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Thread: jrefrmhwyfrawmftaMumif; odaumif;p&m

  1. #1
    VIMC Busy   botchan is on a distinguished road
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    Lightbulb jrefrmhwyfrawmftaMumif; odaumif;p&m


    'Do&ufukd ]]jrefrmhwyfrawmftaMumif; odaumif;p&m}} vkdU trnfay;vkdufygw,f/

    'Do&ufxJrSm jrefrmhwyfrawmfoHk; ppfvufeufrsm;? ud&d,myp
    nf;rsm;? ppfbuf Munf;a&av ,mOftrsdK;rdsK; ponfwkdUukd A[kokw&ap&eftwGuf a&;om;ay;apvkdygw,f/

    ppfa&;ESifhrywfoufaom EkdifiHa&;? vlrIa&;? pD;yGm;a&;ESifhET,faom aqG;aEG;csufrsm; tm;vHk;udk rajymapcsifyg/ tqkdygtaMumif;t&mrsm;rSm tjcm;aomoifhawmf&m o&ufrsm;trsm;BuD; &SdNyD;jzpfygojzifh tqkdyg oufqkdif&m o&ufrsm;wGif aqG;aEG;Ekdifygonf/

    Military Related Gentleman Talking rsm;udk zwfcsifygonfcifAsm;/

    txl;tm;jzihf ppfrIxrf;r[kwfol jrefrmrsm;twGuf jrefrmhwyfrawmfESifhywfoufaom A[kokwrsm; jzefUjzL;ay;apvkdygonf/

    aus;Zl;wifygonf/


    -------------------------------------------------------------------------------------


    BTR-3U APC

    uEm&ppfyGJoHk;twGuf aq;rIwfxm;aom BTR-3U APC


    jrefrmhwyfrawmfoHk; BTR-3U APC


    ,lu&def;EkdifiHxkwf BTR-3U APC rsm;udk jynfwGif;wGif wnfaqmufoHk;pGJvsuf&SdaMumif; od&ygonf/ 2013ckESpfaemufqHk;xm;NyD; tpD;a& 1000 wnfaqmufoGm;&ef &nfrSef;csuf&SdaMumif; od&ygonf/
    BTR- 3U APC (Okhotnik)

    Type: Armored Personnel Carrier
    Place of Origin: Ukraine
    Designed: 2000
    Manufacturer Kharkiv Morozov Machine Building Design Bureau
    Produced: 2001
    Weight:16.4 tonnes
    Length:7.65m
    Width:2.9m
    Height:2.8m (including turret)
    Crew:3 crew (+6 passengers)
    Primary armament:30 mm caliber
    Secondary armament:7.62 mm
    Engine:Deutz AG 326 hp
    Suspension:wheeled 88
    Operational range:600km
    Speed:85 km/h

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  2. #2
    Noble Contributor Senior Cupid is wondering . . .   Perigee is on a distinguished road Perigee's Avatar
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    Lightbulb

    [dk'D&SmazGawGYorQ jrefrmhwyfrawmfvufarmif;wHqdyfav;rsm;yg . .
    aocsmodolrsm;u &Sif;vif;ay;MuygOD;cifAsm . .






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  3. #3
    VIMC & Best member of the year Godly Cupid   koluchaw is on a distinguished road
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    [quote=Perigee;536841][dk'D&SmazGawGYorQ jrefrmhwyfrawmfvufarmif;wHqdyfav;rsm;yg . .
    aocsmodolrsm;u &Sif;vif;ay;MuygOD;cifAsm . .




    eHygwfawGu ajcjrefwyfrXmecsKyfawG&JU vufarmif;wHqdyfawGyg/ trSwf (11) rS (101) ajcjrefwyfrXmecsKyftxd&dSygw,f/



    b,fzufu vufarmif;wHqdyfu umuG,fa&;0efBuD;Xme &JUwHqdyfyg/ 1988 ckESpfrwdkifrDu tv,frS Mu,fyGifht&G,fu ,ckavmufrMuD;yg/
    nmzufESifh atmufrS wHqdyfuawmh oHcsyfum,Em;wyfnTefMum;a&;rSL;&kH; &JUwHqdyf/


    nmzufrS ajcmufaxmifhMu,fuawmh awmifydkif;wdkif;ppfXmecsKyf (,cif u tv,fydkif;wdkif;ppfXmecsKyf) vufarmif;wHqdyf


    rodyg

    tajrmufwyf vufarmif;wHqdyf


    b,fzufu[m urf;&dk;wef;wdkif;ppfXmecsKyfwHqdyf
    nmzufu ta&SUydkif;wdkif; ppfXmecsKyf vufarmif;wHqdyf


    b,fzufu ta&SUajrmufwdkif;ppfXmecsKyfwHqdyf
    nmzufu ajrmufydkif;wdkif;ppfXmecsKyfwHqdyf (,cif trSwf 7 wyfr[m &JU wHqdyf)


    b,fzufu taemufajrmufwdkif;ppfXmecsKyf wHqdyf
    nmzufu Mwd*Ha'owdkif;ppfXmecsKyfwHqdyf

    b,fzufu &efukefwdkif;ppfXmecsKyfwHqdyf
    nmzufuawmh wyfrawmfom;wdkif;wyfqif&wJh nmzufvufarmif;rSmwyf&wJh wHqdyf/ vSHudk ta&SUzufvSnfhxm;&ygw,f/

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  4. #4
    Noble Contributor Senior Cupid   patriot is on a distinguished road patriot's Avatar
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    wae hu qdk'f wpfckuae &vdk h.. NrefrmhwyfrawmftaMumif;xJrSm &Sdoifhw,fxifvdk h
    wifay;vdkufw,fAsm .. tJ'DtxJu tcsuftvufawG b,favmufrSefw,fqdkwm a&mufzl;wJholawGawmhydkodrSmyg .. uGsefawmf odorSs xJu aNym&&if 1DI, 2DI, 5DI awGtaMumif;a&;xm;wmu awmh twdtus yg .. tck puFmylu a[mif0ifZm oGm;prf;aewJh ae&m eJ hpuFmyl&Jh Expire cJ,rf;awGudk zsufqD;wJh ae&mu tck 2DI vdk hac:wJh rauG;wdkif; {&m0wDNrpftaemufzufurf;u txufrif;vSNrdK heJ h 6 rdkifomom a0;wJh rvGef vdk hac:wJh ae&mrSmyg .. tJ'DrvGef &Jh taemufzuf rdkifaygif;rsm;pGm ae&mudk &Sif;vif;NyD; vufeufMuD;prf;oyf&mpufypfuGif;vkyfcJhwmuawmhMumygN yD .. 1980 ausmftcsdefrsm;uwnf;u tdwfwD0rf; pdefaNymif; 0rf;tdk0rf; pdefaNymif;eJ htNcm;vuf eufMuD;awG prf;cJhwmyg .. tJ'Dvdk prf;oyfwJh taNrmufqH pdefaNymif;AHk;oD;awGxJu usnft awGudk eD;pyf&Gm &GmawG (rJZvDawm? ukef;MuD;tp&SdwJh cyfa0;a0;u&GmawGtxd) u awmif,morm;awG eGm;ausmif;om;av;awG uawG hNyD; aumufMu vdk huGJNyD; qHk;yg; ukefwm rMumcP qdkovdk Mum;&wwfwJhowif;yg .. tJ'Dae&mu tckpuFmyltwGuf
    ygoHk;aew,fqdkwm uawmh a'ocHawG aNymwJhowif;t& taotcsmyg../




    aqmif;yg;&Sif - A[def; (jynfwGif;rS wyfrawmf t&m&Sd wpfOD ; )

    singapor-build-field-for-testing-the-gun uuxkwf qdkwmuawmh umuG,fa&;ypnf; xkwfvkyfrI nGefMum;a&;r;&kH; jzpfygw,f/ wyfrawmf (Munf;? a&? av) okH; ppfvufeufrsm; xkwfvkyfonfhpuf&kHrsm;udk uGyfuJnGefMum;ay;wJhh t"du&kH; jzpfygw,f/ wyfrawmfxJrSm t&if uwnf;u &SdcJhwJh wyftpdwftydkif; jzpfygw,f/ tJ'DwkH;uawmh zGJYpnf;ykHu tvGef ao;i,fygw,f/ txl;ojzifh vufeufi,frsm;eJY 4if;twGuf vdktyfwJh usnfrsm;udk xkwfvkyfcJhygw,f/

    tJ'DwkH;u wyfrawmfrSm okH;cJhwJh *sDo&D;? *sDzdk; tp&Sdonfrsm; twGufjzpfNyD; *smreDEkdifiHu Fritz Werner ukrPDeJ haygif;pyfvkyfudkifcJhwmyg/ tck etz ppftpdk;& vufxufrSmawmh zGJYpnf;ykHu odyfuGmjcm;oGm; ygNyD/ vufeufi,frsm;omru vufeufBuD;rsm;vnf; xkwfvkyfaeygNyD/ vufeufBuD;twGuf cJ,rf;rsm;? usnfrsm;vnf; xkwfvkyfaeygNyD/ 'Dxufru ajrjyifrS ajrjyifypff'kH;rsm;? ajrjyifrS a0[ifypf'kH;rsm;udkvnf; prf;oyfxkwfvkyfaeygNyD/ tck aemufqkH;uawmh EsLu,m;vufeufrsm; xkwfvkyfzdkY txd jyifqifae ygNyD/

    uuxkwf&J hvuf&Sd wnfae&m uawmh ysOf;rem; aejynfawmfrSm jzpfygw,f/ zGJYpnf;ykHt& umuG,fa&; ypnf;xkwfvkyfa&; t&m&SdcsKyf (xkwfcsKyf)tjzpf 'kwd,AdkvfcsKyfBuD;wpfOD;? 'kwd, umuG,fa&; ypnf; xkwfvkyfa&; t&m&SdcsKyf ('kxkwfcsKyf) tjzpf Adkvfr;csKyf wpfOD;wdk hyg0ifNyD; vufatmufrSmawmh tkyfcsKyfrIeJY xkwfvkyfrI qdkNyD; ESpfzGJYcGJxm;ygw,f/ 'DtzGJY ESpfzGJYpvkH;rSm G1, G2, G3 eJY Xmetvdkuf &kH;tzGJYrsm;jzifh zGJYpnf;xm;ygw,f/

    vuf&Sd xkwfcsKyfac: umuG,fa&;ypnf; xkwfvkyfa&; t&m&SdcsKyfuawmh 'kwd,AdkvfcsKyfBuD; wifat; jzpfygw,f/ 'kxkwfcsKyfuawmh Adkvfr;csKyfcifarmif0if; jzpfygw,f/ Adkvfr;csKyf cifarmif0if;aemuf 'kxkwfcsKyf jzpfvmoluawmh Adkvfr;csKyf odef;a|; jzpfygw,f/ uuxkwf&Jh vufatmufrSm puf&kH (22) ck&SdNyD; ppfvufeuf? cJ,rf;eJY usnfrsdK;pkHudk xkwfvkyfum Munf;a&av wyf&if;wyfzGJYrsm;odkY jzefYjzL;vsuf &Sdygw,f/ uuxkwf vufatmufrSm&SdwJh puf&kHtoD;oD;&Jh wnfae&mawG vkyfief;&yfawGudk atmuffyg twdkif; tusOf;csKH; az:jyvdkufygw,f-

    1/ umuG,fa&;ypnf; xkwfvkyfrI wyfzGJY? ypnf;xdef;wyf (uxy) [m &efukefNrdK htif;,m;vdyf a[mfw,fvrf;? tif;,m;vdyfa[mfw,f&Jh rsufESmcsif;qdkifrSm wnf&SdNyD; ajr{&d,m tus,ft0ef;[m {u (50) cefYom &Sdygw,f/ ppfonftiftm;uawmh 200 ausmf&SdNyD; umuG,fa&;ypnf;puf&kHrsm;rSm vkdtyfrJh ukefMurf; ukefacsmawGudk 0,f,ljzefYjzL;ay;wJh wyfjzpfygw,f/

    2/ umuG,fa&;ypnf; xkwfvkyfrIwyfzGJY? oifwef;ausmif; (uxu) uawmh yJcl;wdkif;? yef;awmif;NrdK he,f? jyifBuD;aus;&GmrSm wnf&Sdygw,f/ {&d,mtus,ft0ef;u {u (700) avmuf&SdNyD; ppfonf tiftm; (400) ausmf&Sdygw,f/ umuG,fa&;ypnf;puf&kH tm;vkH;&J hppfonfrsm;tm; tajccHpufrIynmrsm; enf;ynmrsm; oifMum;ydk hcsay;ygw,f/

    3/ trSwf (1) umuG,fa&;ypnf;puf&kH uyp (1) u &efukefNrdK htif;,m;vdyf a[mfw,fa&S Y (uxy) eJ hw0ef;wnf; jzpfygw,f/ ppfonftiftm; (600) ausmf&SdNyD; uyp (11) u xkwfwJh MA1, MA2, MA3, MA4 vufeufawGudk tNyD;owf wyfqifxkwfvkyfygw,f/

    4/ uyp (2) uawmh rauG;wdkif;? txufrif;vSNrdK he,f? rvGefaus;&Gm ajrmufzufrSm &Sdygw,f/ ppfonftiftm; (900) ausmf&SdNyD; ajr{&d,m tus,ft0ef;u {u 1odef; &Sdygw,f/ vufeuf prf;oyfwJh ypfuGif;tjzpf rdkif (100) ausmf ypfuGif;udk wnfaqmufxm;ygw,f/ 'DypfuGif;udk puFmylEkdifiHu tukeftuscH wnfaqmufay;xm;wmjzpfNyD; puFmylu 0,f,lwJh vufeufrsm;udk ypfcwfprf;oyfwJhtjyif uyp puf&kHrsm;rS xkwfvkyfwJh vufeufeJYusnfrsm;&Jh xda&mufrI pGrf;tm;udk vpOfESpfpOf ypfcwf prf;oyf vsuf&Sdygw,f/ uyp (2) &Jh xkwfvkyfrIuawmh 120mm, 105mm, 81mm, 60mm, MA5 vufeuffrsm; jzpfygw,f/

    5/ uyp (3) u yJcl;wdkif;? yef;awmif;NrdK he,f? qifwJpcef;rSm &Sdygw,f/ ajr{&d,m tus,ft0ef;u {u (3000) ausmf&SdNyD; ppfonftiftm;u (900) ausmf&Sdygw,f/ xkwfvkyfrIuawmh
    120mm, 60mm, 105mm, 81mm, tp&SdwJh usnfrsm;jzpfygw,f/ vuf&SdxkwfvkyfrIeIef;u vpOfykHrSef usnfwrsdK;pDudk (4aomif ; ) ywf0ef;usifavmuf xkwfygw,f/

    6/ uyp (4) u &efukefNrdK h? urmat; bk&m;vrf;rSm &SdNyD; ajr tus,ft0ef;u {u(100) cefYom &SdNyD; ppfonftiftm; (400) ausmfom &Sdygw,f/ vkyfief;uawmh uyp puf&kHtm;vkH;&Jh pufypnf;rsm; jyKjyifjcif;? jyifr&aomypnf;rsm;udk 0,f,lonfh EdkifiHjcm;ukrPDrsm;ESifh qufoG,f jyKjyifay;jcif;? xkwfvkyfrI ypnf;ykHpHrsm; vkyfjcif; tp&SdonfwdkY jzpfygw,f/

    7/ uyp (5) uawmh yJcl;wdkif;? yef;awmif;NrdK he,f? uNrdKifaus;&GmteD;rSm &Sdygw,f/ ajr{u (3000) ausmf&SdNyD; ppfonftiftm; (700) ausmfeJYwGef;,rf;? cGif;,rf;qdkNyD; ,rf;ESpfrsdK; xkwfvkyfygw,f/

    8/ uyp (6) u yJcl;wdkif;? yef;awmif;NrdK he,f? anmifajcaxmufaus;&GmrSm wnf&SdNyD; {u (3000) ausmfus,f0ef;um ppfonftiftm; (900) ausmf &Sdygw,f/ vufeufi,fusnfqeftcGHeJY aMu;jym;rsm; xkwfvkyfygw,f/ vufeuftwGuf tokH;jyKonfh oHrPdpuf&kHudkawmh w&kwfynm&Sifrsm;u wnfaqmufay;ygw,f/

    9/ uyp (7) u yJcl;wdkif;? jynfNrdK he,f? ausmfpGm "gwfajrMoZm puf&kH teD;rSm &Sdygw,f/ {u (3000) us,f0ef;NyD; ppfonf (400) ausmf &Sdygw,f/ xkwfvkyfrIuawmh a&jryfrdkif;eJY oHcsyfumum;rsm; jyefvnf jyKjyifjcif;? xkwfvkyfjcif; jzpfygw,f/

    10/ uyp ( 8 ) u rauG;wdkif;? qifaygif0JNrdK he,f? qifaygif0JNrdK hteD;rSm &Sdygw,f/ {u (4000) ausmf ppfonf (300) ausmf&SdNyD; wifhum;tpdwftydkif;rsm; xkwfvkyfygw,f/

    11/ uyp (9) u yJcl;wdkif;? yef;awmif;NrdK he,f? ausmufzl;aus;&GmteD;rSm&SdNyD; {u (4000) ausmf? ppfonf (600) ausmfeJ h MA1, 2,3,4,5 usnfqefrsm; xkwfygw,f/

    12/ uyp (10) u rauG;wdkif;? txufrif;vSNrdK he,f? ukef;BuD;aus;&GmteD;rSm &SdNyD; ajr{u (6000) ausmf ppfonftiftm; (600) ausmf &Sdygw,f/ 'Dpuf&kHudk 1993rSm pwifaqmufvkyfcJhNyD; pDrHudef;&J ht"du &nf&G,fcsufuawmh wma0;ypf'kH;usnf (missile)? ajrjyifrSa0[if (surface to air missile)? a0[ifrS a0[if (air to air missile) 'kH;rsm;xkwfvkyf&ef &nf&G,fygw,f/ 'DpDrHudef; twGuf ynm&Sifrsm;rSm awmifudk&D;,m;? ajrmufudk&D;,m;? w&kwfeJY &k&Sm;EdkifiHrsm;rS ynm&Sifrsm; jzpfygw,f/ puf&kHtwGuf pufypnf;rsm; udkvnf; awmifudk&D;,m;? w&kwfeJY &k&Sm;rS 0,f,lNyD; wnfaqmuf wyfqifa&; vkyfief;rsm;udk (2003-2004) wGif tNyD;owf aqmufvkyfcJhNyD; jzpfygw,f/

    13/ uyp (11) uawmh yJcl;wdkif;? wdkufBuD;NrdK he,f? vdarmfjcHaus;&GmteD;rSm wnf&Sdygw,f/ ajr{u (5000) ausmf&SdNyD; ppfonftiftm; (1000) ausmf &Sdygw,f/ 'Dpuf&kHudk 1993 ckESpf tapmydkif;rSm awmifudk&D;,m;EdkifiH a'0l;ukrPDrS pufrsm;0,f,lNyD; 1995-96 wGif tNyD;owf wnfaqmuf wyfqifNyD; xkwfvkyfa&; vkyfief;rsm; vkyfaeygw,f/
    MA1, 2, 3, 4, vufeufi,f rsdK;pkHudk NyD;ajrmufonf txd xkwfay;vsuf&Sdygw,f/ ppftpdk;&\ vufeufi,fESihf ywfouf tm;txm;&qkH;puf&kH jzpfygw,f/

    14/ uyp (12) u rauG;wdkif;? o&ufNrdK he,f? pcef;BuD;aus;&Gm? ydawmufyifaus;&GmwdkY\ awmifbuf 3 rdkifausmfwGif &Sdygw,f/ 'Dpuf&kHudk 1996 ckeSpf zGJ hpnf;ykHtrSwf uz-26-u-97 jzifh zGJYpnf;ykH tiftm; (1445) OD; vsmxm;&m vuf&Sdtiftm; (400) ausmf &Sdygw,f/ xkwfvkyfrI vkyfief;rsm;rSm
    120mm, 60mm, 105mm, 81mm usnfrsm; xkwfvkyfaeygw,f/ ajr{u (16000) ausmf&SdNyD; tydkif; 2 ydkif;cGJ edkifiH 2 edkifiH&J htultnDeJ hwnfaqmuf wyfqif xkwfvkyfvsuf&Sdygw,f/

    yxrydkif;udk awmifudk&D;,m;EdkifiH a'0l;ukrPDrS usnfqefudk,fxnf? aemufNrD; 'vufrsm;udk wyfqif xkwfvkyfNyD;? 'kwd,tydkif;udk 4if;usnfqefrsm;\ twGif;ydkif; tpydsK;,rf;ESifh cGif;,rf;rsm;udk csufudkpvkd aA;uD;,m;EdkifiHrS pufrsm;0,f,lNyD; 4if;EkdifiHrS ynm&Sifrsm;jzifh wnfaqmufcJhygw,f/

    (rSwfcsuf- csufudkpvdkaA;uD;,m;EdkifiHrS vufeuf? usnfqefvkyf qufpyfypnf;rsm; wifydYkaerIrSm aewdk; tzGJY0ifEdkifiHtjzpf rowfrSwfrDumvu ay;ydkYxm;jcif; jzpfygonf/ aewdk; tzGJY0if tjzpf owfrSwfonfh umvrS ,ae htxd 4if;qufpyfypnf;rsm; ay;ydkYEdkifjcif; r&Sdawmhyg)/

    4if;usnfxkwfvkyfonfhpufrsm;rSm acwfrSD tDvufx&Gefepfxdef; ud&d,mrsm; wyfqif tokH;jyKxm;ojzifh uyp (3) xuftqaygif;rsm;pGm xkwfvkyfekdifygw,ff/

    15/ uyp (13) onf rauG;wdkif;? qifaygif0JNrdK he,f? vufyHaus;&GmteD;wGif wnf&SdNyD; ajr{u (8000) ausmf &Sdygw,f/ ppfonftiftm; (400) ausmf&SdNyD; a&jrIyfrdkif;ESihf vufeufBuD; tpdwftydkif;rsm; xkwfvkyfvsuf &Sdygw,f/ uyp (2) ESifh qufpyfrI&Sdygw,ff/

    16/ uyp (14) uawmh rauG;wdkif;? apwkw&m? izJ wGifwnf&SdNyD; ajrtus,ft0ef;rSm {u (1aomif ; ) ausmf&Sdygw,f/ ppfonftiftm;rSm (400) ausmf&Sdygw,f/ uyp (9) ESihf xkwfvkyfrI qufEG,frI&SdNyD; vufeufi,fusnfqefrsm; xkwfvkyf&ef &nf&G,fygw,f/ b@maiG enf;yg;rIaMumifh xkwfvkyfjcif; rjyKbJ vsmxm;csufom &Sdygw,f/

    17/ uyp (15) u rauG;wkdif;? awmifwGif;BuD;NrdK he,f? NrdK hopfteD;rSm&Sdygw,f/ ajr{u (1aomif ; ) ausmf&SdNyD; ppfonftiftm; (400) jzifh wnfaqmufxkwfvkyf&ef vsmxm;csuf &Sdygw,f/

    18/ uyp (16) rSm uyp (6) eSifh ab;csif;uyfvsuf&Sdygw,f/ ajr{u (1aomif ; ) ausmf ppfonf tiftm; (700) ausmfjzifh ,rf;csuf xkwfvkyfvsuf&Sdygw,f/

    19/ uyp (17) rauG;wdkif;? atmifvHNrdK he,f? 'Av a&Tyef;awmaus;&GmteD;wGif &Sdygw,f/ ajr{u (2aomif ; ) ausmf vsmxm;ygw,f/ wnfaqmufjcif; xkwfvkyfjcif;rjyKao;yg/

    20/ uyp (1 8 ) ? uyp (19) wdkYtwGuf ajrae&m&SmazG vsmxm;qJjzpfygw,f/

    21/ uyp (20) u rauG;wdkif;? apwkw&mwGif wnf&SdNyD; ajr{u (1odef ; ) udk odrf;qnf;um ajrae&m &Sif;vif;jcif;ESifh wnfaqmufa&; vkyfief;rsm;udk aqmif&GufqJjzpfygw,f/ xkwfvkyfrI &nfrSef;csuf uawmh EsLu,m;vufeufrsm; xkwfvkyf&ef &nf&G,fygw,f/ 'Dpuf&kHtwGuf jyifOD;vGif wyfrawmf tif*sifeD,m Adkvfoifwef;ausmif;rS ausmif;qif;t&m&Sdrsm;udk &k&Sm;EkdifiHodkY EsLu,m; ynm&yfrsm; oifMum;&ef apvTwfxm;ygw,f/ vuf&Sd ppfonftiftm;rSm (400) ausmfom &Sdygw,f/

    ( www.photayokeking.org/?p=4494#more-4494 ) rSul;,lonf/
    Last edited by patriot; 07-05-2009 at 03:56 AM.
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    [dkzuf xdkif;wyfrawmf o&ufrSm udkZl;vl;? udkcspfy wdkU ydGKifh5 eJU udkcspfy &JU ESpfqifhuGJ usnf taMumif;awG a&;xm;wm zwfvdkuf&vdkU 'DzufrSm vma&;vdkuf&wmyg/ ydGKifh 5 u av,Ofypf pufaoewfvdkU qdkMuw,f/ olUudk puftajrSmufavmufawmh rac:oifhzl;xifw,f/ a&wyfu ppfoabFmawGrSm okH;wJhqDG'ifvkyf abmfzg (Bofa)? atmfvDuGef awGrSomvsif puftajrmufvdkU ac:oifhw,f/ bmjzpfvdkUvJ qdkwm usnfqH tvkH;BuD;jyD; ESpfqifhuGJwm/ usaemfh aqG;aEG;csuf rSm; &ifvJ rSm;r,f/ udkabmha& .... abmfzg eJU atmfvDuGef puftajrmufawG &JU taMumif; "gwfykHawGeJU wifay;Edkif&ifwifay;ygOD;/

    aemufyGifh&dkifz,f (Recoilless Gun) 'kH;ypfavmifcsm (Rocket Launcher) wkdU &JU usnfvrf;aMumif; u tajzmifhjzpfwmaMumifh tajzmifhypfvufeuf vdkUac:jyD;? pdefajymif; (armfwm) ESifh tajrmuf wdkU &JU usnf u ckef;jyD;oGm;wmaMumifh oG,f0dkufypfvufeuf vdkUac:w,f/

    usaemf armfvjrdKifaumvdyf ausmif;om;b0 u wuodkvf avhusifha&;wyfzGJU (,lwDpD) 0ifcJhpOfu usaemfwdkU &JU oifwef;q&m wyfMuyfMuD; xHrSMum;zl;cJhwm wqifhjyefajymjy&ap/ 1971 avmuf u ..... w&kyfe,fpyfrSm jrefrmhwyfrawmf u Auy awGudk avuGJ tajrmufusnfqH (Air Burst) eJU ypfcwfcJhwhJ taMumif; oifwef;q&mxH rS Mum; cJhzl;ygw,f/

    oifwef;q&m wyfMuyfMuD; u wyfr (77) rS ,lwDpDwyf udk ajymif;vmcJhwm/ w&kyfe,fpyfrSm wyfr (77) eJU Auy awGudk wdkufcJhzl;w,f/ Auy awGu vlvdSKif;vkH; enf;AsL[m udkokH;w,f/ xdktcsdefu jrefrmjynf ESifh taemuf*smrPD wdkU qufqHa&; tvGefaumif;aew,f/ OD;ae0if; taemuf*smrPD EdkifiH udk oGm;awmh avuGJ tajrmuf qdkwm &cJhw,fvdkU ajymjycJhw,f/ Auy awG vlvdSKif;vkH; ykHpHeJU wufvmawmh tajrmufwyf u taemuf*smrPD EdkifiH u ay;wJh tajrmuf udk avuGJ tajrmufusnfqH eJU Auy awGtay: ypfcJhwm Auy awG twkef;t&kef; udk usukefw,fvdkU ajymjycJhygw,f/

    usaemf bGJUvGeftwef; wufcJhwJh wuodkvf pmMunfhwdkuf rSm bmaw;vifhwem a&;wJh pmtkyfudk zwfcJhzl;w,f/ w&kyfe,fpyf rSm Auy eJU wdkufcJhwJh wdkufyGJ awG taMumif; a&;xm;ygw,f/ tJ'DrSm jrefrmhwyfrawmf rS avuGJ tajrmufusnfqH okH;jyD; Auy awG udk wdkufcdkufcJhw,f qdkwma&;xm;ygw,f/
    Last edited by koluchaw; 07-05-2009 at 09:55 PM.
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    Quote Originally Posted by koluchaw View Post



    wyfrawmfom;wdkif;wyfqif&wJh nmzufvufarmif;rSmwyf&wJh wHqdyf/ vSHudk ta&SUzufvSnfhxm;&ygw,f/

    txufu vufarmif;wHqdyf udk usaemfa&;wm rSm;oGm;ygw,f/
    yDtrfydkUvmaom rifbm wpfOD; udkaus;Zl;wifygonf/
    'DwHqdyf udk ajcvsifwyf? ajrjrefwyf awGrSmomokH;ygw,f/
    atmufykHudkMunfhyg trSwf (77) ajcjrefwyfrSppfonfrsm; (b,f)? &efukefwdkif;ppfXmecsKyfrS ppfom; (nm) wdkU\ nmzufvufarmif;wGif AEKvOD;xkyfwHqdyfudkwyfqifxm;onf/ b,fzufvufarmif;wGifawmh wdkif;ppfXmecsKyf? wyfrXmecsKyfwHqdyfwyfqifxm;ygonf/


    atmufrSykHwGif avxD;wyfrS ppfonfwpfOD;\ b,fzufvufarmif;wHqdyfrSm avxD;wyf wHqdyfwyfqifxm;onf/ xdkUtwl vuf&kH;wyfrsm;wGif nmzuf vufarmif;wHqdyfrSm txufrSmaz:jyxm;aom AEKvOD;xkyfwHqdyfr[kwfawmhbJ oufqdkif&m vuf&Hk;wyf wHqdyfrsm;jzpfygonf/ b,fzufvufarmif;wGifawmh oufqdkif&m ppfwdkif; ESifh wyfr wHqdyfwdkUudk wyfqifxm;ygonf/


    wyfrawmfom; tm;vkH;\ OD;xkyfwGifwyfqifxm;aom EdkifiHawmf wHqdyf (topf) udk atmufygykHwGifawGUEdkifonf/ xdkwHqdyfudk 1977 odkUr[kwf 1978 ckESpfrSm pwif tokH;jyKcJhygonf/ ,cif u wHqdyfrSm jcaoFh okH;aumifykHygw,f/ 1977 ckESpf txd usaemf wuodkvfavhusifha&;wyfzGJU0ifcJhpOf txd EdkifiHawmf wHqdyf ta[mif; udk yJ toHk;jyKcJhygonf/


    trSm;rsm; yg&dScJhygu 0ifa&mufaqG;aEG;ay;yg/
    Last edited by koluchaw; 07-06-2009 at 12:46 AM.
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    OD;vlacsm aNymvdk huGsefawmf av hvmrdoavmuf ArmhwwfrawmfoHk; puftaNrmuf wcsdK h
    taMumif;udk 'DrSm wifvdkufw,fcifAs./






    tJ'DyHkawGu uGsefawmf *l*Ju,lxm;wm 40rr bdkzm vdk hac:w,f .. ArmNynfrSmu&ifeJ h
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    taNrmufwyfw,f .. bdkzmrSm L70 eJ hL60 qkdNyD; 2 rsdK;&Sdw,f t,f70 uuwfx&pfcsf
    ydkMuD;NyD; aoewf&Jh Loading System u Twin Feeding rsdK;Nzpfw,f tay:u usnf
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    w&kyfoabFmawGrSmawmh 37mm AA Twin Gun, 57mm AA Twin Gun awGeJ h tck
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    rsdK;tpm; F11 qdkwJh oabFmawGrSmawmh tDwvDvkyf 76mm OTO Melara taNrmuf
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    uawmh ESpfawG MumcJhNyDNzpfwJhtNyif ol htwGuf cJ,rf;u vJ tifrwef&Sm;vmwJhtwGuf
    aemufydkif;rSm roHk;awmhbl; .. 'gayr,fh tJ'Dbdkzm qdkwJh aoewfudk awmha&wyf om;
    awGu awmfawmf oabmusw,f ..Manual ypf&wJh aoewfawGrSm tifrwef xda&muf
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    wrsdK;yJ .. oleJ hbdkzm eJ hu nDtudk vdk hqdk&r,f bdkzm ygwJh ppfoabFmawGrSm atmvD
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    vJ aumif;w,f ArmNynfrSm awmh uGsefawmf apmapmu aNymwJh ar,k ppfoabFmrSmyJ
    Twin Gun taeeJ hwyfxm;w,fvdk hod&w,f usefwJh oabFmawGu awmh wvufcsif;
    yJwwfxm;w,fvdk hqdkw,f t&ifppfwkef;u vufusef oabFmawGeJ h ..axmufydk hoabFm
    awG rSm atmfvDuGefudk trsm;qHk;wyfw,f ppfa&,OFtif;awmf?tif;reJ htif;,m; qdkwJh
    55? 56 ?57 awGtay:rSmvJ wyfxm;w,f (trSwf56 qdkwJh tif;r oabFmuawmh
    NrKwfoGm;wmMumygNyD tJ'DoabFmawGu 'def;rwfuvkyfwJh aumfAuf trsdK;tpm;MuD;awG
    Nzpfovdk &[wf,OfawGxm;zdk h[ef*gawGyg ygygw,f)
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    awGtNyif APT qdkwJh xkxnfazgufwJh &dk;&dk;usnfvJ ygygw,f..
    bkdzm usnfvJ trsKd;rsdK;&Sdygw,f HEIT, HET, APDS, qdkwJh xduGJusnf? rD;usnf? tuGm
    tuGmta0; tvdkuftvdktavSsmufuGJwJhusnfqdkNyD; SD eJ hNSD tNyif APT qdkwJh xk
    xnfawGudk azgufzdk hoHwHk;csnf;oufoufusnfawGvJ &Sdygw,f ../

    ,dk;',m; a&wyfrSmvJ bdkzmeJ hatmfvDuGefudk wGifwGifus,fus,foHk;aeqJyg ..olwdk hqDrSm
    oHk;wJh urf;aNcapmifha&,OfawGrSm wwfxm;wJh abmfzm awGuawmh tuGmta0; ydka&muf
    wJh L70 40mm Bofor awGyg/
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    udk,fhEdkifiH&JU wyfrawmftaMumif; o&ufpzGifhwJh udkabmh udkaus;Zl;wifygw,f/ tdkif'D,mvnf;aumif;ygw,f/ t&yfom;awG odudkodoifhygw,f/ rsufpdzGifh em;zGifhxm;zdkUawmhvdkw,f/ vGwfvyfa&; &JU zcifBuD;? wrsdK;om;vkH;&JU acgif;aqmifBuD; AdkvfcsKyfatmifqef; awmifrS olU&JU rdefUcGef;xJr,f .... toufjynfhwJh a,mufusm;wdkif; wpfESpfwefonf ESpfESpfwefjzpfap ppfwyfrSm0ifjyD; trSKxrf; oifh&iftrSKxrf;&r,fwJh .... vdkUajymcJhw,f/

    wuodkvfavhusifha&;wyfzGJU 0ifa[mif; wpfa,muf taeeJU odxm;oavmuf A[kokw awG udkajymjyay;ygr,f/

    'kwd, urmppfjyD;p jyefvnfzGJUpnf;cJhwJh Armhwyfrawmf &JU (wyfpdwf tqifh) vufeufi,frsm; rSm wyfom;tqifhudkifwJhtifzD; .303 &dkifz,f( Enfield Rifle) wyfpdwfrSL; udkifwJh 9 rr pwif;*ef; aoewf (Sten Gun) wyfpdwfokH; .303 pufuav; vdkU ac:wJh b&if;*ef;aoewf (Bren Gun) trSwf (36) vufypfAkH; (Hand Grenade) wyfpkwyfMuyfBuD; ESifh wyfpkrSL; ('k-Adkvf? Adkvf) wdkU udkifwJh tar&duefvkyf .30 umbdkifaoewf (Carbine) wdkU &JU "gwfykHawGudk wifay;vdkufygw,f/



    b,fzufykHu rdk',fMark I (xdyfacgif;wdk) Mark II (xdyfacgif;&Snf) usaemf nmzuf u aoewf eJU pufypfuGif; rSm ypfcJhzl;w,f/




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    txufu ykHuawmh 9 rr usnfeJU ypf&wJh pwif;*ef; aoewfyg/ 'ifykHpHrsdK; (2) rsdK; awGU&r,f/ 'gvnf; t*Fvdyfvkyfyg/



    .303 usnfqH eJU ypf&wJh pufuav;vdkUac:wJh b&if;*ef;aoewf (t*Fvefvkyf)/ b,fzufu Mark I trsdK;tpm;? ykHrSm teufa&mif t0dkif; u usnfqHudk wpfawmifhjcif; odkUr[kwf twGJvdkufypf vdkU&atmif ajymif;wJh cvkwf/ nmzuf u Mark II trsdK;tpm;/ atmifqef;ol&d, vSaomif; aemufqkH;taocHjyD;ypfoGm;wJh b&if;*ef;/

    b&if;*ef; (pufuav;) aoewfudk ypfcwfaeykH/ b&if;*ef;udk ppfonf (2) OD;ypfcwf&w,f/ 'gaMumifh pufuav; (1) ESifhpufuav; (2) - puf (1) ESifh puf(2) vdkU wm0efowfrSwfxm;ygw,f/ puf(1) u b&if;*ef; &JU typfvufudkifudk nmvuf eJU qkyfudkifxm;jyD; b,fvufu 'iftao;udk cGudkifxm;&w,f/ nmzufykH u b&if;*ef;ypform; u b,foefvuf jzpfaew,f/ puf (2) u puf(1) &JU b,fzufrSmae&m,l&r,f/ nmzufu "gwfykHu &kyf&Sifuayr,fvdkU obm0usw,f/ puf (2) u usnfukef&if usnfuyf taumufudk vJay;&r,f? aoewfajymif;ylvm&if ajymif;vJay;&r,f/



    txufu ykHawGuawmh 'kwd, urmppftwGif;u okH;cJhwJh b&if;*ef;aoewfwifwJh b&if;u,f&D,m (Bren Carrier) awGyg/ olUrSm csdef;MudK;wyfxm;w,f/ wdkif;jynfuEkEk rkefwdkif;u xefxef pmtkyfrSm ygwJh wpfcsdefu jrefrmhwyfrawmf u okH;cJhwJhb&if; u,f&D,mawG[m txufu ykHtwdkif;yJ/



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    t*Fvefvkyf trSwf (36) vufypfAkH;/ emewfoD;vdkUac:Muw,f/ (4) puefU twGif;aygufuGJw,f/ vufypfAkH; udk yifjzKwfjyD; ypfvdkufwmeJ yg;pyfu waxmifhwpf? waxmifhESpf? waxmifhokH;? waxmifhav; vdkU atmf&w,f/ waxmifhav; vdkU atmfjyD;wmeJU AkH;vJuGJa&m/ 'D vufypfAkH; udk ypfcwf&if axmifvdkuf usatmif ypf&w,f/ 'grS AkH;p awG tzufzuf udk vGifhpifjyD; &efol udk xdrSefapEdkifw,f/



    wyfMuyfBuD; ESifh t&m&dS awGudkifwJh tar&duefvkyf .30 trf0rf;umbdkifaoewf (M1 Carbine) ykHpH (2) rsdK;jzpfaew,f/ nmzuf ykHu 'kwd, urmppf tjyD;xkwfwJh ykHpHtopf/

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    Last edited by koluchaw; 07-06-2009 at 09:32 PM.
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    Heckler & Koch HK33 ukd jrefrmrIjyKxm;wmuawmh MA-11 ESifh MA-12 &kdifz,frsm;jzpfygw,f/ MA-11AR uawmh G-3 &JU 5.56mm yHkpHeJU qifwlygw,f/


    JANE'S DEFENCE &JU tqkdt& jrefrmhwyfrawmftwGuf udk,fykdif vufeuf puf&Hkrsm; ydkifqkdifwnfaqmifxm;ygw,f/

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    nf;rsm;eJU pwifvnfywfcJhygw,f/ 1945rSm emrnfausmf BA52 ( rlvtrnf TZ45 Submachinegun) ukd w&m;0if vkdifpifcH xkwfvkyfcJhygw,f/ *smref tif*sifeD,m;&if; ukrPDBuD;jzpfwJh FRITZ WERNER u G3 &kdifz,frsm;twGuf pufypnf;rsm; wyfqifay;cJhygw,f/

    ppfvufeufydwfqkdUrIrsm; jyKvkyfcH&NyD;aemufrSm tqkdygpuf&Hkudk tpkd;&rS odrf;,lcJhNyD; MYANMAR FRITZ WERNER COMPANY vkdU trnfay;cJhygw,f/ tqkdygpuf&HkrS G-3 rsm; qufvuf xkwfvkyfcJhygw,f/

    aemufykdif;wGif tqkdyg G-3 rsm;tm; STANAG M16 yHkpHusnfuyfrsm; ajymif;vJ wyfqifcJhNyD; NATO 5.56x45mm usnfqHrsm; ypfEkdifatmif ajymif;vJcJhygw,f/ JANE &JU tqkdt& puFmylESifh tp
    a&;ukrPDtcsdKU[m ppfvufeuf ydwfqkdUrIrsm;Mum;u tulnDay;cJhw,fvkdU qkdygw,f/

    t&Iyft&Sif;wpfck pwifcJhwmuawmh a&eHydkufvkdif;apmifh wyfrawmfom;rsm;u EMERK-1 aoewfrsm; ukdifaqmifcJhwmudk jrifcJhMuwmu pwmyg/ tJ'Dta&SUrSm NG CHUNG KEUNG [k trnfwGifwJh NORINCO &JU vufatmufcH w&kwfukr
    PDwpfcku jrefrmtpkd;&&JU tulnDawmif;cHrIt& NORINCO QBZ-97 5.56mm bull-pup assault rifle erlemyHkpHrsm; ay;ykdUcJhygw,f/ jrefrmwm0ef&Sdolrsm;rS tqkdyg aoewftm; ESpfNcdKufcJhMuaomfvnf; w&kwftpkd;&u acwfrDvufeufpepfrsm; jrefrmwkdU&oGm;rSmudk rvkdvm;cJhbJ uefUuGufrIrsm;aMumifh tqkdyg QBZ-97 topfrsm;tm; qufvuf wifydkUEkdifjcif;r&SdbJ ukrPDESifh oabmwlnDrIrsm;tm;vHk; zsufodrf;cJh&w,fvkdU qkdygw,f/

    'ghaMumifh jrefrmwyfrawmftif*sifeD,mrsm;[m QBZ-97 &JU erlemyHkpHrsm;udk MunfhNyD; jynfwGif;rSm qufvufxkwfvkyfEkdifzkdU BudK;pm;cJhygw,f/ jynfwGif;&Sd vuf&SdoHk;pGJaewJh vufeufrsm;ESifh ,SOfvsuf tenf;i,fajymif;vJrIrsm;jyKvkyfcJhygw,f/ puFmylEkdifiH\ tulnDjzifh vkdtyfaom pufyp
    nf;rsm; 0,f,lEkdifcJhygw,f/

    tJ'DaemufrSmawmh EMERK-1 &kdifz,frsm; a&eHykdufvkdif;apmifh ppfonfrsm; udkifaqmifvmwm awGU&awmhwmygyJ/ tqkdyg &kdifz,frsm;onf tp
    a&; IMI Engineering rS IMI TAVOR pDrHudef;t& jrefrmwm0ef&Sdolrsm;ESifh yl;aygif; avhvmrI jyKcJhaom Steyr AUG rsm;ESifhvnf; yHkpHtenf;i,fqifonf[k ajymEkdif ygonf/ tvm;wl &kdifz,frsm;rSm w&kwfjynfolUwyfrawmf\ NORINCO QBZ-97, puFmylwyfrawmf\ ST-KINETICS SAR-21, Mopaw;vswyfrawmf\ STEYR AUGESifh tpa&; wyfrawmf\ IMI TAVOR rsm;jzpfygonf/

    aemufykdif;qufvufxkwfvkyfcJhaom EMERK-3 &kdifz,frsm;onf GALIL &kdifz,frsm;ESifh tvm;wlygonf/

    tar&duefvkyf M203 AHk;ypfavmifcsmudk yHkpH,lxm;aom BA203 AHk;ypfavmifcsmrsm;vnf; xkwfvkyfcJhygonf/ tqkdygavmifcsmrsm;twGuf tar&duef ukr
    PDrsm;u pufypnf;rsm; a&mif;csay;cJhwmjzpfEkdifw,fvkdU JANE u qkdygw,f/ 'gayr,fh t"duwm0ef&Sdoluawmh puFmylygyJvkdU JANE uajymygw,f/

    taMumif;&if;uawmh puFmylonf M203rsm;twGuf w&m;0ifvkdifpifcHxm;onf/ tqkdygvkdifpifrSm puFmylvkyf tar&duef M16-S1 yHkpH AR15 &kdifz,frsm;? SAR-80 ESifh SR-88 vufeufpepf
    rsm;wGif SAR-21 bull-pup long firearms cache wyfqiftoHk;jyKjcif;vnf; ygygonf/ olUudk EMERK-3 wGif wyfqifvkdufygu M203 ESifhtvm;wl AHk;ypfavmifcsm tjzpftoHk;jyKEkdifonfudk awGU&ygonf/

    tqkdyg EMERK-3 rSm IMI GALIL &kdifz,fESifh xyfwlvkdU ajymEkdifygonf/

    MA-1 umbkdifrSm tqkdyg EMERK-3 udk wkdatmifvkyfxm;aomyHkpHjzpfygonf/ aoewf'ifukd ow
    KjzifhjyKvkyfxm;NyD; acgufxm;Ekdifygonf/ ajymif;vnf; ykdwkdygonf/ GALIL ESihfykdwlvmonf[k ajymvkdU&ygonf/

    LINK



    MA-11AR


    5.56x45 Galil Carbine






    ---------------------------------------------------------------

    (pmBuGif;/

    rl&if;
    aqmif;yg;&Sifu jrefrmhwyfrawmfoHk; &kdifz,faoewftcsdKUrSm w&m;0if rlykdif vkdifpifcHNyD; xkwfvkyfjcif;r[kwfbJ tjcm;olrsm;xkwfvkyfxm;aom aoewfyHkpHrsm;udk ckd;,lxkwfvkyfonf[k pGyfpGJvkdonfudk awGU&ygonf/ )


    ( 'Do&ufukd pdwf0ifpm;pGmzwf&Itm;ay;Muolrsm;? yg0iftm;jznfh aqG;aEG;ay;olrsm;jzpfwJh ukdyJ&D? udkrsdK;cspfeJU udkvlacsmwkdUtm; txl;aus;Zl;wif&Sdygw,fcifAsm;)
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  10. #10
    VIMC & Best member of the year Godly Cupid   koluchaw is on a distinguished road
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    'kwd,urmppf twGif;u jAdwdoQ (t*Fvdyf) wyfawG tokH;jyKcJhwJh Apfum (Vickers) pufaoewfMuD;yg/ ppfjyD; jrefrmhwyfrawmf rSm tokH;jyKcJhovm;qdkwmuawmh raocsmyg/

    ,mzuf u ykHu ba&mifeif (Browning 0.5) ydGKifhzdkuf pufaoewfMuD;yg/

    vufeufi,f- vufeufBuD; vdkUcGJjcm;ac:wmuawmh ypfcwf&wJvlta&twGuf udk vdkuf cGJjcm;xm;jcif;yg/

    1962 ckESpfavmufrSm taemuf*smrPD EdkifiH H&K ukrPD xkwf G3 aoewfykHpHudk0,fvdkufjyD; jrefrmrSK jyKcJhwJh bDat-63 aoewfyg/


    bDat-63 ESifh bDat-64 (*sDzdk;) aoewf wdkUtwGuf7.62 rr t&G,ftpm;&dSwJhaewdk;usnfqef udk okH;&w,f/ 7.62 rr usnfqH &JU xdcsuf [m tawmfjyif;w,f/ aoewftoHuvJ wdkwdkwkwfwkwf eJU toHjyif;w,f/
    *sDo&D; aoewf ypfcwfaeykH/ ppfom;&JU b,fzufvuf u taetxm;rSm;aeygw,f/

    usaemf wqifhjyefMum;zl;wmuawmh *sDo&D; xuf t&G,ftpm;i,fwJh *sDwl; qdkwmudk okH;cJhao;w,f/ usnfqef udk rajymif;vJyJ tokH;jyKcJhawmh usnfqH jyif;tm;aMumifh aoewfawG ysufqD;ukefw,fvdkUajymygw,f/ 'gaMumifh 7.62 rr t&G,f&dS aewdk; (NATO) usnfqHtpm; tar&duefppfwyf okH; 5.56 rr t&G,f usnfqH udkokH;EdkifwJh aoewf ykHpHtopf MA-11 ESifh MA-12 wdkU udk tokH;jyKvmMuw,f/ (ta&SUydkpfh rSm udkabmhcsef a&;xm;jyD;jyD)/ xdkaoewfrsm; rSm tpa&; wdkU\ aoewf udk ykHpH,lxm;wm vdkUMum;zl;ygw,f/aoewf ykHpH topf MA-11 ESifh MA-12 rsm;/

    Last edited by koluchaw; 07-06-2009 at 08:51 PM.
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+ pmjyefNyD; qufa&;zdkU

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