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    uarmuf ur owif;rsm;



    'D &ufydkif; Nrif& Mum;&wm? uarmufur yg Asm/ owif; aqG;aEG;Ncif; x&ufrSm owif;
    zwfol wOD; uGefrifU ay;xm;wm zwf&ygw,f/ tck &ufydkif; usL;ypfowif;
    x&ufawGxJ
    owif;awG zwf&wm uarmufur eJU tqifUtwef; edrfUvmw,f
    vdkU oluqdkygw,f /
    [kwfygw,f? wu,fawmU zwf & wJU owif;awGu
    uarmufur Nzpf&wmu ?
    NzpfaewJU taNctae trSefawG uvJ?
    uarmufurawG rsm;vGef; aevdkUyg/

    tckbJ MunfU av ? 'D av; ig;&uf twGif; aiGrmaps; ? a&T aps; awG twuf tus Murf;
    vdkuf Mu wm wu,fU udk uarmuf ur yg bJ ? vl awG qdkwm a,muf ,uf udk cwf
    ae Mu yg w,f/ &Sd wJU ydkuf qH av; awG MuGyf MuGyf tdwf av; awG eJU ? a':vm
    a&mif; wJU qdkif wdkU ? a&T qdkif wdkU rSm Mudwf Mudwf wdk; aygU Asm/

    aiG rm toHk; vdk vdkU ? a&T txnf 0wf bdkU vdk vdkU awmU ?r[kwf & yg Asm ? uarmuf
    ur owif; awG [dk Mum; 'D Mum; eJU ? udk,fU &Sd wJU zGwf uvd '*Fg;av; ? yGef;NyD;
    yg; roGm; & av atmif ? aomu pdwf av; awG eJU vkyf rd vkyf &m vkyf Mu & wm yg/
    a':vma&mif; ol awG ? a&T qdkif awG u rsuf eSm xm; awG? rm Mu vdkU aygU Asm/
    zkef; quf NyD; aps; ar; vdkU u awmU ? b&mom ? qdkif udk om tck vm cJU yg/
    aps; u aNym vdkU r& vdkU yg qdk yg w,f ? qdkif a&muf wmawmif ydkuf qH t&if ay;
    xm; aps; u NyD; rS Nzwfay; r,f qdk NyD; ? [ef;zkef; av; eJU [dk ar; ? 'D ar;
    ar; vdkuf & wJU aps; awmfawmf eJU r NyD; yg Asm/

    qdkif &Sif awG zkef; aNym aewm udk ab; u xdkif em;axmif ae & wJU aiGrm 0,fcsifol
    a&T0,f csif ol awG u tif rwef oem; p&m aumif; yg w,f ? ol Mum; ae & wmu
    rdepf ydkif; twGif; aps; u *Pef; awG u waNz;Nz; MuD; vm wm Mum; Mum; ae & awmU
    [Hr,frif; ig u uH tifwefMuD; vGef; vdkU 'D aps; eJU t&Gufpdrf; av; ? a&T wHk; av;
    vuf 0,f & vdkuf wm xif oGm; Mu y Asm/

    qdkifawG u awmU a&mif; vdkuf Mu & wmyg Asm ? a&T txnf twHk; MuD; twHk; ao;
    txnf ? vuf aumuf ? vuf pGyf ? 'DZdkif; aumif; aumif; ? raumif; aumif;
    udk,f eJU vuf rSm awmf awmf ? r awmf awmf ? ygwfum; a&T abmuf csm av; &
    &if ausauseyf eyf 0,f oGm; Mu aygU Asm ? a':vm a&mif; ol awG u vJ tudkuf yg
    bJ ? acgif; MuD; acgif;ao; ? t&Guf 0g trJ ? t&Guf pkwf ? acguf &dk; usdK; rusdK;
    rMunfU tm; awmU yg Asm ? ,ledkufwpf pwdwf ? 0rf; a':vm pmwef; zwf vdkU &&if bJ
    0,fvdkuf Mu aygU Asm ? awmf awmf ? b&kwf b&uf yg cif Asm/

    'D &ufydkif; wdkif;Nynf pD;yGm; a&; NAKef; qdk wuf oGm; vdkU ? vl awG 0,f edkif Muwm
    'dkif; u eJU pD;yGm; a&; us oGm; vdkU ? Arm aiGaps; xdk;us oGm;wm r[kwf & yg Asm
    vufMuD; ukef onfawG aNym Mu wm u ? *sme,f awG awmf awmf rsm; rsm; rSm
    orw vpm topf u odef; 50 ? b,fol u vpm odef; 40 ? 0efMuD; vpm u
    odef; 30 ? NynfolU vTwfawmf trwf awG u vpm 3 odef; ? a'ovTwfawmf trwfawG
    u vpm 2 odef; qdkNyD; acgif;pD; trJ awG eJU owif;xl;awG tNzpf azmf Ny vm wm &Sd
    yg w,f wJU As/

    'D owif; awG eJU quf pyfNyD; 0efxrf; awG udk vnf; vpm wdk; ay; r,f ? 3 q 4 q
    a&mufatmif wdk; ay; r,f ? tmqD,H xuf vpm redrfU atmif wdk; ay; r,f qdk wJU
    owif; awG xGuf vm yg w,f ? tedrfUqHk; atmufaNc 0efxrf; tqifU 'gv0rf wdkU?
    &dk;&dk;ppfom; tqifU awmif wv 1 odef; ausmf ay;awmU r,f ? nTefcsKyf nTefrSL; qdk &if
    vpm 15 odef; ? odef; 20 avmuf & r,f qdk NyD; yg;pyf owif;awG Nzpf vm yg w,f/

    pOf;pm;MunfUMu yg cif Asm ? [dkt&if 56 usyfpm; pma&; vpm wHk; u vJ ol pm;edkifwm
    iyda& wcGufygbJ ? aemuf 126 usyf pma&; vpm wHk; u vJ ol pm;edkifwm
    iyda& wcGufygbJ ? aemuf wqifU wdk;vdkU 450 pma&; vpm wdk;cJJU vJ ol pm;edkifwm
    iyda& wcGufygbJ ? q,f q wdk;vdkuf vdkU 4500 pma&; vpm NzpfawmU vJ ol
    pm;edkifwm iyda& wcGufygbJ ? 2006 u 2 aomif; cGJ Nzpf atmif pma&; vpm
    NzpfvmawmU vJ ol pm;edkifwm iyda& wcGufygbJ ?

    NyD;cJU wJU eSpf u vl wdkif; udk aemufxyf 2 aomi;f pD vpm xyfwdk;vdkU
    4 aomif; a&muf awmU ? pm; ae & wJU vJ iyda& awmif ? eJeJ xyf NyD; a& MuJ oGm;vdkU?
    i&kwfoD; rSKefU awmif odyf rxnfU edkif awmU ygbl; ?
    tck vdk tenf; qHk; 1 odef; ausmf vpm awG tmqD,H vpm ay; r,fU
    acwfqdk&if vJ ? xHk;pH twdkif; iyd&nfMuJ qdkwm aocsm ae awmU ? ol ol ig ig
    igU aiG av; ? yg;oGm; & csD &JU qdkyD; ?aom u yGm;Mu rSm ? tao tcsm aygU Asm/

    [kwf r[kwf awmU aocsm raNymedkifbl; aygU Asm ? apmifU awmU MunfU & OD; rSm yg
    tck *sme,fawG xJ Nyxm;wJU vpm pm &if; twdkif; qdk &if awmU ? tck aNym ae ovdk
    wdk; bdkU u odyf rvG,f bl; cif Asm ? tck nTefcsKyf vpm u 2 odef; 0ef;usif yg/
    *sme,f awG xJ Nyxm; wm u ? NynfolU vTwfawmf trwf awG u vpm 3 odef; ?
    a'ovTwfawmf trwfawG u vpm 2 odef; qdkNyD; aNymxm; yg w,f ? qdk awmU um
    nTefcsKyf vpm u oHk;odef; ausmf bdkU Nzpfedkif acs odyf r&Sd ygbl; ? wdk; &if wOD; udk
    3 aomif; avmuf bJ wdk; edkif aNc &Sd yg w,f/ vl awG xif aMu; eJU aps; awG rNidrf &if
    tck pm; ae & wJU ig;yd&nf awmif ? npm reufpm wcg xyf cGJ ae & yg ODr,f cifAsm

    tck vuf &Sd w&m; 0if vpm awG u ? OD;oef;a&T u trsm;qHk;yg ? wv udk 12 odef; yg
    'kwd,vl u 7 odef; & ygw,f ? 0efMuD; vpm u ig;odef; ? 'k 0efMuD; vpm u 3 odef;
    nTefcsKyf vpm u 2 odef; yg/ 'gayrJU olwdkU cHpm;cGifU & aewm awG u tck vlawG
    aoG;ysuf ae Mu wJU wv odef; 50 udk b,f rI Mu rvJ Asm ? wv wv & wJU
    "gwfqD*gvH awG ? ygrpf&xm; wJU tdrf&Sdvl ukef ? rdkbdkif;zkef;awG ? &xm; wJU aNruGuf
    awG ? aqmufxm;wJU tNrdKU NrdKIUt&Gm &Gm u wdkufMuD;awG ? om; orD; awG eHrnf eJU
    axmif xm; wJU ukefrPD awG ? eSpfwdkif; tpdk;& aps; eJU 0,f ,lcGifU &xm; wJU
    udk,fydkif um;awG tpD;aygif; renf;yg Asm ? yg*s&dk vdk um;rsdK;awmif tpdk;& aps;
    10 odef; bJ ay; & wmyg / t&if 0efMuD; awG u 5 odef; bJ vpm & &Sm awmU
    wdkuf wvHk; odef; tpdwf eJU um; wpD; 10 odef; wef avmuf bJ 7 pD; avmuf
    bJ 0,fpD; edkif &Sm wm yg/ tJ 'g u ppf tpfk;& acwf udk;As/

    tck u ta&G;cs,f cH tpdk;& qdkawmU tJ vdk rsdK; awG & csif rS & yg awmU rvm;
    rod ao; yg cif Asm ? wNcm; edkifiH awG u tpdk;& awG vdk ? vpm rS wyg;
    tNcm; 0ifaiG r&S dap & ? & wJU vpm twdkif; ? trsm; Nynfol awG 0,fpm; ae & wJU
    twdkif; oHk;ap qdk&if ? 'D odef; 50 twdkif; oHk; qdk vdkU u awmU? tck 0ef MuD; opf awG
    tukefvHk; NcHK; rJ cs NyD; ? xdkif idk Mu r,f xif yg w,f ? t&if u & wJU vpm 5 odef;
    eJU ?tuefU towf r&Sd wJU vkyf ydkif cGifU u ? tck & rJU odef; 50 xuf
    ydk NyD; ? trsm; MuD; ? wGuf acs udkuf ae wm udk; cif As/

    b,fvdk Nzpf vm r,f qdk wm rodedkif ao; ygbl; ? aNym xm; wJU Oya' twdkif; qdk &if
    odef; 50 pm; orw rif; u ? NynfolU tcGefeSKef; 30 % ( 15 odef; ) vpm tNzwf cH
    &&if 35 odef; bJ ? w&m;0if & bdkU &Sd yg w,f cif Asm ? Oya' txuf rSm
    wu,fU udk ? b,fol rS r&S dbl; qdk &if aygU av ?

    wu,fawmU orw vpm odef; 50 ay; r,f qdk vdkuf ,Hk eJU ? aiGaps; awG yG NyD;
    aps; aNymif; & wm qdk &if ? u armuf u r yg ? t&if uwJ u ? wv udk odef; 50
    0ifaiG &Sd wJU vl awG trsm;MuD; yg/ qnfaNrmif; u attD; rif; wdkU ? uyf pwef nTefrSL;
    *sDtD;wyf u vrf;Adkvf wdkU ? e,fpyf*dwfem; u AsL[mrSL;wdkU ? t&if axmufvSrf;a&;
    tzGJUu wyfMuyfMuD; wdkU ? [dk tonf; wdkU eSvHk; wdkU txl;uk wJU q&m0efMuD; wdkU
    aeNynfawmf rSm rD;vdkif;qGJ wJU uefx&dkuf wdkU ? pmay;pm,l teD;uyf 0dkif; usL&SifNy
    wJU uxdu wdkU ? reSpf u q,fwef;ar;cGef; xkwf& NyD; ? 'D eSpf udk q,fwef; txl;
    &S,f 0dkif; usL&SifNywJU ygarmufcwdkU ? yg&*l usrf; MuD;Muyf a&; q&m wdkU ? r[mwef;
    awG udk usrf;vJ MuD;Muyf ay; NyD; ? oD;ppf yg &SJ'dk; xdkifa&; ay;wJU XmerSL; wdkU ?
    tdrfNcHaNr &mNzwfay;&wJU tcGef 0efaxmufrif;wdkU ? w&m;rrI udkif & wJU
    w&m;olMuD;rif;wdkU ? tdrfNcH aNr&mZ0if ? ydkif&Siftrnfayguf vkyfay& wJU aNrpm&if;OD;pD;
    wdkU trsm;MuD;ygAsm ? qufaNym &if ukef r,f rxifawmU yg cif Asm?

    'D vdk vlpm; rsdK; awG tNyif ? w&m; 0if orm tmZD 0 eJU 'D vdk 0ifaiG & ae edkif wJU
    vlawG vJ trsm;MuD; yg ? orw vpm odef; ig; q,f qdk wm waeU 0if aiG 2 odef;
    rNynfU ygbl; ? 48 bwfum; vdkif; axmif wJUvl awG waeU udk 2 odef; 0ifaiG&Sd ygw,f/
    &efukef ref; wav; ta0;aNy;um; awG u waeU udk 6 odef; r&&if rudkuf ygbl;/
    uefawmfMuD; em; u yg0gvdkuf vdk pm;aomuf qdkif rsdK; qdk &if a&mif;aumif; &if
    waeU odef; 100 ausmf ygw,f ? atmifokc xrif;qdkif rsdK; u waeU odef;30 bdk;
    a&mif;&ygw,f ? um;yGJpm;wef; em; u vbufa&qdkif awG waeU 4 odef; txuf rSm
    &Sd yg w,f / wv vpm a':vm 5000 ausmf & wJU ta0; u usL;ypfawG ? tck
    uGsefawmf aNym ae wm udk NyHK; NyD; zwf ae Mu rSm yg/

    'g ay rJU tpdk;& u vpm awG wtm;wdk; ay; awmU r,f Nzpf vm wJU aum v [ v
    u omref NynfolawG udk tawmf aomu yGm;ap yg w,f ? aiG aMu; azmif;yG rI
    Nzpf NyD; ? &Sd rJU pk rJU zGwf uvd '*Fg; u vHk; yg; ? yg; awmU rJU ta&; awG; aMumuf
    Mu &if; tck vdk Nzpf ukef wmyg ?

    yHkrSef a':vm xdkifa&mif; ae wJU vl wdkU ? a&Tqdkif awG u awmU ? aps; wuf wuf
    us us ? ta&; rMuD; yg ? ol wdkU u yHk rSef ? 'g udk bJ aeU pOf a&mif; 0,f ae Mu
    wmyg ? aps; wuf onf Nzpf ap ? us onf Nzpf ap ? tck a&mif; vdkU & orQ
    'g awG udk bJ tukef Nyef 0,f NyD; ? 0,f vdkU & orQ tukef Nyef a&mif; NyD;
    a&mif; aps; 0,f aps; ? tuGm t[ eJU bJ pD;yGm; yHk rSef Nzpf ae yg w,f/

    tck a,muf ,uf cwf ae Mu wm u ? r&Sd rJU pk rJ U ? vl vwf wef;pm; awG yg
    ydkuf qH av; odef; 30 avmuf udk tpdrf; bJ udkif & rvm; ? a&T av; bJ
    0,fxm; & rvm; Asm rsm; ae Mu & wm yg/ 'gawG u trSefrSm wdkif; Nynf twGuf
    tawmf epf em yg w,f ? vl awG &JU t&if;teSD; awG u ? avmavm q,f aiG ao
    Nzpf oGm;NyD; t&Guf pdrf; wdkU a&T wHk; wdkU b0 rSm? aiG ao Nzpf ukef ygw,f/

    aemufwck u wdkif;NynfwGif; u &SdwJU ol awG tukef twlwl yg bJ
    vl qdk wm u avmb eJU twfw orm;awG udk; As ? a&mif;aps; wck & NyD;&if
    NyefavsmU ray;csifMubl; ? ol ol udk,f udk,f & orQ wdk; NyD; vdk csif ol awG yg/
    wa':vm 1200 avmuf u ae 800 ausmf txd aps;qif; vm ay rJU ? yJ NyKwfonf
    rkefU[if;cg;onf wdkU up vbufa& qdkif awG xrif; qdkif awG b,fol r Saps;avsmU
    ra&mif;Mubl; As/ wufNyD;aps; u awmU Nyef rqif;yg / ck vdk &Spf&m ausmf u ae
    udk;&mausmf txd a':vmaps; Nyefwufa&m tukefvHk; u a':vmaps; awG wufukef
    w,f qdkNyD; a&mif;aps;awG wif Mu Nyefa&m As/

    tck vdk [dk taMumif; 'D taMumif; eJU aiGaps; awG uarmuf u r ? Nzpf vm &if
    wEG,f iif ? wpif yg qdk ovdk ? Nyoem u tukefvHk; udk vSnfUygwf
    wufapNyD; usefwJU vl aerI pepfawG udk oHo&m rqHk; ? qdk;usdK; oufa&mufapygw,f/

    'gawG u tck vkyf ae wJU ? vTwfawmf rSm trsm;MuD; wm0ef &Sd yg w,f ?
    tpdk;& u bm bJ vkyfvkyf ? xifom Nrifom &Sd bdkU vkd ygw,f/
    usdK;aMumif; qDavsmf bdkU ? vlawG udk av;pm; bdkU vdk ygw,f/

    vpm wdk;ay; r,f qdk vJ ? & aiG oHk;aiG bwf *suf Z,m; eJU ? tpdk; & rSm
    bm 0if aiG awG &Sd r,f ? bm twGuf b,f avmuf oHk; r,f ? 'gaMumifU
    0efxrf; awG udk 'D vdk vpm ay; edkif r,f qdk wm ? tusdK; taMumif; cdkif cdkif vHkvHk
    Oya' enf;vrf; wus vkyfaqmif r,f qdk&if ? 'D vdk uarmuf u r Nyoem
    Nzpf p&m taMumif; r&Sd yg cif Asm ? t&if vdk bJ ? b@mawmf wdkuf u vdk oavmuf
    xkwf ,l apAsm; ? y vdkU *sd ? qdk NyD; ? xif &m quf vkyf OD; r,f qdk &if awmU
    wdkif;Nynf &JU aemif a&; u ? &if av; p&m yg cif Asm /

    tJ tJ ? aemuf waMumif; u eef;awmf MuD; xJ u zdkuf wif cef; awG u vJ waMumif;
    tyg t0ifaygU Asm ? [dk AdkvfcsKyf u cH aNym vdkU ? NzKwf ypf vdkuf NyD; ? 'D Adkvf csKyf u
    vTwfawmftrwf ua&m ? edkifiH a&; yg wD u yg ? &Sd orQ tukef vHk; xGufpm wif oGm;
    NyD ? tcsif;csif; raMu reyf Nzpf ukef Mu NyD ? aemuf xyf rsm; Nyoem xyf ay: &if
    cuf & csD &JU qdkNyD; ? aps; awG wuf ukef wm vJ yg wm aygU Asm/ 'D aeU bJ MunfU av
    [dk raMueyfvdkU tukef vHk; udk csJ vif; vkyf NyD; ? &Sd orQ &mxl; u ae xGuf pm wif
    oGm; wJU 'D AdkvfcsKyf u &mxl;MuD;MuD; ae&m rSm yHk pH wrsdK; eJU Nyef a&muf vm awmU
    raeU u aeU vnf 1 em&D twGif; a&Taps; u wxdkifxJ waomif; ausmf Nyef us oGm;
    Nyef a&m / avm u MuD; at; csrf; atmif ? ol wdkU vJ aysmf aebdkU vdk yg ao; oAsm/

    wu,f awmU trsm; rSef;xm; Mu wm ? aiGrmaps; eJU a&Taps; u wuf p&m r&Sd & rJU
    tcsdef yg/ od wJU twdkif; yg bJ ? &ef ukef xJ wif aNr uGuf ? wdkuf cef; eJU edkifiH ydkif
    taqmuftOD awG 200 ausmf avmufavvH NypfbdkU &Sd yg w,f/

    'g rsdK; u ppftpdk;& tae eJU bJ xif &m vkyf vdkU & wmyg ? vTwfawmf tpdk;& qdk&if
    Oya'awG vdk vmrSm qdk awmU ? ppf tpdk;& &JU aemufqHk; avvH Nzpf yg vdrfU r,f/
    ypf rJU ae&m awG u vJ ? a&TawmifMum; ? 0if'grD,m ? tif;,m;uef w0dkuf ?
    &efukefNrdKU &JU xdyfwef; a&Tae&m awG qdk awmU ? & csif vdkU tMuH MuD; MuH ae ol awG
    trsm;MuD; yg ? 'g rsdK; ? 'D ae &m rsdK; 'D aps; rsdK; qdk wm u vJ ? 'D wcg aemuf qHk;
    qdk awmU vufMuD; orm; ? vl vnf awG ? pdwf xJ rSm ? onf; onf; vSKyf yg/

    'g ay rJU ol wdkU vJ ? aiG xyf vdkuf bdkU &m aNc ukef vuf yef; us ae yg bD/
    'g awG udk quf vdkuf bdkU qdk &if ? tNyif u aiGrm tul vdk vm ygw,f/
    tNyif u tul aiG rm ? vuf xJ &Sd wJU ? rdef;r qD u &Sd orQ a&T awG eJU vdkufMu &
    rSmyg/ NyD; cJU wJU &uf awG u ? a&Taps; aiG r maps; u pdwf MudKuf r& ao; awmU
    tm; i,f ae Mu wmaygU Asm/ ol wdkU tzGJ awG aiGazmf csdef Nzpf vm&if ? aiGrmaps; eJU
    a&Taps; u xyf qif; & rJU taNctae yg/ um;aps; u vJ tm; r&Sd csdef qdkawmU tMuH
    ukef ae Mu aygU Asm ? b,fvdk bJ NzpfNzpf ? azz0g&Dv ukef qdk&if vuf xJ NrefrmaiG
    rsm;rsm; udkif xm; edkif rS ? 'D aNruGuf avvH awG udk 0if NyD; vSKyf &Sm; vdkU & edkif rSm yg/

    ck rsm; awmU 'D vl awG udk bdk;bdk;atmif rsm; 0if r vdkuf ovm;
    udkMuD;ausmf bJ apmifU a&Smuf vdkuf ovm; ? rodyg Asm ? aiGrmaps; eJU a&T aps; u
    4 &ufavmuf twGif; ? ol wdkU pdwfMudKuf csufcsif; vuf iif; ?0kef;u eJ x ? cHk wuf
    oGm; awmU ? aiG azmf csif ae wJ U ? vufMuD; orm; ol wdkU awG u wNyHK; NyHK; aygU Asm

    pD;yGm;a&; yHkpH trSef u awmU oMuFef tNyD; rS a&;aw;aw; awGU rSmyg/
    touf nPfapmifU ? Opm udk uH u apmifU a&Smuf yg owJU Asm ?
    bm owif; Mum; Mum; ? NAKef; u eJ ? em; xif aoG; wuf NyD;
    aom u r yGm;Mu yg eJU cif Asm ? Nzpf orQ u awmU olU taMumif; eJU ol yg/
    taMumif; r&Sd bJ eJU tusdK; Nzpf rvm yg cif Asm/

    at; Asm ? tm; em yg w,f ? pm zwf ol usL;ypfMuD; rsm; ? cif Asm /
    a&; & wJU owif; awG u ? tck vdk zwf & wm ? awmif a&muf ? aNrmuf a&muf ?
    u armuf u r ? awG Nzpf ae rSm yg/
    tck vdk Nzpf ae wJU taMumif; &if; awG udk u ? u armuf u r qdk awmU
    tm; em vdkuf wm Asm vdk U bJ ? qdk yg & ap awmU Asm; /