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    taNc tae awG eJU ? aiGaps; ? a&T aps; awG u aNymif; Nyef Nzpf ae& aygU ? cifAsm /

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    pdk;&drfvGef; vdkU awGU &m a':vm ? awGU &m a&T av; taNy; uav; 0,f Mu & ovdk
    tck vdk aps; awG Nyef xdk; qif; NyefawmU ? udk,fU ypnf;av; ? atmuf aps; txd rqif; cif
    taNy;av; Nyefa&mif; Mu & awmU 2 cg Nyef ? vl arm aiG arm ? a[m [J qdkuf & Nyef y Asm
    rd at; eSpf cg em ? uH awG u vJ qdk; & vGef; aygU Asm /
    ESpfcg uGJ wJU tonf; ? r em bJ &Sd y r vm; Asm /

    a&T a&mif; wJU qdkif ? a':vm a&mif; wJU qdkif awG u awmU ? b,f vdk taNc tae Nzpf Nzpf
    rsufeSmxm; u cyfwif;wif;ygbJ ? orw vc odef; 50 & r,f Mum; Mu vdkU vlawG
    taNy; tvTm; ? aiGrm awG 0,f? a&T awG0,f & wHk; u vJ ? 0,f csif wdkif; 0,f r& ygbl;?
    a&T a&mif; wJU qdkif ? a':vm a&mif;wJU qdkif awG u rsufeSmxm; u cyfwif;wif; eJU
    aNcmufpm; a[mufpm; a&mif; Mu ovdk ? tck vdk aps; us vdkU vl awG u Nyefa&mif;
    Mu & NyefawmU vJ ? udk,fU qdkif u a&mif;xm;wJU a&T udk ? udk,f Nyef 0,f & wm awmif
    rsufeSmxm; u cyfwif;wif; eJU r0,fcsif ovdk ? tifwifwif vkyfMu Nyef yg a&m cif Asm ?

    uGsefawmf t&if a&; Ny cJU ovdk ? wdkif;Nynf pD;yGm;a&; *sif MuD; udk b,fol u bJ
    0if vSnfU vSnfU ? us orQ aygufaumif 0uf bJ Nzpf vdkU ? tvSnfU wdkif; cH ae & wm u ?
    ol vdk ig vdk ? trsm; Nynfol ? omref vl awG yg bJ cif Asm/

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    a':vm qdkwm tar&duef ydkuf qH ? w
    urm vHk; trsm; oHk; aiG tNzpf vufcH NyD;
    oHk;Mu yg w,f ? ol eJU csdwf quf NyD; oHk; ae wJU edKifiH wum aiG aMu; pepf u
    trsm;MuD; yg ? a':vm u edkifiHwum aiGaMu; aps; uGuf rSm vJ tm; enf; yg w,f/
    'g u vJ ? trsm; odNyD; om; ? olU taMumif; eJU ol Nzpf & wm yg/

    a&T aps; vJ twlwl yg bJ ? a':vm tm;aysmU &if a&Taps; u?
    urmrSm wuf vm yg w,f
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    usm; uef cJU & vdkU ?
    urmU a&Taps; aNymif; wm awG &Sd cJU yg w,f/

    NrefrmNynf rSm u a':vmaps; u ? yHk rSef tm;NzifU qyfyvdkif; eSifU 'Dref; oabm yg bJ
    aiGrm toHk;rsm;NyD; ? NynfwGif; xJ aiG rm t0if eJ &if ? aiG rmaps; wuf & ovdk
    aiGrm toHk; r&Sd bJ ? NynfwGif; aps; uGuf xJ aiGrm t0if rsm; &if ? aiGrmaps; us pNrJyg/

    tck tcsdef rSm ? ausmuf rsuf yGJ u aiGrmawG ? "gwfaiGU a&mif; xm; wJU aiGrmawG
    tpdk;& rSm bD vsH 50 avmuf t&H aiGrm &Sd vm wmawG ? w&kyf acs;aiG trsm;MuD;
    0ifvm wm awG ? edkifiHNcm; ya&m*sufawG wdk; 0ifvmwm awG ? edkifiH Ncm; u a&TArm
    awG rdom;pk awG xH yHk rSef aiG Nyef? ydkU wJU tcsdK; rsm; vm awG u ? aiGrm t0if buf
    udk 'D eSpf twGif; odod omom tm; NynfU vm ap yg w,f/

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    oufouf yg ? NrefrmNynf xJ rSm u vGJ vdkU ?
    urmay: rSm b,f ae &m rS oHk; vdkU
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    pOf; pm; vdkU roifU yg bl; ? t aMumif; w&m; eSpf ck ? u owfowf pD yg cif Asm/

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    Nrefrm tpdk;& eJU bJ qdkifyg w,f ? w&m;0ifaps; ? wa':vm 6 usyfomom yg/
    1988 ta&;cif; rNzpfcif u arSmifcdkaps; 20 usyf ausmfausmf bJ &Sdygw,f/

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    ArmNynf twGif; rSm om ? olU taMumif; eJU olNzpf oGm; cJU wm yg/

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    25 bwf 30 bwf 0ef;usif ? *syef ,ef; eJU qdk 80 - 100 0ef; usif ? tdef',d, &lyD; eJU
    qdk 35 - 40 &lyD; 0ef;usif ? ydef rom ? vdef rom yg/

    tck vdk w&m;0ifaps; wa':vm 6 usyf u ae 1300 Nzpf vdkuf ? tck vdk 800 0ef;usif
    Nzpf vdkuf eJU Nzpf csif wdkif; Nzpf ae wm awG u ?
    urmeJU b,fvdkrS ? bm rS rqdkif ygbl;?
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    NynfwGif; rSm bJ tpdk;& u &dkufeSdyf owf rSwf xkwfa0 wmyg ? olU tdk; olU qef ? eJU
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    Nzpf Nzpf ? tay: rSm a&; xm; wJU ? edkifiHwum aiG ? bwf ? ,ef; ? &lyD; ? ,Grf ? wdkU vdk
    tdrfeD;csif; edkifiHrsm; oHk;aiG vdk wefbdk; uGm[rI odyf r&Sd bJ wnfwnf NidrfNidrf Nzpf & rSmyg

    tck awmU pdwf xif wdkif; ? ydkuf qH awG xif wdkif; &dkuf oHk; cJU awmU ? tJ'D tcsdef awG rSm
    wa':vm 1300 avmuf txd NzpfcJU& yg w,f ? wu,f awmU tJ 'D tcsdef awG [m
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    odvm wm udk u ? aumif; bdkU Nzpf vm bdkU ? ueOD; aNc wvSrf; yg/ tpdk;& u NyD; cJU wJU
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    tpD&ifcH &Sif; Ny & awmU rSm Nzpf ygw,f /

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    aocsm pm&if;awG t&if Nyefppf ae ygw,f ? NyD;awmU vufiif; csay;xm; wJU toHk;pm&dwf
    awG 25% avmuf NzwfNypf xm; yg w,f/ txl; oNzifU topf vkyfrJU vkyfief;awG yg
    aqmufvkyf qJ taqmuftODawG 25 % avmuf rS rNyD; ao;&if quf rvkyf awmU ygbl;
    aiGusNyD;om; ay rJU ? vkyfief; rp & ao; &if ? tm;vHk; udk quf vkyf cGifU rNyK awmU bJ
    bwf*sufawG trsm;MuD; ? Nyefodrf; ypf vdkuf yg w,f ? r oHk;awmU ygbl; wJU cifAs /

    tck qdk ? t&if tdk au ae wJU ? uef x&dkuf wm MuD; awG ? 'kwf c eJU vS vS awGU &
    yg w,f ? vuf &Sd vkyf ief; udk a&SU vkyf ief; u & rJU aiG eJU csdef NyD; ? tvkyf awG
    trsm;MuD;? vuf cH xm; wJU ol awG ? a&SU vkyf ief; u & p&m aiG r&Sd edkif awmU
    wcsdKU qdk ? vkyfom;c ? aeU csif; &Sif; bdkU awmif ? tawmf cuf vm Mu yg bD/

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    bwf*suf u a&SUvl u MudK oHk;oGm; wm twGuf taMuG;qyf & rvdk Nzpf aewm trsm;
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    usus eJU b,f vdk &Sif; Mu rvJ ? b,fvdk udkif wG,f rvJ ? vTwfawmf udk,fpm;vS,f
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    tck Nzpf ae wJU a':vm aps; us wm ? a&T aps; us wm awG u ? tJ 'D taMumif;
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    &Sd wJU tvkyf NyD; Nywf atmif ? udk,fU aiG udk,f bJ ? w u,fxkwf ? pdkuf Mu & yg w,f/

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    aNym csif yg w,f ? NrefrmNynf rSm u? udk,fU cGef udk,fU tm; eJU w&m;enf;vrf; wus
    ormtmZD0 eJU MudK;pm; vdkU olaX;MuD; Nzpf vm ol &Sm;yg w,f ? tpdk;& eJU eD;pyf vdkU
    tcGifUxl; cH NyD; ? Nzwfvrf; u ? vufwef; csrf;omvmol awG u ydk rsm; yg w,f/

    tck vdk ? vTwfawmf eJU Oya' eJU txdrf; tuGyf av; eJeJ yg;yg; &Sd vm wm udk u
    r&Sdwm eJU pm&if 0rf;om p&myg / Oya' ydkNyD; tm;aumif; vm r,f ? txdrf; tuGyf ydk
    wdus rSef uef vm r,f qdk&ifawmU ? twdkif; xuf tvGef aygU cif Asm/

    tck vdk a':vm eJY ESdKif; pm vdkU Nrefrm aiG wefbdk; wuf vm ? a&T aps; awG us vm wmu ?
    tpdk;&opf u pD rH cefU cGJ rI awmf vdkU ? NrefrmNynf pD;yGm;a&; aumif; vm vdkU

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    acwf tqufquf ? xif &m vkyf vm wm awG udk ? quf rvkyf Nzpf awmU bJ ?
    bm qufvkyf &if aumif; rvJ qdk NyD; ? ce av; eJ eJ &yfxm; NyD; ? ce em; MunfU vdkuf wm
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    tpm; & racsmif Nzpf ae wHk; ? NynfwGif; oHk; aiG awG ? ce ? &Sm; oGm; vdkU Nzpf & wmyg/
    tpdk;& rSm eJ eJ av; ? txdrf; tuGyf &Sd vm cJU &if ? wdkif; Nynf pD;yGm; a&; rSm
    od od om om ? xda&muf oGm; wm udk ? Nrif om vm yg w,f/

    wu,fawmU vuf&Sd taNctae u aiGaMu;aps;uGuf udk t"du OD;aqmif ae wmu
    tpdk;& yg/ ol u vkyfief;awG cs ay; rS ? vuf oifU &m olaX;MuD;awG touf&SL acsmif
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    'D vdk ? a':vmaps; aumif; cJU wm u ? wdkif; Nynf rSm 0rf;om p&m rNzpf cJU yg bl; ?

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    Nyef wuf vm rSm yg? awmf Mum ZifbmabG edkifiH udef; qdkuf oGm; vdkU ? tJ om u rS
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    uGsefawmf wdkU wdkif;Nynf u vl awG u vJ acguf &dk; usdK; ae yg w,f Asm/
    udk,fU &Sd wJU Opm "e udk y&dk'wfwpfAf Nzpf edkif rJU &if; ESD; NrKyf eSH rI udk pdwf rul; edkif
    Mu ygbl; ? wcg vm vJ ? &Sd o rQ aiG eJU ? Nrwf r,f xif wm ? & oavmuf vdkuf 0,f?
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    tck qdk toHMum; zm; ao ? aps; uGuf rsdK; bJ &Sd yg w,f ? vl 100 rSm wa,muf
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    ygbl; cif Asm ? ta&mif; t0,f Nzpf cJU wm u vJ ? wu,f oHk; rJU ol u bJ
    t0,f &Sd wm yg ? [dkw,f aqmuf csif vdkU ? bPf aqmuf csif vdkU ? aq;cef; aqmuf
    csifvdkU ? a&SmUyif; armfvf aqmufcsif vdkU p oNzifU ? wu,f oHk;rJU ol u bJ 0,f wmyg

    tckawmU aNraps;uGufxJ wdkif; wyg;om; u 0if&SKyf wm rsm; vm awmU aps;uGuf u
    uarmufurNzpf vm yg w,f/ [dk t&if armfvNrdKif pufrIZkefaNruGufawG twufMurf;cJU
    wmav; owd& vdkU yg/ &efukefom; awG qif;NyD; aNraps; tay;Murf; vdkufwm ? b,f wHk;
    u rS a&mif; rxGuf wJU aNr uGuf awG aps; wuf ukef yg w,f ? tJ 'D pufrI Zkefem;
    vl awG w&Hk;&Hk; eJU a&mif; Mu 0,f Mu aygU As? cdkif cdkif rmrm pm&Guf pmwrf; raNym eJU
    zdkwdkpwuf qGJxm;wJU aNryHk pm&Gufav; udkif xm; wJU vl awGU awmif ? ZGwf twif; p&H
    vdkuf owf & wJU taNc tae Nzpf vm yg w,f/

    aps; uGuf tNrifU qHk; tcsdef ? aps; ta[mU qHk; tcsdef vJ us a&m ? &ef ukefom;awG
    wa,muf rS r &Sd awmU yg bl; ? aNruGuf awG udk wufaps;MuD; eJU vuf xJ rSm
    trsm;MuD; rd ae ol awG udk MunfU vdkuf awmU ? tukef vHk; armfvNrdKifom; awG yg bJ/
    'D tcsdef rSm awmU &efukefom;awG u aiG xkyf ydkuf NyD; ? tukef aysmuf oGm; Mu yg bD/

    tckvJ Mum; ae & wm ? aNr ? t NrdK cH ae & wJU ol awG tawmf rsm; vm yg w,f/
    vuf xJ &Sd wJU aNr uGuf u vJ a&mif; rxGuf ? Nrwf r,f xif vdkU p&H owf xm; wJU
    aNruGuf u vJ vuf xJ trsm;MuD; ? taMu aNc bdkU ? u vJ acGs; Nyef p &m yg/
    w&kyfMuD; awG aNr uGuf aps; ar; wm ? t oH odyf rMum; & &if awmU NzifU ?
    o wd av; awmU xm; Mu yg cif Asm/ ydkuf abm rd w,f qdk wm
    vl twGuf a&m ? em rnf twGuf yg qdk; vGef; yg w,f cif Asm /

    tck avmavmq,f u awmU aiG vSnfU edkifwJU ? pwdk;qdkif wdkU ? ta&mif; t0,f
    tao; av; awG tqifaNy yg w,f? avmb aZm ? awmU odyf rxm;Mu yg eJU Asm
    aps;aumif; &if pOf;pm; rae yg eJU ? a&mif; om a&mif; vdkuf yg/
    aps; us wm awGU &if pOf;pm; rae yg eJU ? 0,f om xm; vdkuf yg/
    wufNyD; usp tcsdef rSm a&mif; wm rSef &if ? usNyD; wufp tcsdef rSm 0,f wm rSef &if
    tusdK; rsm; yg w,f cif Asm ? olrsm; aemuf rS awmU ? r a,mif yg eJU awmU cifAsm/
    Nidrf Nidrf ae wm u ? tusdK; ,kwf p&m r&Sd yg cif Asm/

    aemuf aNcmufv avmuf txd u awmU rdk;av0oq&mMuD; OD;xGef;vGifaNymovdkygbJ/
    pD;yGm;a&; vmeDnm u &SdNrJ &Sd ae OD; rSm yg/ azmufNyef aeOD; rSm yg /
    b*Fvm; yifv,fatmf rSm wdrfwdkuf awG azmufNyef rI &Sd r&Sd udk arsmfMunfU & ovdkygbJ
    tpdk;&opf u bm quf vkyf rvJ qdk wm udk awmU ? rsuf aNc rNywf ? MunfU ae NyD; ?
    csuf csif; ? oabm ayguf bdkU vdk yg w,f cif Asm ?

    NrefrmNynfolNynfom; tm;vHk; pD;yGm;a&; &moDOwk azmufNyefrIab; u tpOfuif;a0;
    edkifMuygap cifAsm ? aecsnfNzmwdkif; aEG;Muygap ? a& Munf &Gm wdkif; at; edkif Muygap
    ysdK; rSef ? rdk; rSef ? av rSef eJU om,m0aNymNyD; ? vkyf o rQ pD;yGm;a&; tcGifU tvrf;
    tpOf yGifU vrf; atmif Nrif edkif Mu yg ap Asm; /

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