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Thread: [mm]jrefrmbavmhESifh 0bfqdk'frsm;[/mm]

  1. #251
    Wannabe Cupid   vassal65 is on a distinguished road
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    tGefvdkif; vnfvnfoGm;&if; awGYcJhwJh site av;yg/ toHk;wJhr,fxifvdkYa0rSsvdkufygw,f/
    http://www.mmonlinewatch.com/
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  2. #252
    Wizard Cupid so so happy   skyblue199 is on a distinguished road skyblue199's Avatar
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    DVB TV vdkif;udk tGefvdkif;uae MunfhvdkY &aeygjyD/
    'DrSm

    tJh'D website uae a'gif;avmhvkyfjyD; install vkyfxm;vdkuf&if NEWS owif;vdkif;awGudk tGefvdkif;uaeMunfhvdkY &ygjyD/
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  3. #253
    Wannabe Cupid   phoenixK is on a distinguished road
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    bmoma&; site av;wpfckyg/ tusdK;rsm;r,fxifvdkY rQa0ay;vdkufygw,f/
    http://realenlightenment.org/

    q&mawmf OD;Ow
    ĺrom& &JY ]t0dZĆ rS 0dZĆmodkY} w&m;yg/
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  4. toHk;0ifvSaom ţpmydk'ftwGuf azmfjyyg rdwfaqG 25 OD;rS aus;Zl;wif&SdMuygonf


  5. 05-03-2009 11:12 PM


  6. #254
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  7. toHk;0ifvSaom ţpmydk'ftwGuf azmfjyyg rdwfaqG 22 OD;rS aus;Zl;wif&SdMuygonf


  8. #255
    VIMC Wizard Cupid -   Ares is on a distinguished road Ares's Avatar
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    Default COIN tydkif; (2)

    COIN tydkif; (2)
    rcifrrrsdK;bavmh rS ul;,lazmfjyygonf/

    (2) vlxkESifh awmfvSefa&;orm;rsm;tm; uif;uGmatmif jyKvkyfjcif;

    awmfvSefa&;eJUywfoufjyD;? emrnfausmfMum;vSwJh theorist wOD;jzpfwJh armfpDwkef;&JU tqdktrdefUudk xnfhoGif; ajymMum;vdkygw,f/ armfpDwkef;u yifv,fxJrSm ig;av;awG ul;cwfaeovdkyJ awmfvSefa&;orm;rsm;[mvJ vlxkxJrSm vSKyf&Sm;&r,fvdkU qdkygw,f/ vlxkeJU awmfvSefa&;[m uif;uGmvdkUr&ygbl;/ 'Dae&mrSm vlxkeJU awmfvSefa&;eD;uyfrSK? wom;wnf;jzpfrSKqdkwmeJU ywfoufjyD; tawG;tac:trsdK;rsdK;? cH,lcsuftrsdK;rsdK; &Sdaewwfygw,f/ wcsdKUu vlxkxJrSmyJ awmfvSefa&;orm;u ae&r,f? wcsdKUusawmhvJ vufeufudkifawmfvSefa&; ppfrsufESmrSmyJ ae&r,f? wcsdKUuusawmhvJ wjcm; ppfrsufESmawG rSmvJ yg0if&r,fpojzifh trsdK;rsdK; qdkwwfMuygw,f/ b,fvdkyJjzpfjzpf awmfvSefa&;ppfrsufESm ig;&yfjzpfwJh ppfa&;ppfrsufESm? EdkifiHa&;ppfrsufESm? vlrSKpD;yGm;a&; ppfrsufESm? tawG;tac: cH,lcsuf ppfrsufESm? EdkifiHwumppfrsufESmpwJh ppfrsufESm w&yf&yfrSm yg0ifaerSKtm;vHk;[m awmfvSefa&;&JU tiftm;awGyJjzpfygw,f/ 'DppfrsufESm tm;vHk;rSm [efcsufnDaezdk h txl; vdktyfvSygw,f/ b,fvdkppfrsufESmrsdK;rSm ygwmyJjzpfjzpf t"duuawmh awmfvSefa&;tay:rSm vlxk&JU axmufcHrSK &SdaezdkUyJ jzpfygw,f/ vlxkeJU awmfvSefa&; wom;wnf; &Sdaeoa&GU? awmfvSefa&;orm;awG tay:rSm vlxku av;pm;rSK&Sdaeoa&GU? awmfvSefa&; acgif;aqmifawG tay:rSm vlxku ,HkMunfrSK &Sdaeoa&GU awmfvSefa&; csdefcGifvSsmu awmfvSefa&;orm;awGbufrSm &SdrSmjzpfygw,f/ 'Dvdkr[kwfawmhyJ vlxku awmfvSefa&;udk ,HkMunfrSK tm;enf;vmcJh&if? csdefcGifvSsmu COIN operations qifETJwJh tpdk;&yJjzpfjzpf? tmPm&SifawGyJjzpfjzpf? olwdkUbufudk ,drf;oGm;wwfygw,f/

    'gaMumifhvJ COIN enf;AsL[mu vlxkeJU awmfvSefa&;udk cGJxkwf&r,fvdkU qdkxm;ygw,f/ 'Dvdkuif;uGmatmif vkyf&mrSm yxr wenf;uawmh awmfvSefa&; orm;awG t0iftxGuf&SdwJh &GmawGudk ajymif;a&TUrSKyg/ bdktif;ppfyGJumv? rav;&Sm;edkifi Hta&;ay:umv awGrSmwkef;u jAdwdoSsppfwyfu 'Denf;vrf;awGudk trsm;qHk; toHk;jyKcJhygw,f/ 'gayr,fh tckaemufydkif; umvawGrSm usawmh 'Denf;vrf; toHk;jyKrSKawGudk EdkifiHwumua&m? jynfwGif;jynfolvlxkawGuyg vufrcHMuawmhygbl;/ ppfr[mAsL[m avhvma&;ynm&Sif Kilcullen uawmh 'DbufacwfawGrSm 'Denf;vrf;awG toHk;rjyKoifhawmhbl;vdkU qdkxm;ygw,f/ olu 'Dvdkvkyfjcif;tm;jzifh vlxkeJU awmfvSefa&;udk vlcsif;uGJuGmatmifvkyfvdkufEdkifayr,fh pdwfydkif;qdkif&mrSmusawmh awmfvSefa&;orm;awGudk vlxku ydkrdkaxmufcHrSKay;oGm;Edkifw,fvdkU qdkxm;ygw,f/

    aemufwrsdK;uawmh awmfvSefa&;acgif;aqmifawGeJU vlxkudk uif;uGmatmif jyKvkyfenf;yg/ 'Denf;uawmh ydkrdkodrfarGUjyD;? &GmawGajymif;a&TUrSKvdkrsdK; vltrsm;udk xdcdkufwm r[kwfayr,fh vufawGUrSm ydkrdkxda&mufygw,f/ ta&;ygwJh acgif;aqmifawGudk vkyfMuHowfjzwfrSK (targeted assassinations)eJU ESpf&Snfvrsm; zrf;qD;axmifcsrSK (long-term imprisonment) enf;vrf;awGeJU vlxkeJU acgif;aqmifawG uif;uGmatmif vkyfwmawGudk COIN qifETJwJh tpdk;&awmfawmfrsm;rsm;u jyKvkyfavh&Sdwwfygw,f/ 'Denf;vrf;[m vlyk*ždKvfudk;uG,frSK jyKvkyfwwfavh&SdwJh tm&SeJU tmz&duEdkifiHwcsdKUrSm ydkjyD;xda&mufygw,f/ 'DvdkvlUtzGJUtpnf;awGrSm qdk&if ay:aygufcJhzl;wJh acgif;aqmifawGtay:rSmyJ opöm&SdrSK? ,HkMunfudk;uG,frSKawG &SdaewwfwmjzpfwJhtwGuf 'Dacgif;aqmifawG usqHk;oGm;&if? tusOf;usoGm;&if awmfvSefa&;wckvHk;[m z&dkz&JjzpfawmhwmygyJ/ 'gawGudk jyefvnfxdef;odrf;Edkifr,fh acgif;aqmifawG ay:vmzdkUqdkwm tvGefyJ cJ,Of;wwfovdk? ay:aygufvmcJh&ifvJ t&ifacgif;aqmifa[mif;&JU aemufvdkufawGu olwdkUacgif;aqmifudk tpm;xdk;w,fvdkU ,lqjyD;? wdkufcdkufcGJxGufrSKawG jzpfvmawmhwmygyJ/ tm&S? tmz&duwdkufrSm COIN operations awG atmifjrifcJhrSK[m tpdk;&awG&JU t&nftcsif;qdkwmxuf 'Denf;AsL[m&JU xda&mufrSKaMumifhvdkU qdk&if rrSm;ygbl;/ awmfvSefa&;tzGJUtpnf;? vlUtzGJUtpnf; twGif;rSm&SdwJh 'Dvdkpdwf"mwfawGudk rjyifEdkifoa&GU awmfvSefa&;csdefcGifvSsm[m awmfvSefa&;orm;awGbufudk a&mufzdkU rvG,fygbl;/

    aemufenf;vrf;wckuawmh vlxku awmfvSefa&;tay: ,HkMunfrSK uif;rJhatmif jyKvkyfwJh enf;vrf;yJjzpfygw,f/ 'DvdkjyKvkyf&rSm tedrfhqHk;yk*ždKvfa&;&m tykyfcsrSKawGuae tjrifhqHk; awmfvSefa&;w&yfvHk;&JU image udk ysufpD;apwJhtxd tqifhqifh aqmif&GufrSKaw Gjzpfygw,f/ 'Dvdkvkyf&mrSm yxrqHk;taeeJU vlxk&JU wefzdk;xm;rSK toGiftrsdK;rsdK;udk azmfxkwf&ygw,f/ jyD;wJhtcgrSmusrS 'Dwefzdk;xm;rSKawGeJU yĽdyuŠjzpfapEdkifwJh awmfvSefa&;orm;awG&JU tm;enf;csufawGudk &SmazG&ygw,f/ vltrsm;eJU pkzGJUxm;wJh awmfvSefa&; tzGJUtpnf; jzpfwJhtwGufaMumifh b,fvdkrSa&SmifvTJvdkUr&wJh yk*ždKvfa&;tm;enf;csuf awGuawmh trsm;MuD; &SdaewwfwmygyJ/ qHk;jzwfcsuf? vkyfaqmifcsuf trSm;t,Gif;awG vHk;0uif;pifwJh awmfvSefa&;qdkwm urÇmay:rSm r&SdcJhao;ygbl;/ ta&;MuD;qHk;uawmh vleJU pepfudk cGJxkwfjrifwwfrSK ygyJ/ b,fvdkyJjzpfjzpf tJ'Dtjrif cdkifcdkifrmrm r&Sdao;wJh vlUtzGJUtpnf;awGrSmusawmh yk*ždKvfa&; tm;enf;csufawGudk toHk;jyKjyD;? vlxku awmfvSefa&;tay: awmfvSefa&;orm;awGtay: ,HkMunfrSK uif;rJhatmif jyKvkyfwJhenf;u xda&mufvSygw,f/ 'Denf;aMumifh vlxku tpdk;&bufrSm ygoGm;wm r[kwf&ifawmif? awmfvSefa&;bufrSmvJ r&SdawmhyJ Mum;aeqdkwJh vlwef;pm;MuD; w&yf xkeJUxnfeJU ay:aygufvmwwfawmhwmygyJ/ 'gaMumifh awmfvSefa&;w&yfrSm 0g'jzefUcsda&;,Eĺ&m;wck cdkifcdkifrmrm &Sdaeoifhw,fvdkU awmfvSefa&;awGeJU ywfoufwmawGudk avhvmolawGu tqdkjyKxm;cJhMuwmyg/ 'Dvdk awmfvSefa&;w&yfrSm 0g'jzefUcsda&;,Eĺ&m;&SdzdkUvdktyfovdk? awmfvSefa&;orm;awG bufuvJ rdrdwdkU awmfvSefa&;&JU twGif;a&;udpöawGudk raygufMum;atmif xdef;odrf; wwfEdkifrSKuvJ vdktyfvSygw,f/ 'geJU ywfoufjyD; wcsdKUu yGifhvif;rSK? vGwfvyfpGm ajymqdkcGifhqdkwJh pum;vHk;awGudk toHk;jyKjyd;/ twGif;a&;&m udpöawGudk ajymoifhw,fvdkU jyefvSefjiif;qdkrSKawG &Sdwwfygw,f/ 'D&SKaxmifhuae Munfhr,fqdk&if rSefayr,fh? ppfa&;? edkifiHa&;? ukefoG,fa&; udpöawGrSm t&mtm;vHk;udk vGwfvyfpGm ajymqdkcGifh wckwnf;eJU wdkif;wm owfrSwfvdkU r&ygbl;/ ]igwdkU tar&duefwyfawGawmh b,faeUb,f&uf? b,ftcsdefrSm tD&wfudk usL;ausmfawmhr,fa[h} vdkU b,fyifw*Geft&m&SdurS xkwfajymcJhrSm r[kwfygbl;/ ppfa&;? EdkifiHa&;? tzGJUtpnf;a&;&mawGrSm vSsdKU0Sufoifhwmudk vSsdKU0Suf&ygr,f/ &dk;om;yGifhvif;rSKqdkjyD;? orŽwusrf;usdefyGJusrS ]ig av;wef;wkef;uav? oli,fcsif; wa,mufqDu aiGwrwfckd;zl;w,f/ tckrS 'g[m r&dk;om;rSKqdkkjyD; aemifw&aerdw,f}vdkU xajymwJh orŽwawGvJ urÇmrSm &Sdr,frxifygbl;/ wcsdKUaom taMumif;t&m awG[m rvdktyfyJeJU tusdK;r&SdyJ awmfvSefa&;yHk&dyfudk xdk;ESufzdkU &efolUvufeufawG jzpfoGm;wwfygw,f/

    COIN enf;AsL[muawmh 'Dvdkenf;rsdK;pHkudk toHk;csjyD; vlxkeJU awmfvSefa&;udk uif;uGmatmifvkyfzdkU vrf;nTefxm;ygw,f/ 'DvdkjyKvkyfzdkU taumif;qHk;vlawGuawmh vufeufcs vmolawGyg/ olwdkUudk toHk;jyK&if ydkjyD;atmifjrifEdkifw,fvdkU tqdk&Sd xm;ygw,f/ 'Dae&mrSm vufeufqdkwmeJU ywfoufjyD;? jiif;ckefrSKawG &Sdwwfygw,f/ vufeufqdkwmu vufeufudkifawmfvSefa&;? ppfa&; ppfrsufESmrSmqdk&if vufeuf cJ,rf;rD;ausmufawGudk qdkvdkwmjzpfjyD;? EdkifiHwumppfrsufESmrSmqdk&if EdkifiHwum tzGJUtpnf;rsm;&JU axmufcHrSK&,lzdkU pnf;&Hk;vSHKUaqmfa&;qdkif&m enf;vrf;awGudk qdkvdkygw,f/ udk,fvkyfwmudk axmufcHrSKvdkU usGefrqdkxm;ygw,f/ olwdkU vkyfcdkif;wmudk vdkufvkyfrSK? olwdkUyJ vkyfay;ygqdkjyD; tm;udk;rSKudk usGefrqdkvdkwm r[kwfygbl;/ vlrSK? pD;yGm; ppfrsufESmrSm qdk&ifawmh &HyHkaiG&SmazGa&;? &Jabmf&Jbufrsm;tcsif;csif; oma&;? ema&; udpö&yfawGrSm ulknDaqmif&Gufa&;? wbuf&efol&JU pD;yGm;a&;,Eĺ&m;udk xdk;ESufa&;qdkif&m enf;vrf;awGudk qdkvdkygw,f/ EdkifiHa&; ppfrsufESmrSm qdk&ifawmh vlxkpnf;&Hk;a&;? ajratmuf uvmbfpnf;wnfaqmufa&;? owif;tcsuftvuf pkaqmif;a&; pwJh enf;vrf;awGudk qdkvdkygw,f/ tawG;tac:cH,lcsuf a&;&m ppfrsufESmuawmh 0g'jzefUcsda&;? EdkifiHa&;t,ltqtawG;tac:rsm; jyefUESHUa&;? pmayjzifh pnf;&Hk; vSHKUaqmfa&;pwJh enf;vrf;awGudk qdkvdkygw,f/ 'DvdkppfrsufESmrsdK;pHku enf;vrf;awGudk toHk;jyKjyD; awmfvSefa&;rSm yg0ifwmr[kwfawmhyJ? ab;xGufxdkifaewmvJ r[kwfawmhyJ? rdrd&JU tawG;tac: cH,lcsufawG rSm;,Gif;cJhygw,fqdkjyD;? wbuf&efolxHudk tnHhcHvdkufwJhtcgrSm awmfvSefa&;orm; wpfa,muf vufeufcsoGm;w,fvdkU owfrSwfygw,f/ COIN enf;AsL[muawmh 'Dvdk vufeufcs vmolawGudk awmfvSefa&; yHk&dyfusqif;ap&ef xdk;ESufrSKawGtwGuf toHk;jyK&r,fvdkU qdkxm;ygw,f/

    (3) tpdk;&tkyfcsKyfa&;,Eĺ&m;cdkifrmatmif wnfaqmufjcif;

    wdkif;jynfrSmjzpfysufaewJh tajctaeawGudk rxdef;csKyfEdkifwJhtpdk;&[m vlxk&JU axmufcHtm;ay;rSK&zdkU rvG,fygbl;/ ppfa&;ynm&Sif Thompson qdkcJhovdkyJ oifhavsmf xda&mufwJh tpdk;&,Eĺ&m;r&SdyJ COIN operations atmifjrifzdkUqdkwm rjzpfEdkifygbl;/ tpdk;& tkyfcsKyfa&; ,Eĺ&m;udk cdkifrmatmif wnfaqmufzdkUu ta&;MuD;qHk;jzpfygw,f/ EdkifiHawmfeJU a'oqdkif&m tpdk;& tkyfcsKyfa&; ,Eĺ&m;rSm em;vnfwwfusGrf;wJh t&yfom; ynm&SifawG cefUtyfjyD;? bureaucratic routines, fiscal responsibility, legal procedures qdkwJh ta&;MuD;vkyfief;wm0efMuD;awGudk pepfwus taumiftxnfazmf &rSm jzpfygw,f/

    wdkif;jynfwck&JU z&dkr&JjzpfaecsdefawGrSm? awmfvSefa&;umvawGrSm tkyfcsKyfa&;,Eĺ&m;u ta&;MuD;qHk;yg/ wcgw&HrSm awmfvSefa&;orm;awG bufu tm;omjyD;? tpdk;&bufu &SHK;edrfhaewmawG jzpfvmwwfygw,f/ wcsdKUaom EdkifiHawGrSm ppfa&;eJU vlxkwdkufyGJ yl;aygif; azmfaqmifrSK &vm'faMumifh tkyfcsKyfaewJh tpdk;&&JU tmPmoufa&mufrSK avsmhenf; oGm;wmrsdK;awGvJ jzpfvmwwfygw,f/ 'DvdktajctaersdK;rSm tkyfcsKyfa&; ,Eĺ&m;udk jrefjrefqefqef toufoGif;EdkifwJhbufu tEdkif&wmygyJ/ 'gaMumifhvJ COIN eJU ywfoufwJh ynm&SifawGu political stability r&SdwJh EdkifiHwck&JU tpdk;&[m tkyfcsKyfa&; ,Eĺ&m;wckvHk; awmfvSefa&;orm;awG vufxJ rusa&mufEdkifatmif ajrjyif? a0[if twm;tqD;awG jyKvkyfxm;&r,fvdkU tMuHjyKxm;Muygw,f/ awmfvSefa&;orm;awG taeeJUuvJ tpdk;&jzKwfcs&HkqdkwmwckeJU rjyD;ao;yJ tkyfcsKyfa&; ,Eĺ&m;udk tcsdefwdktwGif; armif;ESiftoufoGif;EdkifzdkUtwGuf MudKwifjyifqifrS ppfrSefwJh atmifyGJu udk,fhvufxJ a&mufrSmjzpfygw,f/ 'Dtxd rjyifqifxm;yJeJU qdk&if tcsdefukef? vlyrf;jyD;? ay;qyf&wJh toufeJU b0awG tv[ójzpfwmyJ tzwfwifygvdrfhr,f/ um;wpD;udk rdrdwdkU ,HkMunf&m vrf;aMumif;ay:rSm armif;ESifEdkifzdkUta&;rSm um;udk ausmufcJeJU vSrf;xk&Hk? um;ay:wufxdkifjyD; armif;r,fholudk qG,fw&m;a[m&HkeJU &zdkU rvG,fygbl;/ um;udk &yfwefUEdkifatmif jyKvkyfjyD;? driving seat udk 0ifxdkifEdkifatmif MudK;yrf;&ygr,f/ 0ifxdkifjyD;vJ um;armif;wwfzdkUawmh vdkygao;w,f/ olwyg; armif;vmwJh um;udk&yfwefUatmif vkyfEdkifwJh t&nftcsif;&Sdwdkif;vJ um;udk usifvnfatmif armif;wwfr,fvdkU b,folrS rajymEdkifovdk? um;armif;wwfolwdkif;vJ olwyg;armif; vmwJhum;udk &yfwefUatmif vkyfcsifrS vkyfEdkifygvdrfhr,f/ 'DvdkyJ tpdk;&jyKwfusatmif awmfvSefa&; vkyfwwfwJhvl &Sdovdk? tkyfcsKyfa&;,Eĺ&m;rSmyJ usGrf;usifolawGvJ &Sdygw,f/ tcsdeftcgeJUtnD vlrSef? ae&mrSef jzpfzdkUygyJ/


    1950 0ef;usif umvawGrSmwkef;u urÇmeJUt0Srf;rSm EdkifiHawmfawmfrsm;rsm; vGwfvyfa&; &vmygw,f/ 'gayr,fh vGwfvyfa&;&p EdkifiHwdkif;vdkvdkrSm jynfwGif;ppfawG awmufavmifcJhygw,f/ tkyfcsKyfa&; ,Eĺ&m;awGudk pepfwus rwnfaqmuf EdkifcJhMuygbl;/ t"du jyóemuawmh tcsdeftcgeJUtnD? vlrSef? ae&mrSefjzpfzdkU udpöawGrSm oabmxm; uGJukefMuwmyJ/ olwyg; wdkif;jynfatmufu vGwfajrmufzdkUvGwfvyfa&; MudK;yrf;rSK awGrSmyJjzpfjzpf? rdrdwdkU wdkif;jynfwGif;u tmPm&Sif vufatmufu vGwfajrmufzdkU vGwfajrmufa&; MudK;yrf;rSK awGrSmyJjzpfjzpf touf? aoG;? acsG; ay;qyf&wmawG &Sdygw,f/ b0awG ay;qyf&wmawG &Sdygw,f/ 'DvdkeJU vGwfajrmuf vmwJhtcg ay;qyfcJholawGrSmvJ jzpfpOfordkif;twGuf rdrdudk,fudk *kPf,l0rf;ajrmufrSKawG &Sdaewwfovdk? tkyfcsKyfa&;,Eĺ&m;rSm ,cif tmPm&SifawG vufxufuwnf;u yg0ifaeMuwJh t&m&Sd? 0efxrf;rsm;uvJ aumif;cJhonfjzpfap? qdk;cJhonfjzpfap tkyfcsKyfa&;&m ,Eĺ&m;rSm tawGUtMuHK&SdolawG tjzpf rdrdudk,fudk cH,lxm;wwf Muygw,f/ wcg ESpfzufpvHk;rSm ryg0ifcJhwJh todynm&Sif? twwfynm&SifawGuvJ olwdkU&JU wdkif;a&;jynf&m todOmPfynmeJU ywfoufjyD; rdrdudk,fudk *kPf, l0rf;ajrmufaewmawG &Sdaewwfygw,f/

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    (4) tcsdef,lí aoG;cGJjcif;? t,ltq uGJjym;atmifjyKvkyfjcif;

    COIN enf;AsL[mawGxJu aemufxyfta&;MuD;wJh tcsufwcsufuawmh tcsdeftwefMum,ljyD; aoG;cGJjcif;eJU t,ltq uGJvGJatmif jyKvkyfjcif;yJjzpfygw,f/ ppfa&;usGrf;usifolawGu common sense udk toHk;jyKzdkU tMuHjyKMuygw,f/ ppfyGJ&JU tqHk;owfatmifyGJ qdkwm &efoludk owfjzwfacsrSKef;wm? zrf;qD; vdkufEdkifwm wckyJ r[kwf&bl;vdkU olwdkUu qdkxm;ygw,f/ t"duuawmh tawG;tac: t,lktqawGudk a00g;atmif jyKvkyfjyD; atmifyGJ,l&r,fvdkU qdkygw,f/ awmfvSefa&;c&D;qdkwm Murf;wrf;ygw,f/ tcsdefMumygw,f/ rsdK;qufwqufuae wquf vufqifhurf;jyD; vkyfMu&wJh tajctaersdK; txdvJ jzpfwwfygw,f/ 'gaMumifh rsdK;qufwckeJU wckMum;u tawG;tac: vufqifhurf;rSKawGudk jzwfawmufEdkif&if awmfvSefa&;cg;quf[m jywfoGm;wwfygw,f/ COIN operations jyKvkyfr,fholawGu 'Dtcsufudk tcGifhtvrf;tjzpf owfrSwf&r,fvdkU olwdkUu qdkygw,f/

    'Dvdk awmfvSefa&;cg;qufjywfoGm;atmif jyKvkyfEdkifcJh&if awmfvSefa&;[m wpwp ydkjyD; tcsdefMumygw,f/ tcsdefMumwmeJUtrSs rsdK;qufa[mif;awGtMum;rSm t,ltq uGJvGJrSKawG wpwp ydkrdkMuD;xGm;vmygw,f/ ppfrsufESm toD;oD;rSm vSKyf&Sm;aeolawG tcsif;csif; olUppfrsufESmu xda&mufw,f? olUppfrsufESmu rxda&muf pojzifh tjiif;yGm;rSKawG rsm;jym;vmygw,f/ [efcsufnD vkyfaqmifEdkifrSKxuf jydKifqdkifrSKawG? olrSefw,f? igrSefw,f jiif;ckefrSKawG? tcsdefMumaewJh awmfvSefa&;eJU ywfoufjyD; olUtjypf? udk,fhtjypf yHkcsrSKawGu ydkrdkMuD;xGm; vmygw,f/ 'gawG[m tcsdefMumaewJh awmfvSefa&;wdkif;&JU jzpf&dk;jzpfpOf "rŽwmawGygyJ/ "Walking the walk" vdkU ppfr[mAsL[m avmurSm ac:qdkMuwJh 'Denf;vrf;[m tpdk;&awGtwGufawmh tawmfudk xda&mufwJh enf;vrf;vdkU qdkEdkifygw,f/ bmvdkUvJqdkawmh 'gawGudk toHk;jyKjyD;? rsdK;qufopfeJU rsdK;qufa[mif;awGtMum;rSm aoG;cGJrSKawG? pdwf"mwfusaprSKawG? t,HktMunfuif;rJhrSK jzpfapEdkifvdkUygyJ/ tmz*efepfpwef pum;yHkwcku qdkxm;ovdkyJ "You have the watches, we have the time" qdkwJh tajctaersdK;yg/ awmfvSefa&;orm;awGtaeeJU 'gudk txl;owdjyKzdkU vdktyfvSygw,f/

    ed*Hk;

    ed*Hk;csKyfqdk&&if tckusGefr txufrSm a&;om;jyxm;wJh enf;vrf;awG[m ppfa&;usGrf;usifolrsm;u Counterinsurgency eJU ywfoufjyD; toHk;jyKzdkU azmfxkwf okawoejyK xm;MuwmawGyg/ EdkifiHaygif;rsm;pGmu jzpf&yfawG? oifcef;pm,lp&m tcsufrsm;pGm[m 'Denf;vrf;awGeJU qufpyfaeygw,f/ usGefrwdkU jrefrmEdkifiHu ppftkyfpk[m ppftpdk;&yDyD 'Denf;vrf;awGudk toHk;jyKcJh? toHk;jyKaeqJyJ qdkwm ordkif;jzpfpOfawGeJU ,SOfxdk;Munfh&if jrifomxif&Sm;vSygw,f/ 'Denf;vrf;awG&JU axmifacsmufawG xJudk rusa&mufEdkifzdkU awmfvSefa&;orm;awGtaeeJU aqmifoifhwmaqmif? a&Smifoifhwma&SmifjyD;? awmfvSefa&;csdefcGifvSsm udk,fhbufrSm tav;ydkomEdkifzdkUta&;twGuf a&S;&SKvkyfaqmifoifhygaMumif; wdkufwGef; ESdK;aqmfvdkuf&ygw,f/

    cifrrrsdK; (29? 4? 2009)

    rcifrrrsdK;bavmh rS ul;,lazmfjyygonf/
    Last edited by Ares; 05-05-2009 at 07:50 AM. Reason: Reformatted
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  9. toHk;0ifvSaom ţpmydk'ftwGuf azmfjyyg rdwfaqG 21 OD;rS aus;Zl;wif&SdMuygonf


  10. #256
    Senior Cupid   ZAM is on a distinguished road
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    azazhtaMumif; (atmif'if)

    rkd;rcu aqmif;yg;av;yg/ 'Daqmif;yg;a&;ol[m emrnfausmf pma&;q&m? ausmif;om;acgif;aqmif wm&mrif;a0&JU tpfukdjzpfolyg/ ol[m ]'w
    Ź}qkdwJh uavmifeJY uAsma&;cJhol? RIT ausmif;om;a[mif;? ausmif;om;acgif;aqmifwpfOD;jzpfygw,f/ olwkdY nDtpfukdESpfOD;vHk; 88 ta&;tcif;tNyD;rSm (wdrf;a˝Smifae&pOfvm;? xdef;odrf;cHxm;&pOfvm; raocsmyg) wkdufwkdufqkdifqkdif wpfcPrQ qHkwkef;rSm nDjzpfolu tpfukd&JU uavmifemrnfcGJwpfckjzpfwJh ]]wm&mrif;a0}} qkdwmukd trSwfw& awmif;,lcJhw,fvkdY zwf&zl;ygw,f/ ( uRefawmf Mum;zl;oavmuf? zwfzl;oavmufav;rkdY raocsmyg/ aocsmodolrsm; jznfhpGuf a&;ay;apvkdygw,f/)

    olwkdYtaMumif; aoaocsmcsm rodayr,fh odoavmufav;eJYukd tifrwef av;pm;&wJholawGjzpfygw,f/ tck olwkdYzcifBuD;taMumif; zwfvkduf&awmh rsKd;quf tqufquf vufqifhurf;cJhMuwJh wkdufyGJ0if ol&Jaumif;awGtjzpf ykdvkdY av;pm;&ygw,f/

    rkd;rc 0ifr&olrsm;twGuf a'gif;vkyfqkdufawGrSm jyefwifay;vkdufygw,f/

    sharebee

    mediafire
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  11. 05-07-2009 09:44 AM


  12. #257
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  13. toHk;0ifvSaom ţpmydk'ftwGuf azmfjyyg rdwfaqG 22 OD;rS aus;Zl;wif&SdMuygonf


  14. #258
    VIMC Godly Cupid -   Shwe Myoh Tharr is on a distinguished road Shwe Myoh Tharr's Avatar
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    azazh taMumif;
    atmif'if
    ar 6? 2009
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    - ESpf -
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    usaemfwdkUtdrfuav;rSm tifrwef {nfhonf rsm;vSygw,f? txl;ojzifh&kH;ydwf&ufawGrSmyg/

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    OD;vSarmif? usL&SifjyaewJh q&mauwDOD;ausmfwifh? a&SUaeMuD; tbwDyD0rf;? ˝kyf&Sif'g˝dkufwm ˝Şr0 OD;cspfpdef? "wfykHq&m OuúvmOD;0if;armif? pma&;q&m ndK0if; polawGygyJ/ armifarmifausmf&Jh taz ausmif;q&m udkae0if;vJ vmygw,f/ olwdkUawG tm;vkH;vdkvdk azazht&if qkH;yg;oGm;cJhMuygjyD/ usaemfu tJ'Dpum;0dkif;awGrSm a&aEG;Murf;tdk;awG wtdk;jyD; wtdk;csay;jyD; olwdkU&Jhb0tawGUtMuHKawG? emusifrIawG? pGefUpm;cef;awGudk warhwarm em;axmifcJh&wmyg/

    usaemh&Jhi,fb0rSm a&T,kefeJU a&Tusm; oufu,f&dyfoGm;wJhyHkjyifawG wcgrS rMum;cJh&ygzl;/ azazeJU olUrdwfaqGawG&Jh awmfvSefa&;umv tawGUtMuHKawG? udkudk;uGßef; tusOf;pcef;u wdkufyGJawG? ppftmPm&Sifpepfudk qefUusifMuwmawG? 'gawGom usaemhfi,fb0&Jh tdyf&m0ifyHkjyifawG jzpfcJhygw,f?

    - av; -
    azazeJUusaemf tjrifrwlMuwmawGvJ trsm;MuD;ygyJ/ usaemf 18 ESpfom; t&G,f pufrIwuúodkvff pwufcsdefrSm uAsmav;awG p a&;ygw,f/ usaemhfnD a&Tzkef;vl uvJ pmar;yGJ wzkH;zkH;usjyD; uAsma&;aeygjyD/ azazu usaemfwdkU uAsma&;wm vkH;0rMudKufygbl;/ pdwfavvGifhw,fvdkU ,lqygw,f/ usaemfu uAsmq&mMuD; '*kefwm&mudk MudKufw,fqdkawmh azazuajymzl;ygw,f/

    "udkaX;jrdKifu pdwful;,Oform;uG/ olUudk MudKuf&if rif;wdkY rSm;vdrfhr,f" wJh/

    'gayrJh usaemfwdkU&Jh uAsmtay:˝l;oGyfrIudk ol wm;vdkUr&EdkifawmhrSef; odwJhtcgusawmhvJ usaemf rxifrSwfwJh tultnD ay;jyefygw,f/ tJ'Dacwfumv 1980 0ef;usifrSm usaemfwdkUvli,fuAsmorm;awGtwGuf rdk;a0eJU &Ir0 r*žZif;MuD; ESpfapmif[m rD;˝Ş;wefaqmifyg/ rdk;a0eJU ˝Ir0udkyJ uAsmawGydkUjyD; rdk;a0eJU ˝Ir0rSm uAsmygrS atmifjrifw,fvdkU ,HkMunfMuwmyg/ tJ'Dr*žZif;MuD;ESpfapmifrSm uAsmygzdkUuvJ tifrwef rvG,fulwJh taetxm;yg/ azazu waeUawmh usaemhfudk pmwapmif ay;ygw,f/

    "rif; rdk;a0oGm;&if ,loGm;" wJh/

    pmu rdwfqufpm wdkwdkav;yg/ t,f'DwmcsKyf q&mewfEG,fudk trnf&if; OD;vSjrifheJU vdyfpmwyfjyD; a&;xm;ygw,f/

    "udkvSjrifha&? tckpmeJUvmol[m usaemhfom; tMuD;aumifyg? wwfEdkifoavmuf az;rapcsifygw,f …" wJh/

    usaemfuvJ tJ'Dpmuav;,ljyD; ausmufajrmif;u rdk;a0wdkufudk oGm;ygw,f/ q&mewfEG,fudk awGUjyD; azazhpmudk ay;ygw,f/ q&mewfEG,fu pmudk zwfMunfhjyD; azazh&Jh usef;rma&; tajctaeudk ar;ygw,f/ usaemhfudkvJ vl&if;wa,mufvdk yHkrSef wdkufudk0ifxGufzdkU rSmygw,f/ tJ'Daemufydkif; usaemhfuAsmav;awG rdk;a0rSm azmfjyjcif;cH&ygw,f/ azazeJU q&mewfEG,fwdkUu q&mOD;ndkjr&Jh tdk;a0owif;pmrSm vufaxmuf t,f'Dwmav;awGtjzpf trIxrf;cJhMuw,fvdkU od&ygw,f/

    rwwfomvdkU onf;cHae&ayrJh usaemhfqD vmvnfMuwJh oli,fcsif;uAsmorm;awGudkawmh azaz odyfMunfhvdkUr&cJhygbl;/ rMumcP vmjyD; usaemfhudk vbuf&nfqdkifoGm;zdkU ac:wwfwJh "aEGv,fae"udk ol awmfawmfrsufrkef; usdK;ygw,f/ wcgw&HrS vmwwfwJh tudkMuD; udkatmifcsdrfheJU udkacsmEG,fwdkUudkvJ vlMuD;vrf;ol&JawG qdkjyD; rqufqHyg/ usaemhfuAsmoli,fcsif;rsm;xJrSm ol cifcifrifrif qufqHwm aZ,s0wDrif;vGifpdk; vdkUac:wJh udkatmifjrifheJU tck aemfa0EdkifiHudk a&mufaewJh ESif;cg;rdk; ac: udka0vif;wdkU ESpfa,mufyJ &Sdygw,f/


    - ig; -
    1987 ckESpf? pufwifbm aiGpuúLta&;tcif;? 1988 rwfv ta&;tcif;eJU *Gßefv ta&;tcif;awGxJ yg0ifcJhwJh tcsdefawGupjyD; usaemf tdrfrSm rae&Jawmhyg/ ae&m rsdK;pkH a&TUajymif; ykef;atmif; aecJh&ygw,f/ tJ'DtcsdefawGrSm usaemfhudk vufcHzGufxm;ay;Muwmu azazh&Jh rdwfaqGMuD;rsm; ygyJ/ olwdkUtm;vkH;u olwdkU&JU rsdK;qufxJu uav;wa,muf olwdkUrjyD;jywfcJhwJh wm0efawGudk qufjyD; xrf;aqmifaewmudk *kPf,lMu 0rf;omMuygw,f/ tJ'DtcsdefrSm azaz[m olU&JhrdwfaqGrsm;tv,frSm olUom; ausmif;om;acgif;aqmifav; 2 a,muftwGuf *kPfwufaecJh&wmaygh/

    'gayrJhvJ rwlnDrIawGuawmh &SdaewmygyJ/ 1988 ta&;awmfyHkMuD;&Jh tjrifhrm;qkH;umvrSm EdkifiHawmf0efMuD;csKyfa[mif; OD;Eku pifjydKiftpdk;& wnfaxmifygw,f/ usaemfu tJ'D pifjydKiftpdk;&udk vufawGU tajctaet& vdktyfw,fvdkU ,HkMunfjyD; yxrqkH; axmufcHcJhygw,f/ 'gwifru pifjydKiftpdk;&udk trsm;u axmufcHMuatmifvJ pnf;&kH;cJhygw,f/ 'gaMumifhvJ bbOD;Eku usaemhfudk tpdk;&tzGJUtwGif;0eftjzpf wm0efay; cefUtyfygw,f/ 'gudk azazeJU olUrdwfaqGMuD;rsm;u oabmrusMuygbl;/ twdwfumvu tjzpftysufawGtwGuf OD;Ek[m olwdkUaxmufcH& vufwGJ&rJhvl r[kufygbl;/ 'Dawmh olwdkUxJu wa,mufvdkU owfrSwfxm;wJhusaemfu OD;Ektem;rSm axmufcHaewm olwdkU vufrcHEdkifygbl;/

    'DvdkeJU olUrdwfaqGMuD;rsm;&JU wm0efay;csuft& usaemfykef;atmif;&mae&mudk azazwa,muf aeylMuD;xJrSm xD;teufMuD; aqmif;jyD; armMuD;yef;MuD; a&mufvmcJhygw,f/ usaemfhudk awGUawGUcsif; a'gowMuD;eJU OD;Ekudk raxmufcHzdkU? OD;Ek&JhpifjydKiftpdk;&u EIwfxGufzdkU ajymygw,f/ usaemfuvnf; usaemhf,HkMunfrIudk jyefjyD; &Sif;jyygw,f/ aemufqkH; usaemhfudk ajymr&awmhwJhtqkH; aeylMuD;xJrSmyJ azazwa,muf a'gowMuD;eJU xD;teufMuD; aqmif;jyD; xGufcGmoGm;wmudk ai;Munfh&if; usaemf usef&pfcJh&ygw,f?


    - ajcmuf -
    tckvJ usaemf usef&pfcJh& jyefygjyD/

    ajymr&wJh om;wa,mufudk tjypfawGeJU csefxm;cJhwmvm; ....

    ( ar 5? 2009 )
    (rdk;rcrD'D,m0dkif;awmfom;rsm;\ rdwfaqGjzpfol udkatmif'if\ zcif OD;ausmf&SdefuG,fvGefcJhonfhtwGuf rdk;rcu usef&pfol rdom;pk0ifrsm;tm;vkH;ESifhtwl 0rf;enf;aMumif; rSwfwrf;jyKtyfygonf/)

    rdk;rcrS ul;,lygonf/
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  15. #259
    Noble Contributor Wizard Cupid   dotekhaowe is on a distinguished road
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    ydkhaqmifa&;0efBuD; eSifh Nym;ig;q,f

    (nDvif;opf)


    'DaeY owif;pmxJrSm pdwf0ifpm;p&maumif;wJh owif;av;wck zwf&ygw,f? owif;vdkYqdkwmxuf b,folrqdk BuHKawGYEdkifwJh tjzpftysufav;wck
    taMumif;qdk&if ydkrSefr,fxifw,f? vlwpfa,mufu um;yghuifrSm um;&yfcJhNyD; ,mOf&yfem;cay;zdkY arhoGm;wJhtaMumif;yg? bmrStxl;taxG r[kwfygbl;?
    'gayr,fh arhoGm;wJhvlu o,f,lydkYaqmifa&;0efBuD; udk,fwdkifjzpfaeNyD;
    'DtaMumif;udk oludk,fwdkifuyJ ˝dk;om;pGm 0efcHajymqdkvkdufwJhtcg
    aemufuG,frSm *,uftcsdKUx oGm;ygawmhw,f.../

    o,f,lydkYaqmifa&;0efBuD; Moritz Leuenberger uolY&JU udk,fydkif bavmh*f rSm 'DtaMumif;av;udka&; om;cJhwmyg? w&ufrSm olaps;oGm;0,fygowJh...? aps;qdkifa&mufwJhtcg um;yghuifrSm um;&yfcJhNyD; aps; xJudkoGm;w,f? 0,fjcrf;p&mawGNyD;vdkY um;qDjyefvmwJhtcg um;yghuifrSm,mOf&yfem;c
    ray;wJhum; awGudk vdkufppfwJh&JeJY yufyif;wdk;ygw,f?

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    odyfrsm;rsm;pm; pm;awmh r[kwfbl;? jym;ig;q,fxJyg? tjzpftysufu 'gygyJ.../

    'DtaMumif;udktJ'D0efBuD;udk,fwdkifu olYbavmh*f rSma&;w,f?
    (wjcm;a&;p&m r˝SdawmhvdkY qm;csufwm rsm;vm;...)? tJ'DrSmwifyJ tpdk;&&JUtrSm;apmifhaewJh owif;pmawGeJY wdk;ygawmhw,f?
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    0dkif;a&;Muovdk um;yghuifu &Judkvnf; ˝dk;om;pGmulnDrIvm;?
    rsufESmomay;rIvm; qdkNyD;ar;cGef;xkwfMuw,f/

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    wcsdKUuawmh o,f ,lydkYaqmifa&;0efBuD;vkyfaeNyD; udk,fydkifum;pD;wmudk tjypfajymMuw,f? ‘bmjzpfvdkY bwfpfum;rpD;wm vJ? wdkif;jynf&JUydkufqHeJY
    ay;xm;&wJh wESpfpm,mOfpD;cGifhvufrSwfudk b,facsmifxdk;xm;ovJ poNzifh 0dkif;NyD;vufpGrf;jyMuw,f?
    wpfa,mufuqdk&if ‘cifAsm; EIwfxGuf oifhw,fvdkYawmif
    jyif;jyif;xefxefa0zef ygw,f? 0efBuD;wpfa,mufawmh jym;ig;q,fzdk;eJY rwefatmiftajymcHvdkuf&av&JU.../

    owif;pmawGu 'geJYwiftm;r&ao;bJ wjcm;twdkuftcHtrwftcsdKUudkyg
    oabmxm; awmif;cHvdkuf ygao;w,f? trwftrsm;pkuawmh 0efBuD;twGuf Nym;ig;q,fay;vdkufwJh &JudkyJ tjypfwifMuw,f? wu,fqdk&if tm;vHk;udk wajy;nDqufqHoifhwJh taMumif;? olYtckvkyf&yfaMumifh Oya'[mtmPmydkif awGtwGufqdkwrsdK;? trsm;jynfoltwGufqdk&ifwrsdK;vdkY txifa&mufapaMumif;? Oya'&JUtxufrSm rnfolrSs r˝SdoifhaMumif; rSwfcsufay;Muw,f/

    Oya'udk jym;ig;q,fzdk; csdK;azmufvdkufwJh 0efBuD;wpfa,mufaMumifh
    awmfawmfav;awmh yGJqloGm;cJh w,f? 'Dae&mrSm ‘jym;ig;q,favmufudkrsm;uGm ta&;vkyfNyD; pum;xJxnfhajymae&ao;w,fvdkYrjrifbJ pnf;rsOf;pnf;urf; Oya'eJYywfoufvm&if tmPmydkifawG&JUtrSm;udk tcsufuav;rS tavSsmhray; vpfvsLr˝IwJh olwdkYEdkifiHom;awG&JU oabmxm;udk owdjyKrdygw,f?

    'Dudpöu ‘igeJYrqdkifbl;? tm;tm; ,m;,m; olY&JUbavm*frSmvnf;
    oGm;a&;raeEdkifygbl;? olvJ wrifvkyfwmrS r[kwfyJvdkYawG;vkdufr,fqdk&if rawmfwqarhavsmhwmuae wrifwumcsdK;azmufrIawG qufjzpfvmrSm
    taotcsmyg? jynfolu jyKjyifxdef;odrf;rI r˝SdwJh'Drdkua&pD pepfwck[m rdk;rvHkwJhacgifwpfckvdkygyJ? avsmhwdavsmh&JeJY ae&mwumrSm
    ,dkaygufrsm;pGmudk awGY&rSmyg? tJ'Dtrdk;atmufrSmaewJh vlawGrSmvnf;
    wcsdefvHk;pdk˝TJNyD; tdyfaumif;jcif;? pm;aumif;jcif;eJY ae&rSm r[kwfygbl;/

    'DtjzpfeJY ywfoufNyD; Oya'txufrSm rnfolrSsr˝Sdap& qdkwJhpum;&yfeJY olY&JUeuf˝dIif;us,f0ef;wJh t"dyÜg,f udkpOf;pm;aerdygw,f/ /

    (nDvif;opf bavmh*frS ul;,lazmfNyygonf/)
    .................................................. .................................................. ..................
    aqmif;yg;xJrS 0efBuD;rSm
    ..qGpfZmvefedkifiHrS ydkhaqmifa&;0efBuD; Nzpfygonf/



    "mwfyHk (tifwmeuf)




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  16. #260
    VIMC Godly Cupid -   Shwe Myoh Tharr is on a distinguished road Shwe Myoh Tharr's Avatar
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    puif'DaeAD,m; EdkifiH wck0,f 'kuŠ a&mufcsifMuw,f

    zifvef vdkY ajymvdkuf&if jrefrmawG&JU tjrifeJY Mum;&oltzdkYrSm em;Mum; cHcufovdkvdkeJY vljyufawG&JU [mojyufvHk;awGrSm arsmMu&ovdk NyHK;wkYHES,f jzpfaeMuNyD; EdkifiHtrnfudk awG;jrifa,mifMurSm jzpfygw,f/

    urmÇY qufoG,fa&; avmurSm pdk;rdk;e,fcsJU vuf0g;BuD;tkyfxm;wJY urmÇausmf wHqdyf EdkuD,m vufudkifzkef; eJY acßG;xkwfcef; aqmifem 'grSr[kwf cufcJpGm oifMum;&wJh zifvef bmompum; udk ajy;ajy;NyD; jrifa,mif MurSmyg/

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    wjcm;EdkifiHrsm;rS a&TUajymif; aexdkifvmMuolawG pm&if;ESifh ,SOfMunfhr,fqdk&if jrefrmawG[m tenf;qHk;pm&if;rSm &SdaeqJ jzpfygw,f/ tdrfeD;csif; &k&Sm;vlrsdK;awG[m ESpfaomif;ausmfjyD;? qdkrmvD,m; EdkifiHu 4900? tD&wfEdkifiHu 3000 ausmfygw,f/ bmhaMumifh jrefrmawG[m wjcm;EdkifiHawGxuf enf;&ovnf;qdk&if zifvefEdkifiHudk b,fvdk a&mufatmifvmMurvJż qdkwm rodwJholawGu rsm;vdkYjzpfygw,f/ 2009 ckESpftpydkif; zifvefEdkifiHudk enf;rsdK;pHkESifh a&mufvmMuNyD; 'kuŠonf avSsmuf,lolawG pm&if;udk Munfhr,fqdk&if qdkrmvD,m; EdkifiHu 344 a,muf? tD&wfEdkifiHu 560 &SdjyD;? jrefrm EdkifiHu wpfa,mufrS a&mufrvmwm udk awGYMu &ygw,f/

    zifvefEdkifiHudk a&mufvmMu olrsm;
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    ausmif;ADZm ESifh aexdkifcGifh &Muolrsm;
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    vlxktoHtGefvdkif;*sme,frS aqmif;yg&Sif [def;xuf \ aqmif;yg;udk ul;,laz:jyygonf/
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