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Thread: jrefrmEdkifiHw0Srf; xl;qef;tHhMozG,f&m ae&ma'orsm;

  1. #11
    VIMC r[m;',m; Cupid   mokenlay is on a distinguished road mokenlay's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by botchan View Post
    udk*sife&,fbDtkdZuf

    tJ'D xHkvlrsdK;rsm; rsdK;wkef;aysmufuG,foGm;ygNyD/

    2006 ck 'DZifbmv rSwfwrf;t& 2a,mufyJusefygawmhw,f/

    tJ'D 2a,mufuvnf; tck SdcsifrS SdawmhrSmyg/

    jyemu

    tcsif;csif;om r*FvmaqmifMuojzihf Gene ysufpD;oGm;jcif;u t"dujzpfygw,f/ tjcm;Factor awGawmh jrefrmjynfe,fpGefe,fzsm;u vlawGjzpfwmudk;/ olwkdUb0u tvGefoem;zkdUaumif;ygw,f/ Life Expectancy u odyfenf;w,fAsm/ 35 avmufyJ Sdw,fvkdU zwfzl;w,f/

    abmhusef
    [dk;wkef;u od*FgYe'D NrefNynfaNrmufzsm;qdkwJY pmtkyfwpftkyfawGYzl;w,f (i,fao;awmU aumif;aumif; rzwfedkifbl;) q&mrif;ausmf eJY q&mewfEG,fa&;wmvm;rod/ tJ'DxJrSm x&kHvlrsKd;awGtaBumif;a&;xm;wm a&G;zwfzl;rdovdkbJ/ olwdkU&Gmav;rSm x&kHppfppf ta,muf20avmuf&Sdw,fvdkU a&;xm;ovdkvdk/ aumif;aumif;rSwfrdwmu tNzLtrJ "gwfyHkxJrSm x&kHvlBuD;wpfa,muf z&D;*sufuufvdk *sufuufBuD;0wfxm;wm olY'l;ausmfaewmudkyg/
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  2. #12
    Junior Cupid   umthaik is on a distinguished road
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    Quote Originally Posted by MrYoda View Post
    1975 0ef;usif a&TusifrSm jzpfcJhwJh udpudk &nfnTef;w,f xifygw,f ..
    &moDOwk qdk;0g;wJh twGufaMumifh avaMumif;vrf; qHk;jzwf&efcufcJwJh twGuf ajyjyiftaetxm;udk tuJcwfEdkifzdkY tedrfhysHqif;&muae awmifudk wdkufrdNyD; ysufqD;ukefwmyg ..
    tm;vHk; *sufav,OfawG jzpfygw,f... tJh'd tcsdefu av,OfawGrSm a&'g vdk tqifhjrifh navigation system awG wyfqifxm;jcif; r&Sdao;ygbl; ../ aemufqHk;tcsdeftxd a&'D,dk tquftoG,frjywfyg .. /
    tJ'Dwkef;u-avol&J (10)OD;aooGm;w,f/ wyfrawmfu-t&m&dSa[mif;
    wpfa,mufajymjyzl;wmu-avol&JawGtm;vkH;u DSA ausmif;qif;oli,fcsif;
    awGwJh/ xdkaeYu&moDOwkuraumif;vdkYedrfhedrfhysHvmcJh&m-wvrf;vkH;pum;
    awGrsm;?tmvl;ay;vmMuwm? avmyDwuvmwJh-"gwfMudK;udk0ifwdkufawmh-av,Of(5) pif;pvHk;ysufusjyD;aoukefwmwJh/usGefawmfMum;zl;wmudkajymwmyg/
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  3. #13
    Chief Meteorologist Wizard Cupid   heronaing is on a distinguished road heronaing's Avatar
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    tylcsdefjyif;onfYa&ylacsmif;

    xm;0,fjrdwfum;vrf;ay:rSm yJ'ufqkdwJYaus;&GmMuD;wck&Sdygw,f yJ'JY&GmrSta&SUbufawmxJokd(2)rkdifavmufa0;wJYae&mr Smobm0ujzpfaygaewJY
    a&ylprf;vkdvkda&ylacsmif;vkdvkdae&mav;wck&Sdygw, f a&acsmif;uav;yg
    okdaomay(200)0ef;usiftwGif;pD;aewJYa&tm;vkH;[mqlaeygw,fb,favmuftxd
    ylovJqkd&if omrkdrDwmeJYwkdif;MunfU&if(130)cavmuf&Sdwmudkxljcm;pGmawGU&ygw,f
    xkda&acsmif;xJua&ukdcGufeSifYcyf,ljyd; MuufOwnfUr,fqkd&if MuufO[mcsufcsif;usuf
    oGm;ygw,f...vbufajcmufwnfYygunf;...tcg;&nftjzpfcsu fcsif;ajymifvJoGm;ygw,f
    wcsdKUae&mawGrSmqkd&ifajrMuD;xJuyef;xGufaewJYa&yla iGU[m(10)ayavmuft&Snf&Sdygw,f
    ,if;a&aiGYem;ukdrnfolrQteD;okdUruyfekdifyg..
    xm;0,feJYjrdwfukda&mufvkdU&Sd&ifA[kokw&&eftvkdUiSgoGm;a&mufavYvmekdif&efvrf;nTefvkdu f
    ygw,f
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  4. #14
    Junior Cupid   umthaik is on a distinguished road
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    Quote Originally Posted by heronaing View Post
    tylcsdefjyif;onfYa&ylacsmif;


    okdaomay(200)0ef;usiftwGif;pD;aewJYa&tm;vkH;[mqlaeygw,fb,favmuftxd
    ylovJqkd&if omrkdrDwmeJYwkdif;MunfU&if(130)cavmuf&Sdwmudkxljcm;pGmawGU&ygw,f
    ,f
    udk [D;&dk; - a&&Jh boiling point [m 100 C (or) 212 F yJ&dSw,f/ temperature 100 C a&mufvdkY heat ydkrsm;vm&if a&aEG;aiGY steam tjzpfajymif;oGm;w,f/ avmuMuD;rSm 130 C &dSwJha&.....r&Sdyg/ 130 C &dSwJh a&aEG;aiGYyJ&dSygw,f/
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  5. #15
    Noble Contributor Senior Cupid   ganan is on a distinguished road ganan's Avatar
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    Quote Originally Posted by GeneralBoz View Post
    jrefrmEdkifiHtv,fydkif; yJcl;&dk;rwavSsmufeJUqufvSsuf awmifndKawmifwef; (ac tv,f&dk;rw0dkufrSm [kd;,cifuwnf;u oHvdkufpufuGif; Magnetics Field jzpfay:aewmudk jrefrmjynfol 99 &mcdkifESKef;rodMuao;yJ &SdaecJhygw,f/
    jrefrmjynfbmjrL'gvdkUvnf; ysOf;rem;om;tcsdKU od&SdMuygw,f/

    awmifndKawmifwef;onf vuf&Sd aejynfawmf? ysOf;rem;w0dkufwGif&Sdygonf/

    tJ'D oHvdkufpufuGif;&JUxl;jcm;rSKrSm awmifndKawmifwef;w0dkuf tay:rS jzwfysHaom
    rnfonfh,mOfrqdk a&'geJU qufoG,fa&;qdkif&m ud&d,mrsm;tm;vHk;vHk;0 tvkyfrvkyfawmhjcif;? obm0tavSsmufxGuf&Sdaom a&rsm;? ajrrsm;tm;vHk; teDa&mifom&Sdjcif;rsm; jzpfay:vsuf&Sdygw,f/
    ...........................................
    ................................


    usL;ypfnDtpfudkwdkUvnf; xif&mjrif&mawGawG;jyD;.... wjcm;xl;qef;tHhMozdkUaumif;wJh ae&mav;awG taMumif;rSsa0ay;apvdkygw,fAsm...

    av;pm;pGmjzifh
    AdkvfcsKyf
    udkAdkvfcsKyf aNymrS usaemf wckowd&rdw,f ....
    ysOf;rem; ra&mufcif a&eDNrdKUteD;em;rSm &SdwJh uGef;acsmif;a&tm;vsyfppfpDrHudef; vkyfaqmifaewJh ae&meJY rvSrf;rurf;rSm (awmif 1 vHk;avmufausmf&r,feJYwlw,f) vSdKPfacgif;wckazmufvkyfaewmudkawmh od&SdcJh&ygw,f .../ azmufvkyfolu NrefrmtrsdK;orD; tif*sifeD,m 1 a,mufNzpfygw,f .../
    2002 ckESpf uRefawmf a&muf&SdoGm;csdefrSm vSdKPf*l rkcf0tNyif awmif\ twGif;ydkif;odkY ay 30 cefYom a&muf&Sdygao;w,f .../ azmufvkyfaeaom vSdKPfacgif;&Sd&m awmif\ ywfvnfwGif awmifaygif;aNrmufNrm;pGm 0ef;&Hvsuf&Sdaeygw,f .../ vdkPf*l\ tus,fonf ay 100 rS ay 150 twGif; &Sdrnf[k cefYrSef;rdygonf/

    tJh ... tJ

    uRefawmf *Pmef; bmrS rodygcifnm ..

    bmbmrod *Pmef;
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  6. #16
    Noble Contributor Senior Cupid   Mahuya is on a distinguished road Mahuya's Avatar
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    udk[D;&dk;Edkifu xm;0,f ueJUwlvdkU ar;MunfhrvdkUyg/ uRefawmf xm;0,fudk ra&mufzl;vdkUyg/ Nrdwf eJU aumhaomif udkawmh a&mufzl;w,f/
    tckawmh pdwful;eJUyJ *l*vftyf uae c&D;oGm;ae&wm:-D/
    xm;0,fNrdKUudk a&mufzl;csifw,f/ uRefawmf "gwfyHkxJrSm xm;0,fudk Munfhawmh tNzLtpufav;awG trsm;MuD;awGUw,f/ teD;uyf Munfhawmh t0dkif;av;awGeJU aocsmawmh roJuGJbl;/ tJ'D tpufav;awGu bmawGvJvdkU uRefawmfxm;0,fom;awGudk ar;Munfhwmyg/ od&ifaNymNyay;yg/

    'Dwcg yHkawGwifwm udk;,dk;um;,m;eJU tqifraNybl;/ pmudkvJ atmufrSma&;vdkUr&yJ tv,frSma&;ae&w,f/ cgwdkif;qdk "gwfyHkudk aumfyDvkyfNyD; ayhpfvkyfvdkuf&if &aeNyD
    tckawmh wrsdK;yJ/ yHkawGu MuD;vGef;ae&if xHk;pHtwdkif;ayghaemf.. udkudkarmhwdkUyJ Nyifay;ygawmh/ aus;Zl; ( udkat;puf pwdkif)

    r[l&m/

    rl;csifaomufonfr[kwf aomufae&if;jzifh rl;oGm;jcif;rQom
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  7. #17
    Junior Cupid   Min Thar Gyi is on a distinguished road
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    uJ ysOf;rem;ol?ysOf;rem;om;awG ajzay;MuygOD;/
    tJ'De,fw0dkufrSm zdkcaemufqdkifwnfaewJh awmifoHk;vHk; &Sdovm;qdkwm/
    &Sdw,fqdk&ifawmh tifrwef tHhMop&maumif;wJh owif;wpfckajymjyr,f/
    r&Sdbl;qdk&ifawmh armifESif;Mum;wJh owif;udk aumv[v vdkYyJrSwfvdkufawmhr,f/

    qm;ykvif; ESif;armif (tJ..[kwfygbl; ) armifESif;
    vdkcsifwmr&&if...&wmvJr,lbl;uGm
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  8. #18
    VIMC Busy   botchan is on a distinguished road
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    Quote Originally Posted by Mahuya View Post

    xm;0,fNrdKUudk a&mufzl;csifw,f/ uRefawmf "gwfyHkxJrSm xm;0,fudk Munfhawmh tNzLtpufav;awG trsm;MuD;awGUw,f/ teD;uyf Munfhawmh t0dkif;av;awGeJU aocsmawmh roJuGJbl;/ tJ'D tpufav;awGu bmawGvJvdkU uRefawmfxm;0,fom;awGudk ar;Munfhwmyg/ od&ifaNymNyay;yg/

    ukdr[l&m

    tJ'g aumufkd;awG yHkxm;wmyg/

    xm;0,fwifr[kwfygbl;/

    ref;av;bufrSmvnf;jrif&wwfw,f/ tJ'Dbufu t0kdif;ykdao;w,f/ Ekd0ifbm 'DZifbmvavmufqkd&if jrif&ygw,f/

    uRefawmfuawmh av,mOfay:uMunfhzl;wm/

    abmhusef
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  9. #19
    Junior Cupid   md is on a distinguished road
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    Quote Originally Posted by heronaing View Post
    tylcsdefjyif;onfYa&ylacsmif;

    xm;0,fjrdwfum;vrf;ay:rSm yJ'ufqkdwJYaus;&GmMuD;wck&Sdygw,f yJ'JY&GmrSta&SUbufawmxJokd(2)rkdifavmufa0;wJYae&mr Smobm0ujzpfaygaewJY
    a&ylprf;vkdvkda&ylacsmif;vkdvkdae&mav;wck&Sdygw, f a&acsmif;uav;yg
    okdaomay(200)0ef;usiftwGif;pD;aewJYa&tm;vkH;[mqlaeygw,fb,favmuftxd
    ylovJqkd&if omrkdrDwmeJYwkdif;MunfU&if(130)cavmuf&Sdwmudkxljcm;pGmawGU&ygw,f
    xkda&acsmif;xJua&ukdcGufeSifYcyf,ljyd; MuufOwnfUr,fqkd&if MuufO[mcsufcsif;usuf
    oGm;ygw,f...vbufajcmufwnfYygunf;...tcg;&nftjzpfcsu fcsif;ajymifvJoGm;ygw,f
    wcsdKUae&mawGrSmqkd&ifajrMuD;xJuyef;xGufaewJYa&yla iGU[m(10)ayavmuft&Snf&Sdygw,f
    ,if;a&aiGYem;ukdrnfolrQteD;okdUruyfekdifyg..
    xm;0,feJYjrdwfukda&mufvkdU&Sd&ifA[kokw&&eftvkdUiSgoGm;a&mufavYvmekdif&efvrf;nTefvkdu f
    ygw,f

    udk[D;&dk;Edlif
    uRefawmf wdkYqDrSm awmh ewfay;wmaygh Asm/avhvmMunfhawmh tNcm;ae&m tawmfrsm;rsm;rSm vJ olYa'otvdkuf yHkNyifav;awGvdk aNymMuwmvJ &Sdw,fayghAsm? wcsdeftawmfa0;a0; wkef;uyg/ tckawmh rD;eJYa&xdawGY&mu NzpfMuwmudk tawmfrsm;rsm;u em;vnfoGm;MuygNyD/ xHk;ausmufaMumifh NzpfwJh a&yltdkifeJYawmh rwlygbl;/ xl;Ncm;uGmNcm;csufawG &SdMuygw,f/ udk[D;&dk; aNymwJh vuPmrsdK;u Iceland rSm &SdwJh [meJY tawmfhudk qifygw,f/ tpuawmh olwdkY a'o&JY xl;qef;tHhMobG,f wpfaxmifhwpfn yHkNyifyghAsm/

    tckaemufydkif; 'gudk 8sDtdkomr,f tifem8sD NyefxkwfwJhae&mrSm oHk;Muygw,f/ tifrwefrS tqifaNyNyD;
    emissions vHk;0r&SdwJh obm0t&if; tNrpfudk toHk;csrIygyJ/ udk[D;&dk; aNymovdk avxJ xdk;xGufaewJh a&yl a&yef;vdkrsdK; &Sdw,fqdk&if ydkaumif;ygw,f/ xm;0,f wpfNrdKUvHk;awmif tJ'D tifem8sD pdkpfhuae vsyfppf aumif;aumif; ay;Edlifygvdrfhr,f/ 'gu uRefawmf udk[D;&dk; aNymwmudk rlwnf pOf;pm;ay;wmyg/ twdkif;twmudk awmh aocsm xyfrH wdkif;xGmzdkY vdkygvdrfhr,f/ Iceland rSmawmh tJvdk a&yl a&yef;&Sdygw,f/ 'gudk ydkufeJY oG,fNyD; Turbines, Generators awG v,fapNyD;/ EdlifiH&JU vsyfppfvdk tyfcsuf tawmfrsm;rsm;udk Nznfhqnf;ay;ygw,f/ Nyoemu refbmwpfa,muf aNymovdk Low Temperatures Conditions ygyJ/ Turbine twGuf taumif;qHk; tylcsdefu 400C and 650C Mum;rSm vdkY trsm;pku ,HkMunfcJh Muwmav;udk 'DNzpf&yfu trsm;MuD; tusdK; oufa&mufap cJhygw,f/ tckaemuf ydkif;rSm tJvdk Conditions rSm toHk;NyKEdlifwJh wmydkif twJGawGudk avhvmaeMuygw,f/ vuf&SdoHk;aeMuwmuawmh t&if vufa[mif; wmydkifawGudkyJ NyefNyifoHk;aeMuwmyg/ Machine and overall efficiency raumif;yg/ Ecology eJYEnvironmental saving ay: rlwnfNyD; oHk;aeMuygw,f/

    aNymomaNym&wm? twdktpudkompkwwfwJh udk,fawmf MuD;awGMum;&if vdkcsifwmNzwf,lNyD; [dkra&muf 'Dra&mufvkyfcsrSmvJ pdk;&drfrdygw,f/ odkYaomfvnf;ayghav ayghysufysuf bdkiftdk'DZ,fvJr[kwf? bdkiftdkrwfpfvJ r[kwfwJh Muufqlxuf awmh a'oqdkif&m'ku
    ay;rIrSm awmh oufomEdlifr,fxifaMumif;yg/ atmf pdwf0ifpm;cJh&if Iceland u puf&Hkav; 'DatmufuvifhcfrSm MunfhvdkY&ygw,f/
    xGufaewmrD;cdk; r[kwfygbl;/ Process a&aEG;aiGYawG bdGKifvmtcef;uae NzwfxGufvmMuwmyg/ tJwmav;wpfck avxkxJ a&aiGYyg0ifrI rsm;Nym;vmrIuawmh aumif;w,f raumif;bl; aocsmrodMuao;ygbl;/

    md

    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Nesjavellir
    http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Iceland


    Last edited by md; 08-25-2008 at 02:30 AM.
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  10. #20
    Junior Cupid   md is on a distinguished road
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    Quote Originally Posted by umthaik View Post
    udk [D;&dk; - a&&Jh boiling point [m 100 C (or) 212 F yJ&dSw,f/ temperature 100 C a&mufvdkY heat ydkrsm;vm&if a&aEG;aiGY steam tjzpfajymif;oGm;w,f/ avmuMuD;rSm 130 C &dSwJha&.....r&Sdyg/ 130 C &dSwJh a&aEG;aiGYyJ&dSygw,f/
    udk umthaikcifAsm;
    tJ'g
    Instrument error NzpfzdkY rsm;ygw,fcifAsm;/
    udk[D;&dk;MuD; xm;0,fudk omrdkrDwmav;udkif NyD; xaNy;aeygtHk;r,f/
    udk[D;&dk; MuHKcJh&wJh taetxm;u tJ'Davmuf
    Temperature 130C Nzpfaumif; NzpfoGm;Edlifygw,f/ uRefawmfMuHKbl;wJh tawGYtMuHKt&awmh 115pD avmuftxdawmh tylcsdefwufcJhbl;ygw,f/ Convention, Conduction, and Radiation wNydKif eufNzpfcJhwJh auhpfrsdK;awGrSm ywf0ef;usifrSm qdk&if uRefawmfwdkY cEmudk,f udkwdkif;wJh Ny'g;wdkifawG[m rSefuefwJh a'wm ray;Edlifygbl;/ tefx&dkyDudk tdkifwD;auhpf taeeJY arhxm;MuwmvJrsm;ygw,f/ tefomyDavmuf eJYompOf;pm;Muw,f r[kwfvm;/ aemufwpfcku Movement &SdaewJh water 'grSr[kwf fluid awGuvJ rSefuefwJh a'wm ray;Edlifygbl;/ wdkif;xGmwJh tcgrSm t&rf;udk owdxm;zdkYvdkygw,f/ tck udk[D;&dk;MuD; MuHKcJh wJh taetxm;High Steam, Vapor and Liquid tukefa&maewJh Surrounding wpfckrSmSensible, Latent heat awG a&maxG;aew,f qdkwmvnf; xnfh pOf;pm;&ef vdktyfygw,f/


    uRefawmf odwJh Nrpfa& tylcsdefwdkif;wmav;wpfck xJhay;vdkufygw,f/
    1/ yxrqHk; zefcGufwpfckudk udkwdkif;rJh erlema&udk Nznfh&ygw,f/
    2/ omrdkrDwmudk Nrpfa&xJ xJhwdkif;ygw,f/
    3/ rdepf tenf;i,f tMumrSm csufcsif;xkwfNyD; apmeu zefcGuf xJudkxJhygw,f/
    4/ Equilibrium position Nzpfatmif tcsdeftenf;i,fay;&ygw,f/ NyD;&if csufcsif;zwf&ygw,f/
    5/ tJvdkrsdK; 5Mudrfavmuf vkyfNyD; Average vkyf,l&ygw,f/ 'gu Nrpfa&avmuf wdkif;wJh enf;Nzpfygw,f/ xm;0,fu taNctaeqdk&ifawmhHigh Sensitivity and resistancet&rf;udk aumif;rGefwJh Resistance thermometers, Thermistors or Thermocouples pwmav;awGeJY wdkif;&if ydk tqifaNyr,fxifygw,f/

    aus;Zl;yg/

    md
    Last edited by md; 08-25-2008 at 05:06 AM.
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