysmUaNymif;wJY oHwrefpum;awG aNymaecJYygw,f/ NywfNywfom;om; tedkif&wmeJY wufqif[m a&S;enf;twdkif; yk*
    dKvfa&;vrf;aBumif;awGuqifY ppftpdk;&udk rsufESmcsKdaoG;NyD; NrefrmNynfodkUoGm; twdk;rJYacs;aiGawG ('Dudp[m aemufydkif;wufqifudk w&m;pGJwJY pGJcsufwck Nzpfvmygw,f) eJY rufvHk;ay;vdkU ppfyGJNzpfcJYwmudk arYaysmufapygw,f/ 'gUtNyif xdkif;edkifiHtusKd;tNrwfawGxGufaprJY pD;yGm;a&;oabmwlcsufawG? oHvGifNrpfa&tm;vQyfppfeJY &Srf;ukefNyifNrifUta&SYbufeJY u&ifNynfe,fu aNrawGudk iSm;&rf;zdkU pwJYudpawGrSm ppftpdk;&qDu oabmwlcsuf&atmifawmif vkyfvmedkifcJYygwJYtwGuf xdkif;edkifiHrSm wufqifudk ,HkBunfudk;pm;rSKawG t&rf;udkNrifYwufvmcJYygw,f/ (wufqif[m NrefrmwedkifiHwnf;rSm r[kwfbJ avm0feJY uarm'D,m;rSmvnf; xdkif;tusKd;NyK pD;yGm;a&;oabmwlcsufawG &atmifvkyfedkifcJYygw,f/ 'gayrJU aemufydkif;rSmawmU wufqif[m edkifiHtusKd;&SdrSmxuf ol&JUqufoG,fa&;vkyfief;twGuf tusKd;ydk&SdapcJYw,fvdkU a0befolawGu axmufNyBuygw,f)

    vlxk&JU ,HkBunfaxmufcHrSK wcJeuf&vmwJY wufqif[m olU&JUrl&if;aNcvSrf;awG pvSrf;ygawmUw,f/ 'guawmU acwftqufquf xdkif;edkifiHa&;udk vTrf;rdk;xm;wJY ppfwyf&JUu
    @udk y,faNzmufzdkUeJY pD;yGm;a&;aygvpDaNymif;vJzdkU qdkwmygbJ? 'DuaebJ wufqif NyemawGeJY BuHK&ygawmUw,f/

    wufqif0efBuD;csKyfNzpfNyD; yxrqHk;vTwfawmfrSm 'Drdku&ufygwDu 0efBuD;csKyf[m olU&JUydkifqdkifrSKawGudk trSeftwdkif;rausnmbl;? tcGefawGa&Smifw,f 'gaBumifY 0efBuD;csKyfudk t,HktBunfr&Sd qdkwJYtqdkudk wifoGif;ygw,f? 'gudk pHkprf;a&;aumfr&SifzGJUNyD; wufqifu vSvSyytedkif,loGm;cJYygw,f? tJ'Daemuf vTwfawmfrSm 'Drdku&uf&JU twdkufcHNyKrSkawGudk wufqifu raBumufawmUygbl;/ 'DvdkeJY wufqif[m taNccHOya'udk aNymif;vJrSKawGudk vTwfawmfxJrSmbJ atmifatmifNrifNrif vkyfvmcJYygw,f/ 'DtxJu xif&Sm;wJY tcsufu csJxD qdkwJY w&m;r0ifxDudk w&m;0iftNzpf tpdk;&u a&mif;wm eJY edkifiHydkifvkyfief;BuD;rsm; (qufoG,fa&;? vQyfppf? vrf;yef; eJY pmwdkufeJYaBu;eef;) udk yky
    vdu vufxJa&mif;cswmawGygbJ/ 'gtNyif taumuftcGefpnf;BuyfrSKrSmvnf; wdk;NrifUaumufcHwmawG&SdvmcJYygw,f? txl;oNzifY oGif;ukefeJY c&D;oGm;vkyfief;vkyfudkifaewJY edkifiHNcm;om;awGrSm Nzpfygw,f/

    csJxD[m xdkif;&JUb,fvdkrS ESdrfeif;vdkUr&wJY avmif;upm;yg/ 'gudk wufqifu wcsufckwf 2csufNywftNzpf w&m;0ifa&mif;csNcif;NzifY edkifiHawmftwGuf 0ifaiGwdk;apcJYygw,f/ 'gayrJU tJ'DaiGudk oHk;pGJwJYtcgrSm wufqifNy
    emwufygw,f? bmvdkUvJqdkawmU xdkif;Oya'rSmu avmif;upm;cGifYr&Sdygbl;? 'DawmU 'DaiGawG[m w&m;r0ifaiGvdk Nzpfaeygw,f/ 'gudkwufqifu aus;vufa'ozGHUNzdK;a&;twGufoHk;apygw,f? 'gayrJU wufqif&JU aus;vufzGHUNzdK;a&; pDrHudef;awG[m tpdk;&ya&m*sufyHkpHxuf wufqifu olUaiGeJYol tvSLay;aewJY yHkpHrsKd;Nzpfaew,fvdkU a0befolrsm;u axmufNyBuw,f/ aemufwcg wufqifu wqifYwdk;NyD; 'DaiGawGeJY vDbmyl;abmvHk;toif;udk 0,fr,fqdkawmU ,cifu wufqifudk arQmfvifYcsufBuD;pGm apmifYBunfYaewJY pme,fZif;awGeJY ynmwwf vlvwfwef;pm;awG[m pwifNyD; wufqif&JU pD;yGm;a&;NyKNyifaNymifvJrSKawG edkifiHa&;aNymifvJrSkawGudk a0befvmBuygw,f/

    'DvDbmyluvyfudk 0,fzdkUqdkwm wufqif[m wu,fbJ abmvHk;0goem&Sifvm;? abmvHk;&l;xdkif;NynfolawGtBudKufudk odvdkU edkifiHa&;t& tDwvDu bmvlpudkeDvdk ay:NyLvmvkyfwmvm;? 'grSr[kwf acwfopfolaX;rSef&if &GufavSydkif&r,f? NydKifNrif;ydkif&r,f? abmvHk;uvyfydkif&r,f qdkwJYpum;udk tm;usvdkUvm; qdkwmawmU b,folrSrodyg/ 'gayrJU wufqifu olYudk,fydkifydkufqHeJY r0,fbJ csJxDa&mif;&wJY ydkufqHeJY 0,fzdkUBuHwmNzpfw,f/ (oludk,fydkifydkufqHeJY0,f&if olUNyxm;wJY ydkifqdkifrSKawGudk vlawGu oHo,&SdrSmpdk;wmvJ ygr,fvdkU a0befolawGu axmufNyygw,f)

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  6. #6
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    Default

    Quote Originally Posted by mokenlay View Post

    'DyGJrSm wufqif[m t&rf;vSywJY edkifiHa&;upm;uGufawGudk upm;oGm;wmawGY&ygw,f/ wzufu tNywftowftedkif&atmif wdkufaecsdefrSm Nrefrmppftpdk;&udk aysmUaNymif;wJY oHwrefpum;awG aNymaecJYygw,f/ NywfNywfom;om; tedkif&wmeJY wufqif[m a&S;enf;twdkif; yk*
    dKvfa&;vrf;aBumif;awGuqifY ppftpdk;&udk rsufESmcsKdaoG;NyD; NrefrmNynfodkUoGm; twdk;rJYacs;aiGawG ('Dudp[m aemufydkif;wufqifudk w&m;pGJwJY pGJcsufwck Nzpfvmygw,f) eJY rufvHk;ay;vdkU ppfyGJNzpfcJYwmudk arYaysmufapygw,f/ 'gUtNyif xdkif;edkifiHtusKd;tNrwfawGxGufaprJY pD;yGm;a&;oabmwlcsufawG? oHvGifNrpfa&tm;vQyfppfeJY &Srf;ukefNyifNrifUta&SYbufeJY u&ifNynfe,fu aNrawGudk iSm;&rf;zdkU pwJYudpawGrSm ppftpdk;&qDu oabmwlcsuf&atmifawmif vkyfvmedkifcJYygwJYtwGuf xdkif;edkifiHrSm wufqifudk ,HkBunfudk;pm;rSKawG t&rf;udkNrifYwufvmcJYygw,f/
    udkrdkuefav; Mum;NzwfNyD;aNymvdkufOD;r,f? oufqif ekdifiHa&;upm;uGufawGrupm;cifpyfMum;rSm zdtm;awG&SdaecJhwmudkrSwfrdw,fAs/ bmvJqdkawmh Nrefrmbufu e,fpyfukefoG,fa&;udkwbufowfydwfypfvdkufvdkY pD;yGm;a&;vkyfief;awGxdcdkufoGm;wJh ,kdk;',m;e,fpyfukefonfawGu Nrefrmtpdk;&eJYqufqHa&;aumif;vmatmif oufqifudk0dkif;0ef;wdkufwGef;Muw,fvdkYMum;vdkuf&w, f/ e,fpyfukefoG,fa&;r&SdvdkY w&ufrSm bwfaiGoef;aygif;rsm;pGm epfemqHk;&HI;ae&w,fvdkY nD;wGm;Muw,fwJh/ odyfrMumygbl;? ppftpdk;&eJYqufqHa&;aumif;wJh csmAmvpfudk &efukefvTwfNyD; Nidrf;csrf;a&;vkyfcJhw,f? tJ'DcsdefupNyD; ESpfedkifiHe,fpyfppfyGJb,fawmhrS rNzpfcJhoa,mifeJY oufqifvJ &efukefudka&mufvmw,f? ukefoG,fa&;pmcsKyfawGvufrSwfxdk;Muw,f? owif;pmawGrSmvJ ,dk;',m;qefUusifa&;aqmif;yg;awGrawGU&awmhbl;? a'gufwmrwif0if;bJ Mum;rSmtzm;aumif;vdkY ,dk;',m;ADZmtydwfcHvdkuf&w,f/
    Mum;rSmNznfhay;vkdufwmyg? cifAsm;Zwfvrf;&SnfOD;r,fqdkwmodw,f? Nzpfekdif&if o&uftopfwckawmifzGifhoifhw,fAsm/ [dk;a&S;uwnf;u ,dk;',m;NrefrmZwfvrf;awGudk ,dk;',m;buftNrifawGeJYzwf&&ifaumif;r,f/ ,dk;',m;awG&JU NrefrmedkifiHtay:oabmxm;awGudkvJodcsifw,fAs/
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    Default tydkif; 6

    wufqif&JUta&SU cRefvDydkif&JU 'Drdku&uftpdk&vufxufrSm tm&SpD;yGm;a&;tBuyfwnf;aBumifY txdemcJYwJY edkifiHpD;yGm;a&;udk ukpm;zdkU I.M.F u aiGoef;aygif;rsm;pGm (a':vmoef;5000 vdkUxifygw,f) acs;,lcJYygw,f? 'g[m udk,fYudk,fudk,f tm&Susm;qdkNyD; b0ifav[ufcsifaewJY tBuGm;tifrwefoefwJY xdkif;awGurauseyfygbl;/ wufqifu olwufvmNyD;rBumrSDrSmbJ 'DtaBuG;udkNyefqyfvdkufw,fvdkU vlawGu wufqif&JU pD;yGm;a&;NyKNyifaNymif;vJrSKawGudk taumif;tNrifeJY BudKqdkBuygw,f/ 'DaemufawmU tm;aumif;aumif;eJY pD;yGm;a&;NyKNyifaNymif;vJa&;udk rpwmwufqif vkyfawmUwmygbJ/

    wufqifrwdkifrSD xdkif;tpdk;&tqufqufu usifUoHk;vmwJY pD;yGm;a&;rl0g'rsm;t& a&ay;a0rSK? vQyfppf? vrf;yef;? pmwdkuf-aBu;eef;? qufoG,fa&;eJY rD;&xm;wdkU[m edkifiHydkif pD;yGm;a&;awGNzpfNyD; trsm;tm;NzifY vlxkoufomatmif tpdk;&u t&SKH;cH? tepfemcHNyD; vkyfaqmifcJYBuygw,f/ ( 'gawGudk ynma&;vdkbJ wdkif;Nynfu t&if;tESD;NrKwfESH &r,fvdkU xdkif;awGu oabmxm;cJYBuwmyg)? wufqifu 'Dt,ltqawGudk aNymif;vJNyD; 'DedkifiHydkifvkyfief;awGudk yky
    vd*vufxJa&mif;csvdkufygw,f/ 'gayrJY 'Dvkyfief;awGudk ydkifqdkifoGm;olawGtm;vHk;[m oleJYeD;pyfolawGom Nzpfw,fvdkU qdkygw,f/ ykyvd*vkyfief;awG&JU xHk;pHtwdkif; tNrwftpGef;udk BunfY&awmU vQyfppfrD;cawG a&cawG[m NrifYwufvmygw,f/

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    quf&ef ...

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    mPfay;wJY udkeD,dkeJY udk'kutdk;wdkUudk aus;Zl;wifygw,f? 'gayrJU aemufxyf 3 ydkpfYavmufqdk vufpowfawmUrSmrdkU o&uftopfrzGifYawmUygbl;? ae&m&SKyfoGm;ygvdrfYr,f/ uRefawmfYtaeeJY yxrawmU 4ydkpfYavmufeJU NywfoGm;r,fvdkU xifcJYwm? a&;&if; ydkpfUawGrsm;oGm;w,f)
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  8. #8
    VIMC r[m;',m; Cupid   mokenlay is on a distinguished road mokenlay's Avatar
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    Default tydkif; 7

    ppfwyfudk tqifYavQmUcszdkUtwGuf &nf&G,fNyD; ppfwyfwGif;&mxl;ae&m taNymif;tvJudk vkyfaqmifcJYwJU wufqif&JU vkyf&yf[mvnf; aemufydkif;olUudk ppfwyfu tmPmodrf;NyD; NzKwfcswJYtxdNzpfoGm;apygw,f/

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    AdkvfcsKyfBuD; zDabmqGefu&rfvufxufupNyD; aBuG;ausmfcJYwJY trsKd;-omoem-bk&if qdkwJY aBuG;ausmfoHeJYtwl bk&if[m vufeufudkifwyfzGJYawG&JU av;pm;udk;uG,frSK &&SdcJYwJYtNyif zdabmqGefu&rfudk qufcHwJY AdkvfcsKyfBuD; q&pfvufxufupNyD; Bunf;-a&-av eJY ykvdyfwyfzGJU OD;pD;NzpfrJYol[m eef;awmftwGif; bk&ifYtyg; umvwcktxd cpm;NyD;rSom bk&ifYaxmufyHUcsufeJY OD;pD;Nzpf&ygw,f ('gaBumifY vufeufudkif wyfzGJUawGudk bk&ifu BoZmvTrf;wmvdkU qdkBuygw,f)/


    1960-70-80 ESpfrsm;eJY 1992 vlxk&JU 'Drdkua&pDawmif;qdkrSKudk ppfwyfu tBurf;zuf ESdrfeif;cJYNyD;wJYaemufydkif;rSm edkifiHa&;orm;awG[m taNccHOya't&aomfvnf;aumif; vuf&SdtmPmeJYaomfvnf;aumif; ppfwyfudk xdrf;csKyfNyD; tpdk;&&JU vufatmufu 0efxrf;tzGJY NyefNzpfatmif usKd;pm;cJYBuygw,f/ txl;oNzifY 0efBuD;csKyfawG[m umuG,fa&;0efBuD;Xmeudk wGJudkifNyD; ppfwyfudk teD;uyfapmifYBunfBuavY&Sdygw,f/ 'DvdkeJY 1993 upNyD; 2006 ckESpftxd ppfwyf[m tpdk;&&JUvufatmufrSm &SdcJY&ygw,f/

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    m&,feJY BuHK&wmyg/

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    mquf&ygw,f/ tJ'DygwmeDqdkwm tif'dkeD;&Sm;&JU a&S; Ak'-[dEL tifyg,m oD&d0dZ,tifyg,m&JU wpdwfwydkif;Nzpfygw,f/ ('DoD&d0dZ,tifyg,m[m aemufydkif;rSm tydkif;ydkif; tpdwfpdwfNydKuGJNyD; tdEd,taemufbufurf;u *l*sm&wf ukefonfawGrSwqifY rlqvifbmom0if apmfbGm;(qlvwef) tkyfcsKyfcH a'oawGNzpfvmygw,f/ *l*sm&wfawG&JU tpvmrf[m tD&efedkifiHrSm Nrpfzsm;cHwmrdkU qGefeDrGwfqvifr[kwfwJY wrefawmf&JU oruf tvD aemufvdkuf oQD;,m;awG NzpfBuygw,f/ tcktcsdeftxd xdkif;awmifydkif;u tpvmrfpaumvm;awG[m tD&efedkifiHrSm bmoma&;ausmif;awG wufa&mufaeqJyg)/
    befaumufpmcsKyft& 'D 4 Nynfe,fudk xdkif;tpdk;& (xdkpOfu qD&rf-oQrf;)u olU&JUtkyfcsKyfa&;atmufudk qGJoGif;vdkufygw,f/ tJ'DtcsdefupNyD; 'Da'oawGrSm cGJxGufa&;wdkufyGJawG NzpfyGm;cJYNyD; ppfwyfu vTrf;rdk;csKyfudkifxm;&ygw,f/

    1992 'Drdkua&pDawmif;qdkrSKqE
    NyyGJawG NzpfNyD;wJYaemufrSm wufvmwJY t&yfom;tpdk;&u 'Da'orSm ppftkyfcsKyfa&;rS t&yfbuftkyfcsKyfa&;bufaNymif;NyD; w&m;Oya'pdk;rdk;a&;rSm ppfwyftpm; ykvdyfwyfzGJUeJY tpm;xdk;cJYayrJU tvkyfrNzpfcJYyg/ t"dutvkyfrNzpfwJY taBumif;t&if; 2csuf&Sdw,fvdkU qdkBuygw,f/ yxrtcsufu ppfwyfu ppfwef;vsm;awGrSmaeBuNyD; ykvdyfu vlxkBum;rSmaexdkifwmvdkU qdkygw,f? 'DvdkaexdkifNcif;aBumifY bmompum;-"avxHk;wrf;-udk;uG,frSK rwlnDrSKawGuae vlrSka&;Nyemrsm; (txl;oNzifY tdrfaxmifa&;) NzpfyGm;vm&mu a'ocHeJY ykvdyfBum; wif;rmrSKawG NzpfyGm;vmygw,f/ 'kwd,tcsufu pD;yGm;a&;orm;rsm;eJY ywfowfygw,f? t&ifu a'ocHpD;yGm;a&;orm;awGeJY ppfbuft&m&SdBuD;awG ylaygif;vkyfudkifaewJY vkyfief;BuD;awGrSm tusKd;tNrwft& ykvdyft&m&SdBuD;awG? olwdkUeJY ywfowfwJY Nynfr pD;yGm;a&;orm;awG 0ifa&mufvmwJYtcg wif;rmrSKNzpf&ygawmUw,f/ 'DvdktNzpfysufrsm;eJY tpvmrfcGJxGuform;awGaBumifY a'owGif;rNidrfroufrSKawG NzpfyGm;vmNyefawmU wufqift&if 0efBuD;csKyfNzpfwJY cRefvdydkif&JU 'Drdku&uftpdk;&[m awmf0ifrdom;pkrsm;tulnDeJY ppfwyf&JUtm;udk,lNyD; Nidrf0yfrSKudk tonf;toef Nyefvnfwnfaqmuf&ygw,f/ 'gtNyif a'ocHpD;yGm;a&;orm;awGudk &mxl;tm;udk;eJY Nyem&SmcJYwJY ykvdyft&m&SdBuD;rsm; NynfrpD;yGm;a&;orm;rsm;udkvnf; tNypfay;Ncif; e,faNymif;Ncif; &mxl;avQmUNcif;wdkU vkyfcJYygw,f/ t"dutaeeJY ppfwyfudk NyefvnfcsKyfudkifapcJYygw,f/

    wufqifvufxufa&mufawmU ppfwyf&JUtcef;u
    @udkavQmUcsaewJY wufqif[m rD;cJa'oBuD; 4cku ppfwyfawGudk ykvdyfwyfzGJUawGeJY Nyeftpm;xdk;Nyefygw,f/ ydkqdk;wmu ,ciftpdk;&vufxufu &mxl;cs? taNymif;ta&TUvkyfxm;wJY ykvdyft&m&SdawGudk 'Da'oqDNyefoGm;apwmygbJ/ 'DawmU ,ciftpdk;&udk wdkifwef;cJYwJY a'ocHpD;yGm;a&;orm;awG[m ykvdyfawG&JU vufpm;acsNcif;cH&ygawmUw,f/ tJ'DtcsdefrSm a'owckvHk;udk rD;xdk;ay;vdkufwmu 9/11 eJY t,fudkif'g;awG&JU tBurf;zufvkyfief;awG Nzpfygw,f/ JI -Jemmaah Islamiyah qdkwJY 'Da'ou tpvmrfrpftpGef;a&mufawG&JU axmufyHUrSKeJY AHk;cGJ vlowf pwmawG 'Da'orSm NyefvnfNzpfyGm;vmygw,f/ olYwdkU&JU &nf&G,fcsufuvnf; ,cifNynfe,fcGJxGufa&; tqifYuae NrefrmNynfawmifydkif;-xdkif;awmifydkif;-rav;&Sm;-tif'dkeD;,m;eJY zdvdydkifwdkUyg0ifwJY tpvmrfrpf &m0D edkifiHawmf xlaxmifa&; (,cif oD&d0dZ,-rdk*smyg[pf tifyg,m) tqifYtxd BuD;us,fvmygawmUw,f/

    2004 {y&,f 28 rSm rGwfqvifcGJxGuf 100 avmuf[m ykvdyf 10a,mufavmufudk owfNyD; ywmeDNrdKUv,fu xif&Sm;qHk;yvDBuD; uvlqtD yvDBuD;udk odrf;ydkufvdkufBuygw,f/ 'DwcgawmU ykvdyfwyfzGJYavmufeJY rNzpfawmUbl;qdkwm em;vnfvdkufwJU wufqif[m awmf0ifAdkvfoifwef; tywfpOf 7 qif; (vuf&Sd tpdk;&qefYusifa&; vlxkacgif;aqmif usefravmq&Dar&JU aoG;aomuf&Jabmf) emrnfausmf AdkvfcsKyf yJavmUzefeDudk 'Dudp
    udkifwG,fzdkU trdefYay;ygw,f/ b,fwdkufyGJrqdk NywfNywfom;om;wdkufwufolvdkU emrnfausmfol AdkvfcsKyfyJavmUzefeD[m yvDBuD;udk uGefref'dkrsm;eJY twif;0ifa&mufwdkufcdkufwmaBumifY cGJxGufrlqviftm;vHk; tokwfoifcHvdkuf&ygw,f/ 'DudpeJYywfowfNyD; vlUtcGifUa&;orm;rsm;eJY rD'D,mawG&JU ar;cGef;xkwfNcif;udk wufqiftpdk;& tNyif;txef;cH&um xdkpOfu umuG,fa&;0efBuD;tNzpf wm0ef,lxm;ol AdkvfcsKyfBuD;csmAmvpfa,mifcsKdif,ku AdkvfcsKyfyJavmUzefeDudk awmifydkif;Nidrf;csrf;a&;wyfzGJY OD;pD;csKyf&mxl;u z,f&Sm;vdkufNyD; ppfwyfrS tem;,lapvdkufygw,f/ 'gayrJU rD'D,mawG&JU a0befrSKawGu wufqiftpdk;&tay: wdk;vmygw,f/

    quf&ef ....
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  9. #9
    VIMC r[m;',m; Cupid   mokenlay is on a distinguished road mokenlay's Avatar
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    Default tydkif; 8

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